JOSEPH WADLEY ?-1776
The Wadley branch of the family has so far been traced back to the marriage of a Joseph Wadley to Ann Deely at North Stoke, Oxfordshire, England in 1734.
It is not known when Joseph was born, but it would probably have been in Crowmarsh Gifford. Parish registers for Oxfordshire reveal that Wadley was a very localised name and not very common. The main concentration of Wadley families being in Crowmarsh Gifford.
Crowmarsh Gifford is a small village that lies on the Thames River in Oxfordshire, opposite Wallingford. In the 18th and 19th centuries it was an agricultural area divided into estates owned by the aristocracy and rich merchants. The various Wadley families appear to have worked on these estates around their village.
Nothing is known of Ann Deely's origins, but she probably came from North Stoke, as the wedding was usually held in the parish of the bride.
Joseph was probably a farm labourer working for one of the landowners near the village of Crowmarsh Gifford.
Joseph and Ann had five known children.
1. Joseph, born 1735 Crowmarsh Gifford. Married Eleanor Hutton.
2. Ralf, born 1738 Crowmarsh Gifford. Died 1744 Crowmarsh Gifford.
3. John, born 1740 Crowmarsh Gifford.
4. Martha, born 1743 Crowmarsh Gifford. Married William Witherall in 1772.
5. Ann, born 1745 Crowmarsh Gifford.
JOSEPH WADLEY 1735-1805
Joseph was born in 1735 in Crowmarsh Gifford, he married Eleanor Hutton at the parish church in Crowmarsh Gifford in 1769. Eleanor was born in 1752 in Crowmarsh Gifford, the daughter of Edward Hutton and Jane nee New.
Joseph was also a farm labourer the same as his father. He probably worked for the same landowner.
Joseph and Eleanor only had the one known child, John born in 1770, the same year Captain James Cook discovered the East Coast of Australia.
Joseph died in 1805, his wife Eleanor having predeceased him in 1796. They are both buried in the Crowmarsh Gifford churchyard.
JOHN WADLEY 1770-1843
John was born at Crowmarsh Gifford in 1770. He married Ann Brewer at the Parish Church in Crowmarsh Gifford in 1792. Ann was born at Crowmarsh Gifford in 1772, the daughter of William Brewer and Sarah nee Brooks.
John was a farm labourer as had been his father and grandfather. In the 1841 census he is described as “independent”, which can be taken as retired and aged 70.
John and Ann had a rather large family of thirteen, all born in Crowmarsh Gifford.
1. Sarah born 1792. Died before 1801
2. Joseph born 1795.
3. Ann born 1797.
4. Helen born 1797.
5. Sophia born 1799.
6. Sarah born 1801 named after her sister who had died in infancy.
7. Elizabeth born 1803.
8. John born 1804. Married Sarah Champ in 1832 at Newnham Murren. Sarah was born in 1800, probably at Newnham Murren. John and Sarah had five children. John, Marianne, Henry, Sarah and Sophia.
John is described as a labourer at the baptisms of all his children. He was the gamekeeper to William Toovey, the Lord of the Manor of Newnham Murren, who lived at Newnham House. In the 1841 census John's occupation is given as male servant. When his son Henry married in 1870, he gave the occupation of his father as coachman for William Toovey. From this information it can be assumed that John was in the employ of William Toovey for most, if not all his working life.
Sarah was 51 at the time of the 1851 census, and is described as a laundress, presumably she took in washing to eke out a living. John having died at Newnham Murren in 1842.
Sarah died at Newnham Murren in 1869 aged 69. Both John and Sarah have gravestones in the Newnham Murren Churchyard, which was unusual for labourers at that time, as they were quite expensive.
9. Ellenor born 1806. Married Thomas Gill in 1832 at Newnham Murren.
10. William born 1808. William is covered in more detail later in this chapter.
11. Lucy born 1809. Married Joseph Wheeler in 1828 at Newnham Murren.
12. Thomas born 1810. Thomas is covered in more detail later in this chapter.
13. James born 1815. Married Hester (surname unknown) in 1844 at Crowmarsh Gifford. There was one child from this marriage. Named Hester after her mother, she was born 1844. It is not known when his first wife died. James married for a second time in 1859, to a widow, Ann Lawrence. There were five children from this marriage. Thomas, Ann, Ellen, William and Henry. All born at Crowmarsh Gifford.
James gives his occupation as labourer at both of his marriages and at the baptisms of his children, but as a gravel digger in the 1871 census. James died in 1875. He is buried in the churchyard at Crowmarsh Gifford.
WILLIAM WADLEY 1808-1875
William was born in 1808 at Crowmarsh Gifford, Oxfordshire, England. Nothing is known of William's early life, but it is more than likely he would have been a farm labourer.
In 1828 he was in court at Oxford charged with riotously assembling with others on 23rd March 1828, and assaulting Daniel Grant, tearing down a notice on his gate and breaking open his door. He was found guilty and sentenced to one month in gaol, he was discharged on 19th April 1828 on recognisance of £20-00 to keep the peace.
Because of the Industrial Revolution and the fact that there was a rural depression the English country labourers and farm workers were crippled by the burden of poverty and unemployment, real wages had shrunk to about half what they were worth a decade earlier. They were also the most exploited labour force in the country. At harvest time they worked from 3 am to 8 pm, with a midday break to avoid the heat. In winter the amount of work available was limited. There were also other factors, such as the enclosure of agricultural land for pasture to graze sheep and cattle.
The final blow for these men came with the introduction of threshing machines which displaced human labour, so many of them decided to fight back.
Many of the young men who were about to be thrown out of work by the introduction of threshing machinery into the farming industry formed themselves into groups called “machine breakers”. They confronted the machine owners with their list of demands for better wages and an end to the new machines. When their demands were refused the machines were vandalised and destroyed. The group then moved onto the next farm.
In the last months of 1830 “machine breakers” marched from village to village in Oxfordshire and across most of the agricultural areas of England, demanding a wage of half-crown a day and the abolition of the “machines”.
The revenge taken by the land owners was terrible, over all 2,000 people were tried, with 252 being sentenced to death, 19 were unjustly executed, 640 gaoled and 505 transported to Australia. Of those transported 332 went to Tasmania aboard the “Eliza” and the “Proteus” in 1831.
On the 3rd of January 1831, William, along with his younger brother Thomas and six other men appeared before the Oxford Quarter Sessions, charged with “machine-breaking”. He was found guilty and sentenced to seven years transportation.
TRIAL OF THOMAS AND WILLIAM WADLEY
A report of their trial as reported in the “Oxford Gazette' of January 1831.
Joseph Fisher, Thomas Wadley, William Wadley, Joseph Blissett, John Filbee, Benwell Eggleton, William Pratt and John Poulton, were indicted for destroying a threshing machine on the 21st November, the property of Thomas Newton of Besington.
This trial, from the circumstance of council being employed on both sides, occupied the court several hours. It appeared from the evidence, that on Sunday morning the 21st of November, a crowd of persons assembled in the church-yard at Benson, from whence they went to the prosecutor's house at Crowmarsh, armed with bludgeons and sticks. Thomas Wadley, Fisher, Filbee, Blissett, William Wadley and Eggleton were proved to be present; the gates of Mr. Newton's yard were pushed open, and Mr. Newton came out, when the mob said they were going to break his machine - that they wanted 2 shillings per day, and they would have it. Mr. Newton replied ` if you will let it stand another week, I'll give you a barrel of beer”. In consequence of this they went towards the public-house, but soon returned. Mr. Newton's son recommended them to be peaceable and not to make a disturbance on the Sabbath day, the mob at that time consisted of about 500; they then went to the rick-yard and began to destroy the machine. Newton and his son were present, and the former said if they would let the machine alone he would have it taken to pieces on Monday morning. The mob ultimately broke the machine to pieces, and afterwards went to the public-house and had the barrel of beer.
The prosecutor underwent a cross examination by Mr. Malesby, particularly for the purpose of eliciting the fact that the crowd assembled in the church yard on Sunday, not with the premeditated purpose of machine breaking, but on account of Mr. Newton being about to give notice of applying to Parliament for an act to enclose the parish of Benson, a circumstance which it is well known did not add to his popularity In that neighbourhood.
The prisoners were all found guilty; and the court, considering that the conduct of some of them was much more violent than others, sentenced them as follows: -
Joseph Fisher, to be transported for seven years.
Thomas Wadley, to be transported for seven years.
William Wadley, to be transported for seven years.
John Poulton, to be transported for seven years.
Joseph Blissett, 12 months imprisonment at hard labour.
John Filbee, 12 months imprisonment at hard labour.
Benwell Eggleton, 12 months imprisonment at hard labour.
William Pratt, 12 months imprisonment at hard labour.
Their convict record states that Thomas and William Wadley were both of good character. Though Thomas was admonished once for being drunk and disorderly and William for being absent without leave from his assigned post.
William was transported aboard the “Eliza”, sailing from Portsmouth, on 6th February 1831, arriving at Hobart, Van Diemen's Land, on 28th May 1831, after 112 days at sea.
On boarding the transports, the male prisoners were washed and issued with the regulation dress of jackets and waistcoats of blue cloth or jersey, duck trousers, check or coarse linen shirts, yarn stockings and woollen caps.
The food was described as adequate, quarters lay between-decks and were very confined, each man having only 18 inches of space to sleep in. They were also gloomy and lacking in ventilation. Daily exercise on deck was taken with the convicts handcuffed together and secured with leg-irons. Some of the men caught a chill while crossing the line as the result of which (it was believed) two young labourers died of consumption shortly after their arrival in Tasmania. Colonel Arthur, Governor, had his own views on this and wrote to Lord Goderich that they died from disease induced apparently by despair.
He also told the Molesworth Committee in 1837 that “a great many of them died - due he believed, to the despair and deep sense of shame and degradation”
On arrival at their destination the prisoners were kept on board until their “particulars” had been taken and they and the ship had been cleared by the Port Health Officer. At Hobart, this might take two or three days.
On the 26th December 1833 William was charged with being absent without leave from his assigned post, and was admonished by the local magistrate Mr Leake.
William received his free pardon, (number 270) on 3rd February 1836.
William married Sarah Bates at St. John's Church, Launceston, Tasmania after banns on the 27th December 1836. Neither of them could write, as they both signed the register with their mark (x). Sarah was born about 1812, her father was Daniel Bates, her mother's name is unknown. Sarah's surname appears as Bakes in the marriage register. The Bates family arrived in Tasmania aboard the “Mansfield” on 27th August 1832.
After his Marriage, William worked as a labourer for a few years. By 1844 he had acquired some land, probably leased, as he states his occupation at the baptism of his fourth child as a farmer at Cressy. By 1856 William was leasing land at Little Hampton and in 1858 had moved to a property named “The Hermitage” at Cressy.
William must have moved around a fair bit, as in the registers for the births of his children, his dwelling place is given as Evandale, Cressy, Longford, and finally Bishopsbourne and always stating his occupation as a farmer.
In 1869 William was listed on the electoral roll as living in retirement at Bracknell.
William died of dropsy (oedema), at Westbury, Tasmania on 19th January 1875.
William and Sarah Wadley had eleven children.
Sarah gave her age as 60, when she married her second husband, William Wood, a widower farmer aged 68 on 19th January 1882, in the dwelling house of Mr. W. Page at Bracknell, according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Primitive Methodist Church, by Licence. The ceremony was performed by Minister Frederick Sindon in the presence of Louisa Wadley and Joseph Wadley.
William Wood died of heart disease at Westbury on 26th September 1885, aged 76.
Sarah died at Westbury on 5th April 1887. The cause of death was given as “old age”.
CHILDREN OF WILLIAM AND SARAH WADLEY
Joseph 1838 -?
Joseph was born at “The Arms” near Westbury on 24th August 1838. “The Arms” was the Quamby Arms, an Inn owned by Moore Simmons. Joseph was baptised on 4th June 1839 in the Parish of Evandale.
He married Louisa Hillier on 20th July at Green Rises at the private residence of Frederick Luke Frampton. Louisa was born in Launceston on 28th September 1842, the daughter of Arthur Hillier (another “Eliza” machine breaker) and Sarah Maria nee Hance.
Joseph's gave his occupation at the time of their marriage as a shoemaker. Shortly after their marriage he took up farming on a property at Whitemoor, and later moving to Spring Valley, Cluan.
Joseph became a highly respected citizen of Bracknell and a pillar of the Wesleyan Church.
Joseph and Louisa both died at Bracknell in 1903 and are buried in the old Wesleyan cemetery at Bracknell.
Joseph and Louisa had ten children.
1. Edith Annie Grace, born at Longford on 1st June 1865. Married William James Prewer at Longford on 17th June 1885. William was born at Launceston on 17th January 1861 and died at Bracknell on 30th April 1946. Edith died at Bracknell on 4th July 1949. They had seven children.
2. Esther Ruth, born at Longford on 24th July 1867. Married Charles Leonard at Longford on 8th October 1884. Charles was born at Westbury on 26th September 1857 and died at Bracknell on 30th May 1940. Esther did at Bracknell on 21st August 1954. They had nine children.
3. Ada Grace, born at Westbury on 19th September 1869. Married Henry Clay Watson at Longford on 31st July 1894. Henry was born in 1867 and died at Lilydale, Tasmania on 16th July 1943. Ada died at Lilydale on 16th November 1949. They had twelve children.
4. Arthur William, born at Westbury on 14th December 1871. Married Elizabeth Ettie Burrells at Longford on 12th October 1898. Elizabeth was born at Westbury on 9th June 1881 and died on 4th December 1971. Arthur died at Selbourne, Tasmania on 15th August 1939. They had three children.
5. Mary Eleanor, born at Westbury on 16th August 1874. Nothing further is known.
6. Joseph Robert, born at Westbury on 28th October 1877. Married Annie Louise Lockhart on 28th October 1903. Annie was born on 24th February 1874 and died at Nabowla, Tasmania on 3rd August 1943. Joseph died at his property named “Fawkeston”, at Nabowla on 9th August 1949. They are buried in the Church of St. John cemetery at Nabowla. They had five children.
7. Eva Elizabeth, born at Bracknell on 7th March 1880. Married Thomas Lockhart, the brother of Annie on 30th June 1899. Thomas was born on 27th March 1870 and died at Cluan, Tasmania on 25th December 1950. Eva died on 6th June 1963. They had five children.
8. Rhonsley James, born at Bracknell on 28th August 1882. Married Mary Ann Hall. Nothing further is known.
9. Hilton Charles, born at Bracknell on 8th September 1884. Married Ethel May Pearton. Ethel was born at Launceston on 31st July 1884. They had one child.
10. Valley Louisa, born at Westbury on 16th May 1887. Married Arthur James Page. Nothing further is known.
Elizabeth 1840 -?
Elizabeth was born in 1840 at Evandale. She married George Preece on 14th December 1859.
They had eight children.
1. William, born at Longford in 1862.
2. Sally, born at Longford on 7th April 1864.
3. George, born at Longford on 5th September 1866. Married Mary Jane Swain at Launceston in 1890. They had six children.
4. Thomas, born at Longford on 21st January 1869.
5. Percy James Ernest, born at Longford on 2nd January 1871. Married Leila Bosworth.
6. Elizabeth Mary Ann, born at Longford on 1st August 1873.
7. Ethel Louisa, born at Longford on 13th October 1876. Married William Herbert Bosworth, the brother of Leila.
8. Frank Herbert, born at Longford on 25th July 1880.
Mary Ann 1841 - 1918
Mary Ann was born in March 1841 at Evandale, she married Charles Hodgetts at Bishopsbourne on 15th July 1863.
Shortly after their marriage Charles and Mary Ann purchased 100 acres of land at Blackwood Creek, which they added to from time to time as they could afford it.
Charles operated a carrier business around the Blackwood Creek, Cressy, Longford, Bishopsbourne and Bracknell area for many years. Charles used to drop the mail in at the various towns and properties in the area, which made him the first although unofficial postman in the district.
Mary Ann died at Blackwood Creek on 26th December 1918. Shortly after her death Charles went to live with his daughter Olivia and her husband William Philpott, at their home at Golden Valley. He stayed there for a short time. Then moved in with his youngest daughter Ellen (Nell) and her husband William Spencer, at “Westmoore” near Cressy. He died there on 28th December 1928 aged 92 years. Charles and Mary Ann had eight children.
1. Mary Ann (adopted) born about 1861. Her real name is believed to have been Williams. She married Charles Woodbury.
2. Olivia born at Blackwood Creek on 16th May 1864. Married William Philpott at Longford on 16th May 1888 and had seven children.
3. Sarah Jane born at Blackwood Creek on 1st April 1866. She only lived lived nine months dying on 29th December 1866.
4. Charles Edward born at Blackwood Creek on 11th February 1867. He married Lily May Spencer. They had no children of their own, but adopted two.
5. Elizabeth born at Westbury on 22nd December 1869. Nothing further is known.
6. Ada Grace Lavinia born at Blackwood Creek on 11th March 1871. She never married. Died in Launceston on 10th August 1962 aged 91.
7. John William born at Blackwood Creek on 18th February 1873. Alma Bethune Hughes and had five children. He died on 4th June 1955.
8. Ellen Mary born at Blackwoood Creek on 8th August 1875. Married William Thomas Spencer at Longford on 27th May 1896 and had three children.
William 1844 - 1907
William was born on 10th March 1844 at Cressy, he was baptised on 4th April 1844 at Longford Church of England. He gave his occupation as a labourer when he married Louisa Lansdell on 29th October 1867 at Little Mountain near Bishopsbourne. Louisa was born on 13th August 1847 at Longford the daughter of Isaac Lansdell and Mary Ann nee Mason.
William died at “Como”, Bishopsbourne on 4th July 1907. Louisa died at Bracknell, Tasmania on 24th January 1926. They had nine children.
1. William Ernest, born at Longford on 16th August 1868. Died at Longford on 29th September 1868.
2. Ada Mary, born at Longford on 17th December 1869. Married Edward Victor Quinn at Launceston on 26th May1896. Died at Westbury, Tasmania on 30th August 1910. They had three children.
3. Albert Charles, born at Longford on 16th September 1871.
4. Louisa Jane, born at Longford on 30th August 1873. Married George Thomas Maher at Longford on 14th October 1891. They had four children.
5. Rosina Adeline, born at Longford on 29th November 1875. Married James Bennett at Launceston on 28th April 1895. They had three children.
6. Isaac William, born at Longford on 5th December 1877.
7. Charles Herbert, born at Bishopsbourne on 17th December 1880.
8. Esther Maud, born at Longford on 13th December 1884.
9. George Herbert, born at Longford on 25th February 1890.
Sarah 1845 - 1921
Sarah was born on 31st October 1845 at Longford. She was baptised at the Longford Church of England on 5th December 1845. She was only sixteen years of age when she married Charles Frankcombe at Longford, on 20th March 1861. Charles was born in England in 1829. Charles was a farmer in the Blackwood Creek area. He also worked as a teamster. Charles died on 11th August 1899 at Cressy. Sarah died on 7th September 1921 at Longford. They are both buried at Blackwood Creek. They had ten children.
1. William Wadley, born at Longford on 29th April 1861. He married Ellen Maria Warburton at Longford on 29th August 1888. William died on 13th March 1911. They had four children.
2. Mary, born at Longford on 22nd January 1863. She married Dugald Ferguson at the Baptist Chapel, Blackwood Creek on 4th July 1883. Dugald died at Longford on 12th June 1931. Mary died at Longford on 7th November 1934. They had eleven children.
3. Charles, born at Longford on 26th April 1864. He married Anna Louisa Jessop at Deloraine, Tasmania on 24th March 1886. Anna was born at Launceston on 14th September 1859. Anna died at Deloraine on 31st July 1901. Charles and Anna had six Children.
Charles then married Amelia Louisa Hooper in 1904. Amelia was born at Deloraine on 31st July 1881, she died at Launceston on 25th December 1910.
Charles then married Margaret Carey in 1912. There were no children from either of these marriages. Charles died on 7th December 1940. He is buried at Sheffield, Tasmania.
4. Sarah, born at Longford on 20th March 1866. Married John Ferguson at Longford on 26th May 1890.
5. Eliza, born at Longford on 8th October 1868. Married William John Carney at Launceston on 28th March 1891.
6. Alice Grace Victoria, born at Longford on 20th January 1871. Married David George Tubb at Longford on 25th December 1891. They had five children.
7. Benjamin, born at Longford on 18th July 1874. Married Lula Grace Smith in 1902. Benjamin died at Longford on 16th February 1960. Lula did on 5th June 1966. They had two children.
8. John George, born at Longford on 26th June 1877. Married Malvina Tubb at Blackwood Creek on 2nd September 1896. Malvina was the sister of David Tubb who had married his sister Alice. Malvina died at Longford on 10th October 1948. John died at Longford on 1st August 1965. They had fourteen children.
9. James Herbert, born at Longford on 13th October 1878. Married Frances Amelia Bakes in 1909. They had one child.
10. Frank Thomas, born at Longford on 21st September 1880. Married Emily Thompson in 1904. Shortly after their marriage they moved to Victoria. Emily died at Prahran, Victoria in 1931. Frank died at Richmond, Victoria in 1954. They had three children.
Ellen 1847 -
Ellen was born on 23rd August 1847 at Longford, she married Frank Edwin Dando at Port Sorell in 1880. They had two known children.
1. Edward George, born at Westbury on 2nd October 1881.
2. Frank William, born at Westbury on 31st January 1884.
John 1849 - 1850
John was born on 3rd October 1849 at Longford, he only lived four months and three days, dying at Longford on 6th January 1850.
Eliza 1851 -?
Eliza was born on 4th October 1851 at Longford, she married John Pilgrim at Longford on 25th December 1873. John was born in 1839. He died at Longford, of Bright's disease of the kidneys on 2nd June 1898.
Eliza died on the evening of 7th July 1942 aged 90 years at the Toosey Memorial Hospital, Longford. Her funeral on 10th July 1942 left the residence of her daughter Mrs Bird, Anstey Street, Longford for internment in the Bishopsbourne Cemetery. John and Eliza had nine children.
1. Matilda Grace Victoria, born at Westbury on 6th October 1873. Married Francis Edward Bird at Launceston on 21st January 1899. They had two children.
2. Thomas William, born at Longford on 11th June 1876. He lived less than a year, dying at Longford on 13th March 1877.
3. Mary Ann, born at Longford on 6th March 1878. She live just over four weeks, dying at Longford on 7th April 1878.
4. Amy, born at Longford on 14th April 1879. Nothing further is known.
5. James Herbert, born at Longford on 3rd April 1881. He died at Longford on 18th May 1938.
6. Lily Louisa, born at Longford on 14th September 1882. Nothing further is known.
7. George John, born at Longford on 3rd August 1884. He died at Longford on 19th August 1955.
8. Charles Joseph, born at Longford on 4th August 1886. Married Nellie (surname unknown). Charles died at Longford on 5th June 1950. Nellie died at Longford on 23rd July 1975. They had three children.
9. Frank, born at Longford on 13th June 1888. Died at Longford on 6th May 1968.
Louisa 1854 -?
Louisa was born on 2nd December 1854 at Bishopsbourne, she married Francis Laredo on 15th May 1879 at Deloraine. Francis was born in 1855 and died on 13th November 1930. It is not known when Louisa died. They had nine children.
1. Kate Eliza, born at Launceston on 2nd March 1881.
2. May, born at Launceston on 23rd December 1882.
3. Rose, born at Launceston on 29th May 1884.
4. Frank, born at Launceston on 5th February 1886.
5. Margaret, born at Launceston on 9th January 1888.
6. Emmanuel, born at Launceston on 18th August 1889.
7. Barbara, born at Launceston on 12th October 1890.
8. Angela, born at Launceston on 6th May 1892.
9. Louis, born at Launceston on 10th June 1894.
James 1858 -?
James was born on 27th September 1858 at Bishopsbourne, he married Elizabeth Paul on 28th April 1880 at the house of the Rev. William Gould at Longford. Elizabeth was born in 1855. They had six children.
1. Amy Lavinia, born at Longford on 30th September 1880. Married Henry Joseph Saunders at Longford on 25th August 1897. Henry was born at Longford on 7th April 1873, the son of William Saunders and Elizabeth nee Bottom. Henry died on 14th February 1944. Amy died on 17th June 1967. They are both buried at the Carr Villa cemetery in Launceston. They had one child.
2. Lillian Alberta, born at Bracknell on 3rd January 1883. She only lived a week, dying on 10th January 1883.
3. William James, born at Bracknell on 18th October 1884.
4. Charles Isaac, born at Bracknell on 1st October 1886. Married Grace Iris Sutton in Victoria in 1913. Charles died at Macleod, Victoria in 1961. Grace died at Watsonia, Victoria in 1966. They had five children.
5. Claude Goodwin, born at Bracknell on 30th March 1888.
6. Myrtle Elizabeth, born at Fingal on 26th March 1893. Married Arthur Bernard Farrell. They had two children, both born in Victoria.
Charlotte 1860 -?
Charlotte was born in 1860 at Bishopsbourne, nothing further is known.
THOMAS WADLEY 1810 - 1879
Thomas was born in 1810 at Crowmarsh Gifford, Oxfordshire, England. Nothing is known of his early life, he was probably employed as a farm labourer the same as all the other male members of his family would have been.
The first that is known of Thomas is when he is in Court with his older brother William, at the Oxford Quarter sessions on 3rd January 1831, being tried for the offence of “machine breaking”. He was found guilty and sentenced to seven years transportation to Tasmania. Thomas was transported aboard the “Eliza”, as was his brother William, arriving in Tasmania on 28th May 1831.
On 23rd of September 1834 he was charged with being drunk and disorderly, and was admonished by the local magistrate.
On the 7th of July 1835, Thomas applied to the Governor for permission to marry Rebecca Bates. Thomas had to apply to the Governor as he was still a convict Permission was granted a week later, on 14th July 1835 Thomas and Rebecca were married by banns at Christchurch, Longford on 10th August 1835. Rebecca was the daughter of Daniel Bates and the sister of Sarah who later married his brother William.
Thomas received his free pardon, (number 269) on 3rd February 1836.
Thomas acquired land at Lake River and became a farmer. He was to move around about the area, farming at Cressy, Longford and Bishopsbourne.
Thomas is known to have made at least one trip to Victoria. On the 22nd October 1851, Thomas along with his son in law Richard Hodgetts sailed aboard the “City of Melbourne” to Melbourne, then on foot to the Victorian goldfields, which were attracting many unemployed men from all over Australia, and indeed the World.
Richard returned to Tasmania in May 1854, but Thomas stayed on in Victoria until 1858, arriving back in Hobart on the 22nd February 1858 aboard the “Trade Wind”, it is not known if he returned to Tasmania and then back to Victoria during this time, but it seems hard to believe that he would spend seven years away from his family. It may be that his family went with him, although they are not listed on the passenger list.
Thomas died on 18th October 1879 at Deloraine, Tasmania. Thomas and Rebecca had five Children.
Rebecca remarried at the age of 62. She married William Brooks at Launceston on the 28th July 1882.
CHILDREN OF THOMAS & REBECCA WADLEY
Louisa 1836 - 1915
Louisa was born on 21st May 1836 at Norfolk Plains, Tasmania. She was baptised at the Wesleyan Church in Launceston on 2nd May 1841, along with her brothers and sisters, all being baptised at the same time. Louisa married Richard Hodgetts in 1854 at Christchurch, Longford. She is covered in more detail in the Hodgetts chapter of this history.
Mary Ann 1837 - 1933
Mary Ann was born at Lake River, Tasmania on 18th May 1837. She married Thomas Hodgetts on 23rd December 1867 in a private Wesleyan ceremony at the home of her Uncle, William Wadley in Westbury, Tasmania. Thomas was born at Lake Plains, Tasmania on 24th June 1838 the son of James Hodgetts and Mary nee Cox. He was the cousin of Richard Hodgetts who had married her sister Louisa.
Soon after their marriage Thomas and Mary Ann settled in Selbourne, where Thomas worked as a shepherd. Their first son, Arthur was born there, but shortly after his birth they moved to Reedy Marsh, near Deloraine. It was there that their daughter Louisa was born, but she died seven months later. Soon after this Thomas and Mary Ann moved into Deloraine to Barrack Street and later to Church Street. Two more sons, Walter Albert and Hedley Herbert were born there.
Thomas and Mary Ann were to remain in Deloraine for the rest of their lives. Thomas died there on 4th March 1917 and is buried in St.Mark's Churchyard. Mary Ann also died at Deloraine in 1933 and was buried with her husband.
Thomas and Mary Ann only had the four children.
1. Arthur Wadley, born at Selbourne on 29th September 1868. Married Johanne Nugent at the home of her parents at Deloraine, on 6th January 1894. Arthur died in 1934. They had six children.
2. Louisa, born at Reedy Marsh near Deloraine on 15th December 1870. She only lived just over six weeks, dying at Deloraine on 10th July 1871.
3. Walter Albert , born at Deloraine on 8th March 1872. Married Letitia Phoebe Brewer at Launceston on 29th October 1903. Letitia was born on 24th August 1883 and died on 1st December 1952. Walter having predeceased her, dying on 26th March 1952. They had six children.
4. Hedley Herbert, born at Deloraine on 3rd May 1874. Never married.
Jane 1838 -?
Jane was born at Lake River, Tasmania on 10th August 1838. Nothing further is known.
William 1839 -?
William was born at Lake River, Tasmania on 18th April 1839. Nothing further is known
Thomas 1840 - 1927
Thomas was born at Lake River, Tasmania on 15th November 1840. Thomas moved to Victoria, where in 1877 he married Mary Carton. Mary was born in County Wexford, Ireland, the daughter of John Carton and Mary nee Cremean.
Thomas and Mary spent the rest of their lives farming at Oxley in Victoria. Mary died at Wangaratta, Victoria in 1913. Thomas died at Wangaratta in1927.
They had four children.
1. John Patrick born at Laceby, Victoria in 1878. He married Mary Claire Fortune at Wangaratta in 1907. Mary was born at Oxley in 1878, the daughter of James Fortune and Mary nee Whitty. Mary died at Wangaratta in 1946. John died at Beechworth, Victoria in 1975. They had five children.
2. Thomas Francis born at Oxley in 1879. He married Edith Jane Frances Hilet at Wangaratta in 1904. Edith was born at Footscray in 1878, the daughter of James Hilet and Maria Frances nee Bye. Thomas died at Wangaratta in 1961. Edith died in Wangaratta in 1968. They had three children.
3. Peter Joseph born at Laceby in 1881. Married Alice Louisa Baker at Wangaratta in 1905. Alice was born at Chiltern, Victoria in 1885, the daughter of George Thomas Baker and Alice nee Trigger. Peter died at Wangaratta in 1957. Alice died at Wangaratta in 1976. They had five children.
4. William James born at Oxley in 1883. Married Carrie Elizabeth Rose Morgan at Wangaratta in 1911. Carrie was born in Ballarat in 1887 the daughter of John Morgan and Ellen Ann nee Atwell. William and Carrie had two children both born at Wangaratta. William James born in 1912 and Elsie May born in 1913.
James 1841 - 1879
James was born at Lake River about 1841. The valuation rolls for 1868 show James farming a property at Reedy Marsh, near Deloraine. This property was leased from Arthur O'Connor.
At the age of 46 James married Leah Larcombe at Deloraine on 14th May 1891 the day of the birth of their first child. It is not known if the marriage took place before or after the birth. Leah was a spinster and aged 40.
James died at Westbury on 16th February 1893. Leaving Leah with two young children. It is not known if she remarried. Their children were.
1. James Thomas William, born at Deloraine on 14th May 1891
2. Walter Ernest, born at Deloraine on 1st July 1892.