This is basically removing any leaves which obscure the outline of your Bonsai.
Use a leaf cutting tool and do not be over- enthusiastic.
This is more drastic cutting and is a part of the main styling process. It is
usually done in early spring before bud break.Trimming shears are used to remove smaller branches and concave cutters used
to remove larger ones.
This is probably the most important Bonsai technique.
Root pruning is done
in early spring before bud break but after the danger of severe frost has passed.
Carefully remove the Bonsai from its pot and comb out the roots using a root hook. At least a third of the old soil should
be removed. Then cut the longest roots back to create a compact root ball with a flat base. The basic idea is to encourage
fine roots which grow quickly to give the tree vigour. If thick roots are cut use a wound sealant to stop "bleeding" and reduce
the chance of infection.
Position the Bonsai in its pot on a layer of fresh soil and anchor it with copper wire threaded through the holes
in the pot and through the roots. This will hold the tree in position until the new root growth begins. Top up the pot with
soil and water well.
Protect from frost for a few weeks and keep well watered.
There are many types of soil, each to suit different species. So much information is available
that the novice can become confused. It is better at first to buy ready prepared soil for repotting. I use basic soil mix
for all my native deciduous trees. Add grit for pines and conifers and John Innes No 3 compost for Maples, this is similar
to Japanese Akadama. NEVER use garden soil as it may contain pests and diseases.
I have been using Akadama, authentic clay based Japanese potting medium. Maples love it and mine have done really well
growing in it. I have also experimented using it for an Elm and results are good so far.
It is possible to buy moss spores, but I find it is best to let nature grow your moss for
you. Moss will appear on any moist soil surface given time. This can take up to three months so be patient.
repot your Bonsai slice the moss from the soil surface and replace it on the new soil. Spray daily for two weeks and it will