Breif History

Home Camp of The Seventh Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry


Brief History of The Seventh Ohio

Immediately following the surrender of Fort Sumter President Lincoln issued a proclamation to raise troops to thwart the southern uprising. The initial call was for 75,000 troops and enthusiasm was so high that the State of Ohio had enough volunteers to fill the quota alone. It was on April 27th, 1861 that the order was given to form the 7th Ohio from companies gathered at Camp Taylor, Cleveland. These companies represented a thorough cross section of northeastern Ohio communities. Ten companies comprised the original format of the Regiment.

Eramus B. Tyler, of Ravenna Ohio, was elected Colonel commanding the regiment in favor of James A. Garfield.  The Seventh Ohio consisted of men of every vocation, farmers, teachers, blacksmiths, doctors, lawyers, and college men. It was a true representation of northeastern Ohio and its beliefs and stance towards the secession of southern states. The Seventh served for over three years and compiled a record on the battle field equal to any who served.

From a small skirmish in the hills of Western Virginia to the mighty battles of Antietam, Gettysburg, and Chancellorsville as well as the movement on Atlanta. From the frost bitten hands and numb feet during their movements in early 1862 against Jackson's forces in northern Virginia to the suffocating death causing heat at Cedar Mountain. From the bloody feet of worn out shoeless men on the march, to the hunger and thirst of countless days without rations and water. It was amazing that they were able to survive much less wage battle at every turn.

The men served in every theater of war except the far west. They were part of the Army of the Potomac which operated in the Shenandoah Valley and Pennsylvania, then sent to the Army of the Cumberland in Tennessee to recover Chattanooga, after which they were then sent on as part of the Atlanta Campaign in the Twelfth Army Corp. When their three year service expired the men who had not fulfilled their commitment were transferred to the 5th Ohio which completed the Atlanta Campaign, the March to The Sea, the Carolina Campaign, and finished in Washington D.C. at the conclusion of the War.

In the Battle of Ringgold their commanding Colonel, William R. Creighton, the second in command Lt. Colonel Orrin J. Crane, their Adjutant Morris Baxter, and two lieutenants were killed, while their remaining officers, with the exception of one, were all wounded.

Out of a total enrollment in three years service 17.5% died while serving their country. That meant 237 men would never answer roll call again. These men died on the battlefield, in the hospitals, and in the prisons of the south. Fifty one of the 237 who died were wounded and died either lying on the battle field or in the field hospitals; another 468 men, or 34.5% of the 3 year enrollment, were wounded in some degree during battle. Another 187 men were captured during their tenure, of which 17 died in Confederate prisons.  Fifty seven men died of disease while another six died an accidental death, including one Oliver Trembley, who fell overboard and drowned in the Ohio River while on their way to muster out of the service. He had served the entire three years.

During their term of service the regiment recruited 250 men for duty. These men were to backfill those who had left the regiment. It was, however, not nearly enough to support the tremendous loss of men and during the battle of Ringgold, Georgia there were but 206 men able who answered the call of duty. That is the equivalent of two companies out of ten.

The loyalty of the men went unquestioned as further displayed by the reenlistment into other units of 79 members after their discharge from active duty. Many of the Civil War scholars have deemed the Seventh Regiment, men from northeast Ohio, as one the the most respected units to have served during the entire war, from either North or South.

To get a perspective of their adventure I have included a chronology of the regiments movements in this Web Site. I tried to put together a fairly complete diary of their travel through their entire three year enlistment including most of the key events in which they participated.  

Brief Campaign Chronology

Champaign Dates Involved

The Year 1861

Movement to Weston, West Virginia June 29-30th, 1861
Movement to Glenville, West Virginia July 5th, 1861
Expedition to Cross Lanes, West Virginia July 7th to August 15th, 1861
Movement to Gauley Bridge, West Virginia August 21st to August 22nd, 1861
Engagement at Cross Lanes, West Virginia August 26th, 1861
Movement to Charleston, West Virginia August 27th to November, 1861
Operations in the Kanawha Valley, West Virginia October 19th to November 16th, 1861
Expedition to Loop Creek & Fayetteville, West Virginia November 1st to 15th, 1861
Skirmish at McCoy's Mill, West Virginia November 15th, 1861

The Year 1862

Affair at Blue's Gap January 6th to 7th.
Winter Camp at Hampton's Heights and Paw Paw Station January through March 7th.
Movement to Winchester, Virginia March 7th to 18th.
Reconnoissance to Strasburg, Virginia March 18th to 21st.
First Battle of Winchester or Battle of Kernstown, Virginia March 23rd
Movement to Fredericksburg, Virginia May 12th to May 21st.
Movement to Front Royal, Virginia May 25th to May 30th.
Battle of Port Republic June 9th.
Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16th to September 2nd.
Movement to Maryland September 6th
Battle of Antietam, Maryland September 17th.
Encampment at Loudon Heights, Virginia September 22nd.
Reconnoissance to Rippon, West Virginia November 8th
Reconnoissance to Charleston, West Virginia December 1st to 6th.
Movement to Stafford's Court House, Virginia December 10th to 14th.
Winter Camp at Dumfries, Virginia December 15th to April 27th, 1863
Engagement at Dumfries, Virginia December 27th.

The Year 1863

General Burnside's 'Mud March' in Virginia January 20th - 24th
Chancellorsville, Virginia Campaign Begins April 27th
Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia May 1st to May 5th.
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Campaign Begins June 11th.
Battle of Gettysburg July 1st to 3rd.
Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Virginia July 5th.
Movement to Bridgeport, Alabama September 24th - October 3rd.
Skirmish at Garrison's Creek, Fosterville, Tenn. October 6th.
Assignment to Reopen the Tennessee River October 26th - 29th.
Battle of Lookout Mountain, Tennessee November 23th - 24th
Engagement on Missionary Ridge, Tennessee November 24th - 25th.
Battle of Ringgold Gap, Georgia November 27th.
Winter Camp at Chatanooga, Tenneessee December 30, 1863 - May 1, 1864

The Year 1864

Campaign against Atlanta begins May 1st
Engagement at Rocky Face Ridge, Georgia May 8th- 11th.
Engagement at Dug Gap, Georgia May 8th.
Battle of Resaca, Georgia May 14th - 15th.
Engagement at Cassville, Georgia May 19th.
Reconnaisance at Pumpkin Vine Creek May 25th.
Battle of Dallas, Georgia May 25th.
Engagement at New Hope Church, Georgia May 25th.
Engagement at Allatoona Hills, Georgia June 5th.
Withdrawl from Active Service July 6th.

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