The Year 1861
18th- General Order #5 was issued to establish Camp Taylor outside of Cleveland, Ohio. The Cleveland Zouarve Light Guards are formed and will become Company A of the 7th Ohio.
20th- Brigade Order #1 which summoned all Militia Companies in northeast Ohio to Camp Taylor.
22nd- The Sprague Zouarve Corps is formed in Cleveland and will become Company B of the 7th Ohio.
25th- The Monroe Rifle Company from Oberlin left town at 2 p.m.. People turned out in mass to bid them farewell. They reached Cleveland and were received with applause from both sides of the street. This unit will become Company C of the 7th Ohio. They had their dinner at Camp Taylor that evening. The Union Guards also arrived in Camp Taylor from Painesville and they will become Company D of the 7th Ohio.
26th- Shortly afternoon a company of men from Huron arrived at Camp Taylor. They will become Company E of the 7th Ohio. The Tyler Guards arrive from Ravenna and will become Company G of the 7th Ohio. Also, a company of men arrived by rail from Franklin Mills (Kent) and these men will become Company F of the 7th Ohio
27th- Company A, Second Brigade, Ninth Division Ohio Volunteer Militia, arrived at Camp Taylor from Warren, Ohio under the command of Captain Joel Asper. This group of men will become Company H of the 7th Ohio. Rained very hard during the night- cool and wet. Minstrels entertained the troops.
28th- Sunday- Some services were held, some companies held drills and some went into camp.
30th- The Seventh Regiment was mustered in for three-month service. Few men, at the beginning of the month, thought that they would be soldiers by the end of the month.
2nd- Special Order #135- all troops at Camp Taylor are to be moved to Camp Dennison in Cincinnati as soon as possible.
3rd- Special Order #146- The Seventh Ohio was to report to Camp Jackson in Columbus until further notice.
4th Lt. Colonel Crane left Camp Taylor at 6 am with 100 men to build barracks at Camp Dennison for the remainder of the regiment. They arrived there at 4 p.m..
5th- Sunday- The Seventh arrived in Columbus at 4:30 p.m., moved to Camp Jackson. Conditions were so bad that Creighton ordered the men to march to the State House. Rained very hard during the evening. Ordered to Camp Dennison with the other troops, left at 5 am.
6th- Arrived at Camp Dennison in late afternoon. There was mud from 2 to 6 inches deep from the continuous rain. Special Order #150. Elections of officers were to take place for the 7th Ohio immediately.
7th- E.B. Tyler from Ravenna was voted Colonel. The day was spent fixing up the camp.
9th- Dress parade was held in the afternoon. Several men dropped out from sunstroke.
10th- Regimental Parade at 4 p.m. Out of several companies on the parade grounds there were 15 men carried off the field suffering from heat exhaustion.
11th- Rained hard all night. Drilled from 2 to 5 p.m. Some men had passes to go to Cincinnati.
12th- Sunday, rain and fog continued all night. Many sick men in camp. Mud is ankle deep.
15th- Rain stopped, very pleasant day. Had dress parade. Went to headquarters to procure muskets.
17th- More regiments begin to arrive at Camp Dennison. Today the 13th Ohio marched into camp. Very hard drill today- busy nearly every hour.
18th- A beautiful day. The 5th and 9th Ohio Volunteer Infantry reported to camp today. Very serious measles outbreak in camp.
19th- Sunday, rained hard in the late afternoon. Captain Crane is in Cleveland. He child is very sick. While there does some recruiting for the regiment. The barracks is in much better shape now. Still waiting on government clothes yet, men are getting very ragged.
20th- Continued rain all day and night the barracks leaked badly. First rumors of movement to Virginia were heard.
21st- A very beautiful day. The members of the regiment voted to be the legal guardians of Colonel Tyler’s daughter Mary, until she is of legal age.
29th- In a letter to his wife Colonel Creighton referred to himself as a fighting ‘rooster’.
1st- The men begin to hear rumors about three-year service. Many debates.
2nd- Sunday, very warm and humid. Troops are very tired.
3rd- Some men permitted to return home on leave. Some officers and politicians upset about the slow rate of three-year enlistment.
4th- Rained harder today than we have ever seen before! The hail was the size of marbles. The wind blew hard enough to move the barracks from its foundation. About 60 of the men have enlisted for three years. They are all on furlough at home. There have been three deaths in the regiment since we arrived, 3 from inflammation of the lungs, and 1 from drowning in the river.
5th- Camp is flooded out.
9th- Sunday- The preacher was Mr. Rodgers from Warren Co., Ohio. The regimental band played after the service.
17th- General McClellan has come to camp for a full review of the troops at Camp Dennison.
19th- The majority of the Seventh enlisted for three years service. This was a very emotional decision for most of the men.
25th- Arms, uniforms, and accoutrements were issued to the men.
26th- At 6 p.m. the Seventh boarded trains to take them to Columbus, there were 45 cars required to haul all of the men, they arrived at midnight.
27th- After stopping in Columbus to take on ammunition, the Seventh, at 3 p.m., reached Bellaire, crossed over to Benwood at noon, and was 4 miles from Wheeling, West Virginia.
28th-Sunday- At 2 am the Regiment left for Grafton, West Virginia and at 3 p.m. reached Clarksburg, West Virginia. All packed up for a march but none knew where they were going.
29th- At 4 p.m. the Regiment began their first march of the war enroute to Weston, West Virginia.
30th- At 5 am Sunday morning the Regiment arrived at Weston. They marched all night and covered 29 miles. Total exhaustion. Many men dropped out for lack of water. One rebel was shot but not killed. 50 prisoners were taken.
1st - In camp- rained all day.
2nd- Dress parade at 5 p.m.- rained most of the day.
4th- Very fine day. Townspeople cooked a large feast for the men.
5th- Reconnaissance to Burnetts Mill- 18 miles.
6th- Ordered on a reconnaissance mission Company D arrived at Jacksonville at 5 p.m.
7th- Companies B and H were sent to Glenville, West Virginia. Morning rain and afternoon sun.
8th- The remainder of the Seventh was ordered to Glenville on a reconnaissance mission. Morning rain, afternoon sun. Company D ordered back to Weston.
9th - After an all night forced march the remainder of the Seventh arrived at Glenville, a distance of 27 miles. Company D arrived from scouting trip at 7 p.m.
11th - Again it rained all day. Rebels flee in all directions. Have captured 20 horses, 2 wagons, and other items. The regiment is used as a scouting party.
14th- Six companies of the Seventh were in Glenville, all others on reconnaissance missions.
21st- Colonel Tyler came in from Glenville and immediately went to Clarksburg. Companies K, H, F, & C were out while Major Casement was in Bulltown with reserve companies E, G, & B. Corporal T.E.W. Adams, of Company C, becomes the first man to be wounded by enemy fire in the regiment. He was on a scouting mission when he was shot in the back.
22nd- Major Casement was to move to Bulltown with reserves.
23rd- The Regiment marched at 6:30 p.m. towards Bulltown, West Virginia a distance of 30 miles. Companies A & D still in Weston.
24th- Reached Bulltown.
25th- Marched passed Salt Lick Bridge a distance of 5 miles to Jacksonville. Some light picket action here. Arrived at 11 p.m., entire Regiment is together again.
26th - More picket action- no one hurt.
27th- The Regiment moved at 3 p.m. through mud and rain to Flatwoods, West Virginia a total of 5 miles. Pitched tents at 11 p.m.
28th- The men reached Sutton at 1:30 p.m., which was another 8 miles march, it was deserted. Rained hard all day.
29th- The men were without rations for two days. Supper consisted of hard bread and coffee.
30th- Regiment was assigned breastworks construction.
31st- Continued building breastworks.
1st -Completed breastwork construction.
2nd- Left Sutton at noon, extremely hot, moved to Birch Mountain another 8 miles. Met 13th Ohio.
3rd- Left camp at 6:30 am and moved to the foot of Powel’s Mountain, 8 miles.
4th- Sunday, little activity. Men went sight seeing to Powel’s Mountain. Most of the men had never seen mountains as magnificent as those in West Virginia.
6th- Crossed Powel Mountain and moved to Big Meadow a distance of 14 miles. Left camp at 5:30 am and set up camp 5 miles from Summersville.
7th- Moved at 3 p.m. to Summersville, West Virginia a march of only 5 miles. Place deserted.
9th- Friday, still in Summersville, drilled most of the day.
10th- Rained most of the day.
11th - More rain, camp miserable. The men are very tired and worn out.
12th- For sanitary reasons camp was moved to higher ground.
13th- Several reconnaissance parties were deployed.
14th - Captain Sprague and his party are captured by the Rebels. The remainder of the regiment was extremely upset with the Sprague incident. The weather was pleasant.
15th - The Regiment was ordered to Cross Lanes, West Virginia a distance of about 7 miles. Left camp at 10:30 am.
16th - Friday, dress parade at 6:30 p.m.
18th - Dress parade at 6 p.m., Company K stationed at Two-Mile Ferry.
19th- Rained exceptionally hard all day.
20th- The Seventh moved to the area around Twenty Mile Creek a distance of about 20 miles. They began at 10 p.m. and arrived at 5 am with no stops. The moon was very bright throughout the night, but rain came again at daylight. The men are wet to the skin.
21st- Arrived at Gauley Bridge a little past midnight. They marched in the rain all day.
22nd- Miserable day soaked to the skin with the rain.
23rd- Still located at Gauley Bridge, its Friday and the sun is shining. New clothing issued to some of the men.
24th- The Regiment moved to Peters Creek. The march, a rapid one, began at 11 am and lasted most of the day. A train of at least 35 wagons followed the troops. Became cold. Enemy pickets could be seen at sunset.
25th- The Regiment moved at 3p.m. back to Cross Lanes. They reached there about dark after a 20-mile march. Picket action. A very slow, methodical march.
26th- General Floyd of the Confederate Army attacked the Regiment at dawn resulting in the Engagement at Cross Lanes. The Seventh Regiment was beaten badly, the Regiment was scattered as five Companies went to Gauley Bridge and the other three Companies went to Charleston a distance of about 50 miles. Confederate officers Colonel Tompkins and Captain Barker took numerous prisoners. Corporal Davis captured a rebel flag.
31st- Half the Regiment reached Charleston while the other half stayed at Gauley Bridge. The camp at Gauley was located on the side of a mountain, just below the bridge, in a cornfield. Mud is knee deep. It has been raining for two days and nights, and it is extremely hot. The band played in front of Creighton’s headquarters at 5 p.m.. Confidence in Tyler has waned since the Cross Lanes affair. The regiment is worn out. They are not used to marching but they are the best when it comes to fighting.
1st- Still at Gauley Bridge. Still split. Over the last several days
5th- Camp at Gauley Bridge is a mess from the continued rain. Over the last several days our forces here have killed about 80 of the enemy. The men of the 7th are mostly sick with sore feet and the lack of shoes and clothes.
9th - Gauley Bridge, rained all day, quarters were in very bad shape.
11th - Severe rainstorm all night. Two companies went out on a scouting mission to an area around Cross Lanes. They intercepted a small group of rebels killing 1 captain, 1 lieutenant, and 1 sergeant. They believed that they were from Georgia.
12th- Sent 30 sick soldiers to Cincinnati today.
13th- The companies at Gauley Bridge moved to Dogwood Gap, West Virginia a distance of 18 miles.
16th- The Regiment was ordered back to Gauley Bridge again another 18-mile march. More rain.
17th- Another day of hard rain.
19th- Tyler orders Creighton to Charleston to relieve Casement. Casement went to Tyler’s headquarters as an adjutant.
22nd- Sent 150 men up the river on a scouting mission.
23rd- Creighton leads 500 men, some from the 7th and the remainder Virginia men. They marched 40 miles and routed the secessionists killing 10 and wounding another 6. While returning to camp 5 men of this party were taken prisoner by enemy cavalry. The unit split and cut them off after a 4 hour pursuit. They were killed and our men returned to safety.
28th- Because of all the rain the Kanawha River has flooded. It is 4 to 6 feet higher than ever before. Had to move camp twice. Small buildings could be seen floating down the river.
1st- Half of the regiment is still in Charleston under Creighton. Company D, under Lts.’ Shepherd & Payne, took a boat to Point Pleasant about 65 miles below Charleston for the purpose of protecting a work crew building a telegraph line to Charleston.
3rd- In Charleston. J. B. Webb, private of Co. B was court marshaled for drunkenness and continued disobedience of orders. Frank Clifford, private of Co. B was court marshaled for absent without leave.
8th- 40 of the men are hospitalized for either mountain fever or severe colds. They are not in good shape. Lt. Robinson of Co. G is believed to be on his last day. DeForrest is sick also. John Wall & O’Cutlar were court marshaled and resigned.
10th- Thursday, the companies at Gauley Bridge were ordered to move to Charleston and rejoin the remainder of the Seventh.
15th- Lt. Colonel Creighton is in camp and in command. (7th Ohio, 9th Virginia, Zouarve). No more than 5 men out of camp from any unit at a given time.
16th- The Regiment was reunited again when the men from Gauley Bridge moved to Charleston, a move of about 38 miles of which 31 were accomplished by boat.
17th- Rained all day.
18th- Traveled onward to Charleston using ferryboats to cross the rivers since most of the bridges were out due to the continued flooded rivers.
19th- Moved another 6 miles and encamped at the foot of Tyler’s Mountain.
20th- Made Charleston late that night- set up camp outside the city.
21st- The men from Gauley Bridge crossed the river on flat boats and finally rejoined the men at Charleston.
23rd-First real cold night of the fall.
25th- Company D held elections to replace Captain Dyer who had been killed at Cross Lanes. Lt. Charles A. Weed was elected to replace Captain Dyer; Sergeant W. D. Shepherd to 1st Lt.; Sergeant Frank Payne to 2nd Lt.
3rd- Left Charleston with 5 days rations. Reached camp of 37th Ohio- spent night.
2nd- General Rosecrans ordered Colonel Tyler to send 500 men from the Seventh to Loop Creek, West Virginia and report to General Benham for temporary duty.
4th- Tyler’s men boarded barges at 9 p.m. and went down the Gauley River to Loop Creek a distance of about 30 miles. Joined a detachment of the 44th Ohio. All baggage left behind. (Blankets, etc). Proceeded up Loop Creek and camped on Coleman’s Farm. Scouts were sent out. The only mishap during the movement to Loop Creek was the loss of John D. Dicks, of Company I, overboard, he was never heard from again.
5th-6th- Stayed at this camp. Scouted enemy position each day reporting to General Benham. Creighton was in charge of 5 companies of the 44th, 2 companies of the 37th, and 5 companies of the 7th.
7th- The Regiment moved 7 or 8 miles up Loop Creek via the mountain paths to Taylor’s farm. The day was beautiful.
8th- Very little to eat- coffee and hard bread.
9th- Commenced raining hard at midnight and rained hard all day.
10th- They moved from Taylor’s farm to an old sawmill a distance of about 18 miles. A bright sunny day.
12th- Thursday, reached Cassidy’s Mill after a forced march and continued to Fayette Court House, West Virginia via Cotton Hill a total of 12 miles.
14th- Pursuit of General Floyd’s men to McCoy’s Mill- heavy skirmish- another 20 miles. Rebels flee.
15th- At Keaton’s Farm- at 1 am began the return march to Loop Creek. Very cold.
16th- Marched through 4” of snow.
17th- At 7 am the Regiment reached Cotton Hill, a march of about 12 miles. Men were without food or shelter.
18th- Moved to Gauley River via Loop Creek approximately 10 miles.
19th- The Regiment boarded barges to take them back to Charleston. It was a 31-mile trip by water. The Campaign in Western Virginia ends. General Floyd never returns.
22nd- Dress parade in camp at 6 p.m.
24th- The first snow of the winter today. Still in Charleston.
28th- Paymaster visited camp today.
30th- Incessant rain all day.
1st - Sunday, the rain continued. Many men held services.
4th- The rain turned to ice and by morning there was a quarter of an inch of ice on everything.
5th- Regimental review in camp.
6th- Brigadier General J. D. Cox takes command of Charleston.
10th- Remained in Charleston until today. The men boarded steamers to take them to Parkersburg via Point Pleasant. (The Fort Wayne and the Stephen Decatur)
11th- Reached Parkersburg and transferred to the railroad depot.
16th- After passing through Cumberland and Patterson Creek on the railroad, the 7th arrives at Green Spring Run. A distance of about 220 miles by rail.
17th- Marched from Green Spring Run to Romney, a distance of about 16 miles from the depot. Camped with the Fifth Ohio that night. Colonel Dunning was in command here- some 5,000 troops.
18th- Remained in Romney for the remainder of December.
The Year 1862
1st - The men remained in camp but life was extremely difficult because of the weather.
6th- Part of the Regiment, under Major Casement, was part of the Blue’s Gap Affair. A march of 32 miles round trip through the mountains resulted in a brief skirmish., the capture of some prisoners, and the expulsion of the Rebel nest. Left camp at midnight and marched through a snowstorm.
7th-10th Remained in camp near Romney. Very cold and windy conditions. Still a few stragglers returning from Blue’s Gap.
10th- Marched from Romney at 10 p.m. and passed through Springfield to Frankfort.
11th - Continued their march until they reached Patterson’s Creek, about 6 mles from Cumberland at 5 p.m. where they went into camp. Twenty-four miles from Romney.
12th-18th Remained in camp near Patterson’s Creek. About 6 to 7 thousand men here. Most of the baggage as at Cumberland.
19th- The Seventh and Fifth Ohio was joined by the 29th and 66th Ohio Regiments. These four Regiments would be together for the next two years.
20th- The camp near Patterson’s Creek was named Camp Kelly and the men remained there.
21st- Rained for 6 days. Lt. Molyneaux is acting Adjutant; DeForest acting as Adjutant General.
28th- A portion of the Seventh was sent by rail to the South branch of the Potomac to confiscate and return with some 1000 bushels of wheat. Still at Patterson’s Creek. The Warren, Ohio newspaper, The Herald, had published a report written by Lt. Casement stating that Colonel Tyler wanted to pull the 7th from Charleston. Tyler, when he found out who wrote the article, called Casement to his tent. Casement admitted sending the article to the Warren paper. Tyler struck Casement and Captain Sterling had to separate them. The next day Casement submitted his resignation. Tyler asked him to reconsider but refused. After learning of the above Creighton also submits his resignation. Creighton calls Tyler a coward and thief.
29th- Casement submits resignation. Creighton meets with Tyler concerning Creighton’s resignation. Does not receive his resignation but writes to his wife for advice. He fears being lauded as a coward.
1st -4th Remained at Camp Kelly.
5th- Under the command of E.B. Tyler the men were ordered to march to French’s Store a distance of 12 miles by rail. Camped on Green Mt. Road. Companies A and D were sent on a scouting party to Phillips Cross Roads a round trip of 40 miles.
6th- After dark on the 5th the men moved again via a small mountain road up the Little Cacapon River a distance of 15 miles and stopped at an old saw mill on Little Cacapon Mountain.
7th- Moved to Pine Laurel then to French’s Store, 5 miles. Camp Sprague.
8th- From French’s Store to Paw Paw Station in a driving storm with no tents or baggage.
13th- At 4 p.m. left camp and crossed the Big Cacapon River on a pontoon bridge arrived at Bloomery Forge at 5 am on the morning of the 14th. Skirmished with Rebel forces briefly. Returned to camp at Paw Paw at 9 p.m.- marching a total of 32 miles! Captain Molyneaux has resigned on a surgeon’s certificate.
14th- Camp equipage arrived- tents were pitched and camp established.
21st- Camp Sam Mill
22nd- Camp decorated with evergreen boughs. General Lander reviews the brigade.
1st- Ordered to Bloomery Gap. Crossed the Big Cacapon on a bridge of wagons.
3rd- General Lander dies. A portion of the Seventh escorts his body to the railroad depot for movement to Washington D.C. Left at noon- very severe snowstorm.
4th- Camp Chase.
5th- The Seventh is now assigned to the 5th Army Corp under General Nathaniel Banks. They become part of General Shields Division, 3rd Brigade. They were transferred 42 miles by rail to Back Creek.
6th- Left Back Creek and marched through Hedgerville and arrived in Martinsburg at Midnight, 11 miles. The paymaster is in camp. Some men receive new clothes.
7th-10th- Remained outside of Martinsburg and camped for three days.
11th - Passed Martinsburg and Big Spring. Moved through Bunker’s Hill and camped at Stevenson’s Depot- 16 miles.
12th - Camped three miles north of Winchester at Camp Hill- 4 miles.
13th- Entered Winchester via Gerardstown and Whitehall. Seventy-four miles from Washington D.C.
14th - The 7th was sent to Front Royal via White Post and Stone Point, 17 miles.
15th - Moved from Front Royal to Middletown, 8 miles.
17th - Skirmish near Fisher’s Hill. The strength of the Regiment was 896 aggregate and 659 available for duty.
18th - Moved through Woodstock to Mt. Jackson then back to Fisher’s Hill.
19th -20th - Was ordered back to camp 3 miles north of Winchester. The march was completed during a terrible thunderstorm. Marched 23 miles in 7 hours. Marched 54 miles in three days.
22nd- The Seventh was held in reserve while the 1st and 2nd Brigades advanced to Winchester. At 5 p.m. the Regiment fell in line and was ordered on the double through Winchester and then back again. It was raining hard all day.
23rd- The men marched through Winchester again on their way to Kernstown, just south of Winchester a distance of 19 miles. The Battle of Kernstown began about 4 p.m. W. R. Creighton is promoted to Colonel.
24th- After a victorious battle the Regiment followed the Rebels south to Cedar Creek. Here they set up camp until April 1st. It rained most of the time and the men stood many hours of guard duty.
28th- Located about 2 miles from Strasburg. Captain Asper is slightly wounded. Captain Burgess runs during the fight, Lt. Steryl runs during the fight, Lt.s’ Kimball & Witter of Companies A & D respectively run during the fight. All of the above have been asked to tender their resignation. Witter has complied and is leaving the regiment tomorrow.
29th- Cold and raw with sleet during the day.
30th- Raining- trees are crusted with ice.
1st - Continued the pursuit of Jackson’s forces to Edenburg having passed through Woodstock. Set up camp back at Strasburg. Moved a total of 10 miles. Jackson’s Headquarters were at Israel Allen’s farm near Hawkinsville. A nice spring day. A Union Sharpshooter shot at Colonel Ashby but the man missed and hit the horse of a young fellow following Ashby. Ashby calmly went back to retrieve the boy and they rode off together. Ahsby’s men burnt the bridge over Stoney Creek in their retreat. Jackson’s army fell back to around Woodstock.
2nd - Marched from Strasburg enroute to New Market. Passed through Woodstock, Eden burg, and Red Banks. The entire army came up and there was a fierce skirmish. Jackson’s forces were located between Hawkinstown and Mt. Jackson and also at Rude’s Hill.
5th- Rained early and then cleared.
6th- Sunday- A Sermon was given at the 7th Regiments headquarters by Professor Wright.
8th- Stormed all day.
9th- Another stormy day- some snow.
10th- The day was a little warmer and sunny.
11th- The men enjoyed a very pleasant day in camp.
12th - They passed through Monterrey, small skirmish here.
13th- Dress Parade at the 7th’s headquarters. It was a nice day and the men heard another Sermon by Professor Wright.
14th- General Inspection
15th- Marched to Columbia Furnace still in pursuit of Jackson’s forces. Warm and cloudy day.
17th- Advanced to New Market while the enemy is still in retreat. Passed through Mount Jackson and Forrestville a distance of 20 miles- skirmish at Stoney Creek. Woke up at 1 am for breakfast. Heavy artillery passed as the men ate. It was a bright moonlight sky. Ordered into line for march at 2:30 am. Crossed Stoney Creek before daylight. Moved slowly until about ½ miles of Mt. Jackson. Moved to the right across a small creek- the rebels had burned the bridge on the pike.
19th- Moved to Sparta.
20th - Reached New Market where they camped for about a week- 4 miles.
21st- Rain for most of the day.
22nd- Creighton is in Washington D.C.
24th- Snowed all day. Still in New market.
26th- At New Market- weather was fine. Camp Woodstock.
27th- Weather was very pleasant- the Valley was in full bloom for the spring.
28th- Another fine spring day.
30th- Camp Throburn.
3rd- The men moved to Harrisonburg- 4 miles. They halted about 3 miles from town.
5th- The Regiment was ordered back to New Market where they setup camp about 6 miles south of town, 10 miles.
7th- Moved near Harrisonburg.
11th- A very beautiful day in camp.
12th- The Regiment was ordered to Fredricksburg, Va. They crossed the Massanutton Mountain Range, the South branch of the Shenandoah River at White House Bridge a distance of 17 miles and halted by a small stream about 8 p.m., near Luray. The force here was made of 10,000 men, 356 wagons, and 2500 horses. The 7th were rear guards.
13th- Tuesday, at 6 am, the Regiment marched on a very smoky warm day. Camped 9 miles north of Luray near Oak Hill.
14th- After marching 15 miles the Seventh reached Front Royal. The day began at 6 am and they reached their destination at 3:30 p.m.- it rained all day.
15th- The Regiment, starting at 9 am, would march another 13 miles today to near Manassas Gap, still enroute to Fredricksburg.
16th- After several hours on the road the men encountered Rebel cavalry and a heavy skirmish ensued. This action occurred at Gaines Cross Roads and the enemy was successfully driven off. It was a pleasant day and the men moved 10 miles.
17th- At 6 am the men began moving again. It was a pleasant day and the men crossed the Rappahannock River at Waterloo Bridge and camped 1 mile southeast of Warrenton at 5:30 p.m., a distance of 16 miles.
18th- It was Sunday and the Regiment was allowed to take the day off and rest and hold services.
19th- At 5 am the men resumed their march to Fredricksburg. At 3 a.m. they reached Warrenton Junction. Some 22 regiments are here. The 7th participated in a mock battle
20th -Today the Regiment would reach Catlett’s Station.
21st- Wednesday, moved out at 6 am, a very warm day and the Regiment reached Fredericksburg at 10:30 p.m.
22nd- After two weeks of constant marching the Regiment was at Fredricksburg. Here General Shields Division would join that of General McDowell’s making a force of 40,000 men, 100 pieces of artillery, and 11,000 horses. To get here the men marched 132 miles in 9 days.
23rd- President Lincoln would review the entire force located at Fredricksburg, including the Seventh. The weather is chilly with scattered showers.
24th- The Brigade was reorganized while in Fredericksburg as follows: the Brigade now included the 5th, 7th, 29th, and 66th Ohio. It was here that Major Casement resigned.
25th- Sunday- The Regiment was ordered back to the Shenandoah Valley to thwart the return of Stonewall Jackson. They left Fredricksburg at noon and marched towards Catlett’s Station, a distance of 12 miles. Roads bad and it was very hot.
26th- Very warm today. The men marched at 5 am and reached Catlett’s Station, a distance of 14 miles, by sundown.
27th- At 7 am the men hit the road again this time reaching Haymarket where they camped. A distance of 15 miles.
28th- Starting today at 5 am the Regiment moved to White Plains a move of another 15 miles.
29th- Left camp at 7 am and reached Rectortown at 11 am. Left Rectortown at 4 p.m. and halted along the road at dark and awaited supplies. Passed through Manassas Gap- 13 miles.
30th - At 6 am the men left camp and marched through Thoroughfare Gap and at 3 p.m. reached Front Royal. Another 15 miles today.
31st- Moved south from Front Royal along the river and passed Piedmont at 9 am and Markham at 4 p.m.
1st- The men were on the move again- after moving out at 5 p.m. the men set up camp again at 9 p.m. enroute to Luray, 7 miles.
2nd- After an all night rain the men moved out at 6 am. They arrived outside of Luray at 6 p.m. were they set up camp. Another 15 miles today.
3rd- Left camp at 7 a.m. and passed through Luray at noon heading south. Set up camp at 2 p.m. moved 8 miles today.
4th- Remained in camp today as it has rained all-night and day. Camp Hope. Have marched 300 miles in the last 24 days. Some are without shoes and even pants. During the entire march the regiment was at ½ rations.
5th- Weather cleared up today as the men moved through Hamburg and camped at Alma- only 4 miles. Moved at 5 am. At 3 p.m. was ordered to move camp because of rebel batteries across the river. Moved about 1 mile.
6th- Left camp at 7 am and moved through Alma to Honeyville where they reached at 7 p.m. Ordered to Port Republic to hold a bridge there.
7th- On the move again the men broke camp at 8 am and marched until 8 p.m. where they set up camp near Conrad’s Store- 15 miles. Passed Columbia Bridge and Naked Creek.
8th- Enroute to Port Republic to keep Jackson and his forces from crossing the river. The men moved at 4 am and marched 4 miles before a meager breakfast of bread and crackers. Continued to Port Republic reaching there at 3 p.m. a distance of 23 miles.
9th- The Battle of Port Republic. Here the men stood proud against overwhelming odds but eventually had to give way to Jackson’s forces. Company B was held in reserve. Still 40 men with no shoes.
10th - After retreating the brigade found themselves about 12 miles from Columbia Bridge. The condition of the men were very bad at this time, 30% of the Regiment was without shoes!
11th - The Regiment reached Hamburg and set up camp there until the 15th. A long march of 40 miles. Passed Conrad’s Bridge.
15th- Left camp at 7 am and moved north of Luray about 4 miles. They set up camp at 4 p.m. a distance of 14 miles.
16th - Moved to Front Royal through Markham and White Plains a move of 14 miles.
17th- At Front Royal. The regiment now consists of 427 men and 13 officers. Less than ½ its original strength.
21st- Broke camp at 6 am and marched until 5 p.m., set up camp east of Rectortown, a distance of 14 miles.
22nd- Set out again at 7 am. Passed through Rectortown and halted at 4 p.m. midway between Rectortown and Salem, another 14 miles.
23rd- Marched at 5 am and passed through White Plains, Thoroughfare Gap, Haymarket, and Manassas Junction. Arrived at Bristoe Station and camped by Broad Run at 5 p.m.- 16 miles.
24th- Camp at Bristoe Station at Manassas Junction. Regiment buys Creighton a new horse, saddle, etc.
25th- Relocated camp about 1 mile for sanitary reasons.
26th - General Shields was relieved of duty for his failure at Port Republic.
27th- The Regiment was ordered to Alexandria. They boarded railroad cars and left Bristoe Station heading east.
28th- The Regiment arrived in Alexandria and set up camp along the Potomac. Camp was between Alexandria and Arlington Heights.
2nd- Very bad rainstorm in camp. Little Washington.
3rd- Grand review of the Regiment by the Commanding Generals, Pope & Banks. After the review a sergeant from the 7th read the brigade the Declaration of Independence. A speech from Chaplin Wright was also heard. All the forts nearby fired salutes. A. G. Riddle, our townsmen and senator visited from Washington.
5th- The men were issued new Springfield rifles to replace their old flintlock muskets. This was a 100% improvement.
6th- Remained in camp and relaxed, wrote letters, and rested.
10th- Speeches were heard from several politicians from Ohio. Governor Dennison and also congressman Thomas Ketchins from Trumbull County were a few.
24th- Finally received orders to join either Pope or McClellan.
25th- The Brigade was ordered to Little Washington to join the forces under General Banks. The men boarded railroad cars bound for Warrenton. Up at 4 am, marched at 7 am to railroad boarded cars at noon and left the station at 4 p.m. arrived in Warrenton at 11:30 p.m.
26th- Saturday- a very warm day and the Seventh camped along the railroad to await orders.
31st- Marched from Warrenton at 6 am, crossed the Rappahannoch River at Waterloo Bridge and camped for the night at 6 p.m. Another very warm day, moved a distance of 16 miles.
1st- Marched to Little Washington and joined Banks’ corps. Started out at 8 am and passed Gaines Cross Roads and arrived at 2 p.m.
2nd- Camped near Sperryville, 16 miles from Warrenton.
3rd- General Pope inspects the entire force here, General Geary replaces General Tyler who is sent to Washington, the Brigade now consists of the following: 5th, 7th, 29th, 66th Ohio; 28th Pa, and Knapps Battery- a total of 1800 men. The Regiment is now part of the Second Corp.
4th- Camped near Little Washington, very hot.
6th - It continues to be very warm. The men move out at 6 am and pass through Sperryville to Woodville. Moved 14 miles today. Arrived at 4 p.m. and set up camp. Slight skirmish with the cavalry.
7th- Again on the road at 6 am. Only moved 4 miles and set up camp at 10 am at Hazel River.
8th- Left camp at 4 am and marched to Culpepper Court House. The heat of the day was suffocating and the men reached their destination at 8 p.m.- only 8 miles.
9th- At 8 am the men marched towards Orange Court House. The heat was exceedingly high and the men suffered greatly. It required 6 hours to march 7 miles and along the way many men died of heat stroke. The Regiment arrived at Cedar Mountain at about 2:30 and the Battle began. The regiment lost more men in this battle than any other regiment on either side. The men marched a short distance from the battlefield and set up camp- 11 miles.
10th- After taking a severe beating at the hands of the Rebels the Seventh returned to Culpepper Court House.
11th- The Seventh was now part of the 2nd Army Corp, 2nd Division, 1st Brigade, General John Geary Commanding. The Brigade consisted of the 5th, 7th, 29th, 66th, Ohio and the 28th Pa.
12th- Received orders to return to Culpepper a distance of 4 miles. Remained there until the 18th.
Second Bull Run Campaign (18th through September 2nd)
18th- The Regiment moved to the north side of the Rappahannoch River. At 4 p.m. they struck tents and loaded their wagons in anticipation to move out but had to wait for the passage of the entire army. They did not move until the next morning.
19th- Tuesday, at 10 am they moved down the Rappahannoch River and assembled into a line of battle, unnecessarily. It was still very warm and dusty- 12 miles today.
20th- The Regiment set up camp at Beverly’s Ford. From here they were ordered into the woods as skirmishers and at dark returned to camp.
21st- While at Beverly’s Ford the Regiment had a light skirmish with the Rebel cavalry. They were ordered to be ready to move at a moment’s notice. Cannonading continued all around them, at 3 p.m. the Rebel cavalry made an offensive at the Ford but was repulsed. At 8 p.m. they were ordered to the left, but with less than a mile covered were halted and set up camp. (Skirmish of Snicker’s Gap)
22nd- At 5 am action started on their right so they moved without breakfast. They moved only two miles and halted, then ordered to the right with the Fifth Ohio to support a battery. At 8 am they moved further right and encamped for the night- 8 miles today.
23rd- At 6 am cannonading was very heavy on their left. At 3 p.m. they were ordered into the woods again as skirmishers. It was raining very hard at this time and the men were soaked. They traveled the worst roads they had seen so far in the war- mud to their ankles. Went into camp at 10 p.m. and rested less than an hour before they were assigned picket duty. Moved another 10 miles today.
24th- Again cannonading from the right awoke the men at 7am. They moved about a mile and halted until about 11 am then started again passing through enemy fire before halting near White Sulfur Springs. After an hour or so they moved on again, marching until about 7 p.m.- 7 miles.
25th- Moved forward to their right then ordered to return. At 5 p.m. the Regiment began to move towards Warrenton down the Mud road and set up camp at 9 p.m., a move of 7 miles.
26th- At 10 am the regiment moved into the woods to await orders. At 9 p.m. the men were on the move again marching from 9 p.m. to 3 am- a march that will long be remembered.
27th- At 10 am the Regiment left camp and marched two miles. Here they were ordered into line of battle and the men rested on their arms. At 2 p.m. the Regiment was again on the move, they passed Bealington Station and at 8 p.m. went into camp near Warrenton Junction- 10 miles.
28th- The Seventh was ordered to Waterloo, here the Second Battle of Bull Run (Second Battle of Mannassas). was fought. The Regiment was off again at 5 am, passed through Warrenton Junction and Catlett’s Station and camped along the railroad tracks- 5 miles. The Seventh did not take an active part in the battle as they were assigned to guard the railroad.
29th- It was Friday and the Regiment moved to Kettle Run- they had not played a key role in the battle.
30th- Fall in was sounded at 4 am when the Rebel cavalry was sighted. No skirmish occurred- they forced marched to Bristoe Station and went on picket duty for the night.
31st- It was Sunday and the men were at Bristoe Station. At 6 am the men were ordered to board the trains and salvage everything they could. They were to burn everything, engine, cars, and depot. With this accomplished the Regiment was ordered to flee the area. At 9 p.m. they marched through Brentsville and arrived near Manassas where they went into camp- 12 miles.
1st - The Regiment marched towards Fairfax Court House, they passed through Centerville, and continued on through a severe thunderstorm which made marching very difficult- only 4 miles today.
2nd- Reached Fairfax Court House and continued 6 miles southeast of town, it was very rough going through high temperatures.
3rd- The men moved to Fort Richardson just beyond Alexandria. General Banks was relieved because of ill health and replaced by General A. S. Williams. It was also on this date that General McClellan became General of the Army. They arrived in Alexandria at 5 p.m. after marching 16 miles in searing heat.
4th- At 10 p.m. the Regiment moved to Georgetown, crossed the Potomac using Aqueduct Bridge, and marched to Tanneytown, near Washington D.C. arriving there at 4 p.m.
5th - Moved to Rockville Md. a distance of 16 miles. It was Saturday and the march began at 2 p.m. and they went into camp at 9 p.m.
6th- At 11 am the Regiment moved out about 3 miles from Rockville and set up camp again. They remained here for the next two days.
9th- At 11 am the men moved to Middlebrook and set up camp at 5 p.m. in a cornfield -covering 7 miles.
10th- The men moved within two miles of Damascus. They began at 9 am and halted at 5 p.m. covering another 7 miles.
11th - Again on the move at 7 am. They moved very slowly and cautiously because they were very close to the enemy. The distance moved all day was only 2 miles.
12th- At 6 am the men moved to Ijamsville. The Second Corp now becomes the 12th Corp. They camped at 6 p.m.
13th- Friday the 13th! At 7 am the Regiment moved to Frederick City a distance of 12 miles. This was the place of the famous lost order of General Lee, which the Union found and made use of during the Battle of Antietam. The men crossed the Monocacy River at 11 am- 5 more miles.
14th- At 8 am the men moved through Frederick City. The Seventh arrived alongside South Mountain at about midnight, the battle there was almost over. They continued to Middletown 16 miles today.
15th- At 9 am the regiment marched over South Mountain through Boonesboro and camped at Keedysburg, not far from Antietam Creek. Halted at 6 p.m. 5 miles.
16th- The Confederate Army, under General Lee, had taken their position on the south side of Antietam Creek awaiting the attack of the Federals. However, the battle was not to take place on this day for various reasons. At 11 o’clock that night the Regiment was awakened and quietly forded the Antietam Creek, they took up position at 3 am and slept until dawn.
17th- The Battle of Antietam.
It was very warm and dry causing great amounts of dust during the troop movements.
This would be the bloodiest day the Western Hemisphere has ever seen.
18th- Geary’s Division remained on the battlefield with arms stacked. The job of helping the wounded and removing the dead was a most gruesome task. At 10 am the Regiment moved into the woods and awaited further orders. The Rebels were on the run. It was quite warm again with severe afternoon thunderstorms.
19th- At 8 am they marched over the battlefield and awaited orders until 5 p.m., they then marched towards Harpers Ferry, arriving at Sandy Hook at about 3 p.m. on the 20th after marching all night. They moved through Sharpsburg and Rohrersville and halted at midnight. It was foggy in the morning but cleared about noon- 14 miles.
21st- At 11 am the men moved out again. This time they waded the Potomac River and went into camp. Another pleasant day.
22nd- The Seventh moved to Loudon Heights and went into camp. The men remained here for about a month. The Regiment received about 150 new recruits from Ohio, which was a welcome site. The men desperately needed the rest to overcome exhaustion that had set in from the past several months of constant marching and fighting.
2nd- The Seventh Regiment was reviewed by President Abraham Lincoln, he was given a 21 gun salute. The day was very warm and dusty.
4th- At 8 am the Regiment relocated their camp for sanitary reasons.
11th - Showers all day and much cooler. A few new recruits arrived in camp today.
20th- The Seventh received orders to ready for another move.
21st- At 2:30 am the Regiment marched from Loudon Heights through Loudon Valley to Lonnetsville where they captured many prisoners by surprise. They covered 20 miles today having passed through Hillsboro and Morrowsville before reaching Lonnetsville.
22nd- Returned the 20 miles to Loudon Heights. Reached camp at 3 p.m. The days were quite cool and dry but very windy. General inspection.
24th- The Regiment was given a general inspection. Fine day but windy.
30th- After remaining in Loudon Heights for a week the Regiment crossed the Potomac and moved to Bolivar Heights. Upon reaching the point camp was set up and the Regiment was sent out on picket duty, another fine day.
31st- Returned to camp from picket duty at 5 p.m., very dusty but mild.
1st - Had general muster of the brigade. It was a pleasant day with still lots of blowing dust. The Regiment remained for several days here in camp. The division stood for review by the commanding officer General John Geary- at 2 p.m. Very cold.
3rd- The weather turned cold and windy, remained here until the 6th.
7th- Still in camp the men were exposed to the first sleet and snow of the winter.
8th- Reconnaissance to Rippon, Virginia.
9th- The men were awakened at 1 am and at 3 am were on their way on a reconnaissance mission through Hallstown and Charlestown and 4 miles beyond, they returned to camp at 8 p.m. traveling 24 miles on a cold day.
14th- Lots of picket action today and the men would carry their arms with them all day. A pleasant day.
15th- A very cool day and it was the Seventh’s turn for picket duty. Returned to camp at 7 p.m.
16th- The Regiment was assigned road-building duty. At 8 am they marched a short distance and participated in the construction of a new road. Two men had their legs broken by falling trees today. They returned to camp at 6 p.m. Very cool in the morning with afternoon showers.
17th - At 8 am the Regiment left camp to participate in the road crew again. They worked until 5 p.m. when they returned to camp. The work was very difficult because it rained all day. Rebel pickets could be seen near there for most of the day.
18th- The day was a repeat of the 17th, roadwork during a misty rain all day. Again returned to camp at 5 p.m. The remainder of the month was spent in much the same fashion.
19th- One of the men of the 29th Ohio Regiment was branded and sent out of camp today.
21st- Very pleasant today, continued on the road crew as usual.
23rd- Another general inspection of the Regiment was held today.
26th- Wednesday- it had rained all night and had turned cool.
27th- Thanksgiving Day- Fair weather today and most men enjoyed the feasts today.
2nd- The Seventh was sent on a reconnaissance mission to Winchester, Va. They left camp at 6:30 am and at 8:30 reached Berryville and was engaged in a heavy skirmish with the Rebel cavalry. Camped at 6 p.m. after passing through Hallsville and Charlestown- 21 miles. The mission included 3200 men and 12 pieces of artillery.
3rd- Wednesday- the men crossed the Opequon Creek still enroute to Winchester. The Regiment only moved about 6 miles along the creek before they camped.
4th- The men reached Winchester but an epidemic of Small Pox prevented them from entering the town. A small skirmish ensued and the men captured 118 prisoners. At about 3 p.m. the Regiment started their return to Harpers Ferry- 17 miles on the day.
5th- The men bivouacked in a terrible snow storm with little or no protection from the elements. They left camp at 7 am and passed through Bunker Hill- a distance of 13 miles and went into camp at 3 p.m.
6th- Saturday- Returned to Bolivar Heights where they remained for the next few days. The day began at 7 am and they proceeded over partially frozen roads most of the day. They arrived at Bolivar Heights at 3 p.m. after passing through Charlestown and Hallstown- 12 miles.
10th- The 12th Corp left Bolivar Heights at 8 am enroute to Dumfries, Va. They passed through Bolivar, Harper’s Ferry, and crossed the Shenandoah River into Pleasant Valley. They continued through Hillsboro and Majorsville, a total of 13 miles.
11th - At 5 am the Regiment was on the move again. They marched through Wheatland and Leesburg, it was a pleasant day and they covered about 15 miles.
12th- They continued towards Dumfries and moved through Goose Creek, Aldie, and Gum Springs and encamped. It was a mild but foggy day- 7 miles.
13th- Up again at 5 am and moved at 7 am. Passed through Centerville and Fairfax and encamped for the night. It was a beautiful cloudless day - 14 miles today.
14th- At 7 am the men passed Fairfax Court House and on to Fairfax Station. Continued for 8 miles and camped for the night. Another nice day for December.
15th- Crossed Opequon Creek at Wolfe Run Ford and continued towards Dumfries. Sunny but windy today- 12 miles.
16th- At 4 am the Regiment was awakened by a severe thunderstorm. At 7 am the men were on the move again but it proved to be fruitless and after 10 hours of marching through the mud they had covered only 2 miles. They set up camp and the Seventh was assigned picket duty.
17th- Continued towards Dumfries. The Regiment was so exhausted from the day before that they only marched for three hours, it was a fine warm day.
18th- At 10 am the Regiment finally arrived at Dumfries. Here the men set up camp for winter camp.
27th- Jeb Stuart’s cavalry made a hard charge against the Regiment but was repulsed with numerous losses. Battle of Dumfries, Va. Regimental strength set at 312 active men.
28th- The Seventh Ohio remained in winter camp at Dumfries until April 20th 1863. During their stay some of the prisoners taken at Cross Lanes were returned to the Regiment. This was a great boost in morale. The men were busied during their stay by standing picket duty marching on some reconnaissance missions, and working on road crews.
29th- General Inspection.
The Year 1863
1st-In camp at Dumfries, Prince Williams County, Virginia. Very nice day. Emancipation of the slaves today as President Lincoln declared in his Proclamation.
2nd- Very nice day.
3rd- Sunday- services held. Dumfries has been the victim of soldiers burning and passing through here. Much destruction has happened.
4th- Lt. King is dismissed for drunkenness.
6th- News of Rosecrans victory at the Battle of Stones River.
7th- Only three regiments remain here. Al others have moved to another location.
8th- The regiment is due to be paid off today. Crane and some of his men are chopping wood for a new fort. Captain Reed sent his resignation to Colonel Creighton. Lt. Eaton is now working in Warren, Ohio at the Herald.
10th- The men are upset because the paymaster has yet to arrive. Picket duty rotates the men every five days.
11th- The weather is still very nice for January. Rumors are heard that the rebels will try to unseat us from here soon.
13th- Finally received orders to build winter quarters here in Dumfries.
14th- The construction of winter quarters begins. There are plenty of hills, which are covered in thick pine trees for shelter and firewood. Plenty of good water is also nearby.
15th- A very windy day but no rain.
18th- The regiment is detailed for picket duty.
19th- Very pleasant day.
20th- The 20th Army Corp passed through last night on their way to Aquia Landing.
21st- Troops continue to pass as it rains all day and night.
22nd- Everything is very wet as the rain continues to fall. The roads are very deep in mud. The men have picket duty.
23rd- The paymaster has finally arrived. It has been nearly six months since the men have been paid.
25th- The men have drill in the morning and dress parade around 6 p.m..
28th—Nasty day. The weather has turned sour and snow has covered the ground. A mixture of freezing rain and snow
29th- Another day of rain and snow- the ground is covered and the mud is thick.
31st- The 7th was detailed to cut fire wood for the brigade. It was trying work in the mud and snow.
1st- The regiment had general inspection today.
3rd- Very, very cold day.
6th- Snowed hard all last evening and this morning.
10th- The men had dress parade at about 6 in the evening.
13th- The men were detailed to cut wood again for the campfires. Hard and treacherous work in the cold and mud.
17th- The snow is ankle deep everywhere.
22nd- Everything is covered in snow. The pines on the hills are a beautiful sight. The men suffer somewhat in the cold damp conditions.
26th- A rainy day. Conditions worsen with the melting snow.
28th- The regiment had monthly inspection today. Crane leaves for home on leave.
3rd- Camp is comfortable and the men enjoyed camp. Have good food, water, and sanitary conditions. Provisions include soft bread four days a week, beef, pork, beans, rice, potatoes, coffee, sugar, dried apples, and sometimes tea and molasses.
5th- Rained very hard all day. The men could here cannonading far in the distance towards Fairfax.
6th- Kreiger is promoted to Captain.
8th- Dress parade in the evening.
10th- Another miserable rainy day.
12th- Rumors that a rebel attack would come today. Everyone ready but it never materializes.
15th- The General establishes camp guards in addition to picket duty. It comprises 15 privates and 3 non commissioned officers every day.
16th- Cold and more snow. Lt. Sheppard will have to resign for ill health. Charles Brooks appointed Adjutant from Company H., Lt. Colonel Asper is mustered out of the service by the War Department.
20th- Creighton applies for leave of absence because his wife is very ill at home.
21st- Still in winter camp at Dumfries. The mud has now reached an inch or so above the ankle. It still rains and snows about every other day.
23rd- A little warmer today and no precipitation.
24th- Dress parade at six p.m..
26th- There are only about 150 men fit for duty in the 7th. With the guard duty and the picket structured as it is there are 27 pickets and 18 camp guards required every day. About every third or fourth day the men must pull one duty or the other.
27th- Grand Inspection. Creighton is refused leave and submits his resignation.
28th- Rain and thunder in the morning. Camp is a disaster.
29th- Weather very cool today. Creightons resignation is disapproved by Major General Slocum.
30th- Part of the regiment was assigned forage duty for wood. General Geary approves 15 day leave of absence for Creighton.
2nd- Battalion drill in the morning and dress parade at six in the evening.
4th- The snow returns.
9th- One hour of Battalion drill and then dress parade.
11th- In the evening the men had dress parade again.
12th- Again inspection and dress parade.
14th- Ordered to draw eight days rations. It was finally a beautiful day. Was supposed to draw clothing today also.
15th- Still in Dumfries- very chilly and rainy.
16th- The sun hasn’t shined for days.
18th- Company drill and dress parade in the evening.
19- At 4 p.m. the men had dress parade again.
20th- At 6 am the Regiment receiver orders to move and at 10 am commenced their move from Dumfries, their winter quarters, enroute to Chancellorsville, Virginia. They headed out in the direction of Aquia Creek. It rained for most of the day making their march very difficult. Only moved about 6 miles because of the mud on the roads.
21st- The Regiment reached Hartwood Church. Just before noon Colonel Candy, of the 5th Ohio, was thrown from his horse and broke his arm.
22nd- Marched through Stafford’s Court House, where General Slocum has his headquarters in the Court House. A large number of troops here. Camped a mile past Aquia Creek. Moved about 8 miles today. A cool morning but warm afternoon.
23rd- Regiment arrived at Aquia Landing at 2 o’clock p.m.- 20 miles in 3 days. Had to cut some new roads for the wagon trains. Camped 1 ½ miles from the Landing- 12 miles from Fredericksburg. Large number of troops in all directions. Balloons can be seen off in the distance. Under orders with 8 days rations. All hope Hooker will not be another McClelland.
25th- Still in camp. Had company inspection today.
26th- The weather is finally warm today. A welcome feeling. Remained in camp next to the creek.
27th- The regiment moved at 6 am towards Stafford’s Court House. Changed direction towards the Rappahannoch River. The men were again paid today. Reached Kelly’s Ford on the Rappahannoch River. It was a fine day. Moved about 14 miles today.
29th- Troops from various Corps crossed the river all night. The 7th crossed in the early morning hours. Did not set up camp until after midnight. The morning was misty with fog but in the afternoon there were thunderstorms.
30th- A very early start for the regiment. Moved towards Chancellorsville reaching there at 2 p.m. and awaited further orders. Captured about 300-400 rebel prisoners during the day. The entire regiment was placed on picket duty at dusk. The day was misty and cold, but pleasant in the evening.
1st -5th The Battle of Chancellorsville. Battle begins at 12:15 p.m.
2nd- General Jackson is mistaken for a Union officer and a single rebel sharpshooter fires, wounding the General. He dies on the 10th of May. A big blow to the rebel cause.
6th- The Regiment, in retreat, crossed the Rappahannoch at U. S. Ford using pontoon bridges. This is in itself quite a feat since it had been raining most of the day and night, making the crossing very dangerous.
7th- Arrived in Aquia Landing and immediately went into camp. The Regiment moved at 6 am and passed Hartwood Church and Staffordshire. Rain continued for most of the day.
8th- 31st The men remained at Aquia Landing to recuperate from the battle.
1-2nd- Still at Aquia Landing.
3rd- Moved camp again. The dust is like a cloud over camp.
4th- Reveille at 4:30 o’clock. Picket duty and camp cleanup.
5th- About 4 p.m. could hear cannonading in the distance. Payday.
6th- Regiment drilled before breakfast. Rained briefly in the morning.
7th- Monthly inspection of the regiment. The men were paid today by Major Haskins. Ironically it would be the last pay the men would receive in 1863.
8th- Drilled for an hour this morning. Brigade drill this afternoon. Police duty and digging ditches occupied the men.
9th- The division fell in at 8 am. Marched to Aquia Landing and was reviewed by General Geary, Green, and Slocum. Returned to camp at about 10 p.m.. The men think it was the best review they have been in to date.
10th- Guard duty over the livestock. General work duty around camp.
11th- Brigade drill in the afternoon with Colonel Candy of the 5th Ohio. General Geary spoke and congratulating the brigade for duty at Chancellorsville. Orders issued to be ready to march the next morning. Clouds of dust cover everything.
12th- Received orders at 5 p.m. to move. Thunder and lighting fill the sky. Marched all night. While here the men contributed in building two small forts.
13th- The Regiment left camp at 8 p.m. and marched all night, past Stafford’s Court House. They reached Dumfries about 6 am this morning.
14th- Remained in Dumfries to rest after their 15-mile overnight march.
15th- The men halted four miles from Dumfries for breakfast. Rested a short time at Occoquan Creek- ate dinner. Reached Fairfax Court House at 9 p.m.. The heat was very exhausting and it took a toll on General Geary’s men. Today they would march 25 miles in the heat causing at least 15 men to die from heat stroke and exhaustion.
16th- Changed camp location- much improved. The 6th Corps is also present here. Orders to be ready to move at a moments notice.
17th- General Lee now heading for Pennsylvania and the Seventh was part of the Union force sent to meet him. Left Fairfax Court House at 5 am. 1st Division in advance. Weather is still very hot. Stopped at noon- today they would march to Dranesville, a distance of 11 miles.
18th- Started the march at 8 am. Moved seventeen miles to near Leesburg. Rained very hard last night. Roads are next to impassable. Very Hot.
19th- In camp near Leesburg. Witnessed three deserters executed- 2 from the 46th Pa. and 1 from the 13th New Jersey. They were placed on their coffins and a squad of 12 soldiers fired at each, one half of the guns were loaded, the others not. The men were marched by the coffins after they were shot. Their names were Kumbert, McKee, and Grouver.
20th- Rained very hard last night and this morning but nice this afternoon. Camp is located about 5 miles from the Potomac River. Beautiful place with plenty of wood and water.
21st- Company inspection this morning. Heavy firing to the west of our position. Another fine day. The men are upset with the rebels moving into Maryland.
22nd- Relocated camp into a field behind General Geary’s headquarters, very nice place, close to the Alexandria Railroad.
23rd- Battalion drill at 3 p.m. today. Several men under arrest for burning an old mill and house near camp. Very nice day.
24th- Quiet day. Packed and ready to move.
25th- Regiment cleaned guns and their quarters. Began raining at 3 p.m.. General inspection in the morning.
26th- After waiting to see what Lee would do the regiment was put into motion again. Broke camp at 3 am. This time across the Potomac River at Edwards Ferry a distance of 15 miles. Passed Poolesville. Spent the night at Monocacy Aqueduct. Rained all day. General Hooker passed the regiment early this morning. The 11th, 1st, and 3rd corps are ahead.
27th - The Regiment moved from near Monocacy River via Points of Rock, at noon, to Knoxville, Md. a total of 18 miles. Moved at 4:30 am and passed Petersville and Parkersburg. Did not reach Knoxville until 11 p.m..
28th - Regiment marched from Knoxville, at 7 am, to Frederick City passing through Jefferson, arriving at 4:30, a total of 12 miles. Rumor is that Hooker will be relieved.
29th - Broke camp at 5 am. Marched to Bruceville from Frederick City a march of 18 miles. Continued to Tanneytown, another 5 miles. Passed Walkersville, Woodboro, and Bruceville. Hooker relieved of duty and replaced by General Meade. Had to wait until the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Corps wagons passed.
30th- Moved from Tanneytown to Littlestown, 12 miles. Left camp at 5 am. Arrived at Littlestown at 5 p.m.. Rained most of the day. Passed the 3rd Corps along the way. People very kind and giving and selling provisions along the way.
1st-Wednesday- Left camp at Littlestown at 11 am. Moved down the Gettysburg Pike a distance of 4 miles. Learned that General Reynolds had been killed. Advanced to Two Taverns to align in battle array. More than a thousand prisoners passed by. Many wounded were moved to the rear. The wagon train of the army is estimated to be 200 miles long. Moved to the area around Little Round Top Mountain. Regimental strength was set at 265 men.
2nd-4th - Battle of Gettysburg
To get to Gettysburg the Regiment marched 150 miles in 12 days, an average of 12.5 miles per day.
5th- Moved on the Baltimore Pike back to Littlestown in pursuit of General Lee, arrived at dark. They left the battlefield at 1 p.m.. It had stormed very hard the night before and Lee and his army had slipped away. Wagon train went to West Minster for more ammunition.
6th- The Regiment remained at Littlestown under orders to see what Lee might do next. Very misty fog in the morning but cleared in the afternoon. Wagons returned full of ammunition.
7th- At 4:30 am the men moved to Walkersville, a distance of 8 miles. More rain in the afternoon and again at night. The roads were so muddy men could hardly walk. Camped 2 miles from Woodbury- 26 miles today.
8th- In pursuit of Lee the men passed through Walkersville, a distance of 20 miles. More rain in the afternoon and again at night. Stayed in Jefferson, Md. The men passed the body of the spy Richardson as he hung from a tree outside of town. Heard Vicksburg has surrendered.
9th- The command passed through Burkettsville and Compton’s Gap enroute to Boonesboro, camped at 1 p.m.. Fine day but extremely warm. A distance of 10 miles.
10th- Sentiment ran high as the Seventh camped on the old Antietam Battlefield. Passed through Cranesville and Smoketown- the men found the grave of E.W. Goodsell of Co. C. Guard duty protecting livestock.
11th - The men moved from Bakersville to Fairplay and Jones Cross Roads, 10 miles. Brigade drill in the afternoon. General Geary spoke and congratulations was given.
12th- Moved a short distance up river in line of battle and remained there the remainder of the day. Rained hard in the evening.
13th- The regiment was awakened very early. The command felt that Lee may make another attack so they fell back and built a system of breastworks.
14th- After marching 9 miles to Williamsport, via Falling Waters, the Regiment was engaged in a skirmish. - Lee had fooled the Union Generals and during the night moved off towards Virginia.
15th - A pursuit of Lee was ordered. The men arrived at Sandy Hook a distance of 26 miles in a day. Began the march at 5 am. Passed through Fairplay and Bakersville. Rained all night off and on.
16th- Started out at daybreak. From Sandy Hook to Pleasant Valley, 2 miles. Crossed the river via a pontoon bridge. The iron railroad bridge was purposely destroyed for fear of the rebels would take it at a later date. Terrible riots in New York city over the draft.
17th- Remained at Pleasant Valley. Rained until noon.
18th- Still at Pleasant Valley awaiting orders. Very hot. The trains are crossing the Potomac day and night. There seems to be no end of them.
19th - Still in pursuit of Lee the Regiment left Pleasant Valley and crossed the Potomac at Harpers Ferry, marching 12 miles to Hillsboro. Went into camp at 3 p.m.. The weather was warm.
20th - Marched from Hillsboro to Woodgrove, 7 miles, from Woodgrove to Snickersville, 9 miles. The men noved at 7 am and camped at 5 p.m..
21st- Still in camp at Snickersville. Many men are placed under arrest for stealing from the local townspeople. Most are punished during the next days march as they are forced to carry rails from camp to camp. Very warm.
22nd- Had company inspection in the morning, remained in Snickersville. The rest is well received.
23rd- After staying at Snickers Gap a few days they marched 30 miles passing Upperville and arrived at Ashby’s Gap at 1 p.m. and set up camp. At 2 p.m. started to move again and passed through Ashby’s gap moving towards Manassas passing Markham Station about 4 p.m.. Arrived at Manassas at 8 p.m. but continued until 9 p.m.. Camp was set up and the men went to bed without supper at 10 p.m..
24th- Marched through Manassas Gap, Linden Station, and reached Piedmont, a distance of 20 miles. The bugle sounded at 2 am, moved at 3 am this morning. Roads very hilly and in bad shape. Came to Manassas Railroad but the rebels had torn it up. Passed Colonel Ashby’s residence in Markham Station. Stopped at 9 p.m. about 7 miles from Front Royal
25th- Still in pursuit of Lee, the Regiment moved through Rectortown, White Plains at 1 p.m., Thoroughfare Gap, and Greenwich. Up at very early hour- 2 am, started on the move at 4 am. The regiment is assigned wagon guard. Another 13 miles.
26th- Moved through Haymarket (nothing remains standing except a church- all other structures burnt down), Gainsville, and Catletts Station a distance of 10 more miles. rained very hard last night. Clear and cool this morning. Water is a scarce commodity here.
27th- Continuing the pursuit of Lee the men reached Warrenton Junction and remained there for a few days. Large trains of cars bring in supplies. They covered a distance of 15 miles today. Very cloudy. Rumors that Colonel John Morgan was captured. Must travel two miles from camp to get drinking water.
28th- Still in camp at Warrenton Junction. Rained briefly last night, clear today.
30th- Rained hard during the night. Roads are a sea of mud.
31st - Up at 5 am, breakfast at 6 am, marched at 7 am, to Kelly’s Ford via Elk River and Morrisville, very hot-20 miles. Crossed the river and chased some rebel pickets until they disappeared. Camped for the night on this side of the river.
1st - The Seventh recrossed the Rappahannoch at Kelly’s Ford. Still excessively hot. Could here heavy firing off in the distance towards Culpepper.
2nd- Received marching orders at 4 am. Marched 4 miles and went into camp at Hartwood Church. Hottest of the year to date. Many troops die from heat stroke.
3rd- Hot. Moved the camp to a better location. Most of the regiment on picket duty.
4th- Rained very hard today. Supplies of water, wood, and food are plentiful here.
5th- Still in camp- another hot day. Some picket duty. Rained very hard early in the day but cleared off nicely.
6th- Spent day cleaning the equipment. Had a concert that evening. Regiment had picket duty until 4 p.m.. The sick was all sent to Washington, D.C. to the hospitals there.
7th- More rain and more picket duty.
8th- Excessively hot- the men suffer. Rained during the night.
10th- More picket duty.
11th- Still in camp. Hottest day of the year. General Inspection in the morning. General Geary and his aides inspect the regiment on horseback.
12th- Moved camp again for better sanitary conditions. Cooler day- had picket duty.
13th- Rained during the night and this morning.
14th- Another warm day.
15th- Received marching orders at 2 p.m.. Three days rations are to be taken.
16th-President Lincoln, fearing the possibility of riots in New York City when he announced the first draft for Union soldiers, requested that several Regiments be sent there to quell any such riots. The Seventh Regiment was one that was chosen. Reveille at 4 am- the men marched, at 5 am, to Rappahannoch Station, a 5 hour march, where they boarded rail cars, at 1 p.m., bound for Alexandria, which they reached at 6 p.m. The 5th, 29th, and 66th Ohio were with them, as were the 4th & 8th Ohio of the 1st Division.
17th- Camp is adjoining an open common where all the filth from the city is dumped. The stench is intolerable. There are regiments from Minnesota, Indiana, and Wisconsin here. Relatively cool day.
18th- Remained in camp. Temperature ranges around the 100-degree mark each day. Many of the regiment are drunk- all the sick, wounded, and paroled prisoners are returned to camp.
19th- Still at Alexandria. Have not been paid off this month.
20th- All are anxious to leave this camp. Still oppressively hot.
21st- Payday for the regiment. Still in camp.
22nd- At noon the regiment received orders to be ready to embark on transports at 2 p.m.. Marched down King St., Alexandria to the pier where the men boarded the steamer Baltic heading for New York City. The entire brigade was loaded- 1800 men in total.
23rd- At 7 am the Baltic left Alexandria. The men were happy to get out of the way of the Potomac and to ‘shake the dust off of their butts’. When approximately half way to Norfolk the ship run aground on a sandbar. A tug and another steamer attempted to get the ship dislodged but was unsuccessful.
24th- At high tide (9:30 am), another attempt was made with the help of 2 additional tug boats- still unsuccessful. While awaiting additional help about 150 officers were taken to shore for relaxation. They returned to the Baltic at 8:30 p.m.. Playing cards and Champaign were enjoyed.
25th- Soon after breakfast the 66th Ohio and part of the 5th Michigan and the 7th Ohio were ordered aboard the Forest City- a passenger boat sent from Washington, DC. Gail force winds hampered any movement.
26th- Still aboard the Forest City. Very cool- lunch consisted of boiled pork and hard bread.
27th- Full tide this morning has freed the Baltic from the sandbar. The men reboarded the Baltic. A tug boat from Washington brought rations, peaches, and a variety of foodstuff at 2 p.m..
28th- The anchor was raised at 4 am they sailed down the Chesapeake, passed the mouths of the James and York Rivers. Saw Fortress Monroe in the distance. About 10 o’clock, left the bay and came into the open Atlantic. Very soon the boys were seen going to the side of the ship to dispose of their breakfast. That evening they saw a beautiful ocean sunset.
29th-Arrived in New York Harbor at 1 o’clock p.m.. Reached Governors Island where they stayed and put up tents. Brooklyn, New York City, and the whole harbor with a vast amount of shipping could be seen.
30th- Rained hard during the night.
31st- In camp at Governors Island. Inspection by Colonel Candy. Had dress parade about 4 p.m.. Boats and steamers are covering the harbor.
1st- Weather is very pleasant. The regiment only has to be at roll call and the rest of the day is free. They have one pass a day to go to the city. Still at Govenor’s Island.
2nd- Still in camp. Hot day. Company drill and dress parade at 1 p.m..
3rd- The regiment drilled from 6:30 to 7:30 am and again from 4 to 5 p.m.. Soft bread is available for the first time since entering the service. Still warm.
4th- Wharf duty today. Company drill for about 2 hours- very comfortable day. Had dress parade at 6 p.m..
5th- Drilled for two hours in the am. Another dress parade at 6 p.m..
6th- Ordered to be ready to march and have turned over to the Quartermaster all things we do not need.
7th- We are under marching orders and have 5 days rations but do not move.
8th- Left New York Harbor aboard the Baltic bound for Alexandria. A very fine day for sailing. The harbor is full of shipping. Left the Island about 10 am- took a tug back about 2 miles to the Baltic.
9th- The sea is calm and the regiment is having a fine sail. The 4th and 8th Ohio is also aboard. The ‘Baltic is out of sight of land. Anchored near Fort Monroe late in the night.
10th- Entered the Chesapeake this morning and took on a pilot. Came to the mouth of the Potomac and got another pilot. Anchored near Dumfries that night.
11th- Started very early. Passed Mt. Vernon- the house of George Washington. Arrived in Alexandria about 10 o’clock and soon disembarked. The horses were raised in a sling over the side of the boat and lowered into another. Set up camp south of town.
12th- We have orders to march to the Rappahannock tomorrow. Heavy rainstorm hit around 5 o’clock p.m.. The brigade was visited by Salmon P. Chase, Secretary of The Treasury.
13th- The Regiment was ordered back to the front again. They began their return on this day by marching at 8 am. Rained until about 9 a.m. Moved down the Leesburg Pike. They camped in an orchard about 10 miles into the march. Arriving outside of Fairfax Court House about 2 p.m.- roads very muddy. Captain McClelland in command- Creighton & Crane in Washington DC. Companies A, B, & F had picket duty last night.
14th- Broke camp at 6 am. Not knowing what their destination was they passed through Fairfax Court House and Centerville and across the old Bull Run Battlefield before reaching Manassas where they camped. Water was very scarce and it was very hot. Moved 18 miles today.
15th- The men awoke to the drums. Passed through Manassas at 6 am, through Broad Run, Bristoe Station, and Catletts Station before setting up camp near Warrenton Junction. Moved 15 miles without food. Almost no water to be found. Very hot and dusty.
16th- The Regiment left camp at 6 am and crossed the Rappahannoch again and moved to within 2 miles of Brandy Station where camp was set up near Stephensburg, very muddy- drinking water still hard to find. Part of the regiment had picket duty. Moved 18 miles today.
17th- Up at 3 am, breakfast at 5 am, and on the march at 8 am. Exactly one year after the Battle of Antietam the Seventh rejoined General Geary’s forces at Raccoon Ford on the Rapidan River. Moved about 9 miles. The Seventh formed the ambulance train of the 12th Corps. Moved three miles more and joined the 12th Corps and received more ammunition. Some rain today.
18th- Rained all night and most of the day. At 2 p.m. was ordered to witness the execution of two deserters from the 18th NYI. One did not die until the 3rd firing from a squad from the 28th Pa. The executed men were buried face down in their coffins so they coould not look toward heaven. It was a very difficult day. General Slocum rode up before they were shot but turned his horse away before the order to fire was given.
19th- Some of the regiment had picket duty. About 4 p.m. musketry was heard and they were ordered to break tents and fall in. It was later learned that the Union Cavalry was target shooting. They broke ranks and erected their tents again. Still at Raccoon Ford. Men who did not witness the previous days execution were given picket duty as punishment.
20th- General inspection this morning. Sunny but cool. Still waiting for the wagons to bring the winter goods that were left in Dumfries last spring.
21st- Sunny and cool. Some of the regiment had their pictures taken.
22nd- Heard news of hard fighting at Chickamauga.
23rd- The Regiment remained by the Rapidan River. However, due to the fact that General Rosecrans was defeated at Chickamauga the Seventh was now ordered to the South. The regiment was called to ‘present Arms’ in honor of Sir Henry Holland- he is Queen Victoria’s surgeon. Very cool night. Court marshal’s all day.
24th- After dinner orders were given to pack up and be ready for movement. Eight days rations were issued. The men left camp at 3 p.m. and moved until midnight and camped near Stevensburg. The entire corps is here together- no news on their destination. Resting 4 miles from the Rapidan, passed Greeneville and crossed Cedar Run, 4 miles from Brandy Station.
25th- Moved at 6 am and came to Brandy Station about 11 am . Two months pay was issued to the men. The regiment had to wait on the railroad cars to go to Alexandria. Our baggage and sick have been sent ahead. Rumors have it we are headed to Tennessee.
26th- Reveille at 5 am- crossed the Rappahannock and moved to Bealton. Moved 10 miles before 10 o’clock. Under command of General Williams- General Slocum resigns.
27th- The men boarded railroad cars at Bealton at 2 p.m. enroute to Alexandria where they arrived just before dark. There are no seats on the train, 35 men in each car. Some of the regiment ventured into Washington, DC. Remained in Washington until about midnight.
28th- Reached Cumberland at 6 p.m. after having traveled all night and day. Passed through Harpers Ferry (about noon), Martinsburg, etc. At Martinsburg they were given coffee & bread. Beautiful scenery abounds. The railroad follows the river. People cheer and waive handkerchiefs along the route. Hooker is in command.
29th- Passed Grafton, Va. at noon. Stopped for dinner. One man from Co. B tried to jump off of the cars but slipped and the car passed over one of his legs- it will be amputated (Sgt. Onge Mitchell of Co. B- known to the men as Santa). After dinner they resumed their ride. Passed through Kingwood Tunnel which is 1 ¼ miles in length. Arrived at Bellaire, Ohio at 10 o’clock p.m. after crossing the river on a pontoon bridge. Bellaire is said to be a secesh hangout.
30th- Left Bellaire at 10 am. Passed Zanesville. One soldier died from being hit by the bridge.
1st- Arrived in Columbus at 6 am but did not stay. They continued their journey and departed for Indianapolis, Ind.
2nd- Left Richmond, Ind. at 10 p.m. and went only 5 miles to Centerville. At daylight the townspeople brought provisions and invited many soldiers home for breakfast. The young ladies sang patriotic songs at the depot. The train arrived in Indianapolis at noon. Ate dinner there and reboarded the cars at dark.
3rd- Moved to Jeffersonville, Ind. and crossed the river to Louisville, Ky on a ferry boat and marched through the city to the depot. Remained in town until about 11 am- very pleasant place. When they left the city, about 1 p.m., each car had 40 men in it and it was very crowded. Stopped at Elizabethtown and while there six full trains passed us by. Wild and beautiful country.
4th- Arrived in Nashville at daybreak. Nashville is a fine looking town with the capital sitting on a hilltop. Left Nashville at 10 am and passed through La Verge and Murfreesboro. Passed Wartrace, Christiana, and onto Tullahoma. After arriving the men were ordered to stack arms and prepare for an attack from the rebel cavalry. Lt. Lockwood is in command. 9th Ohio Battery is also here.
5th- Put up camp expecting to stay. Were ordered to move in belief the Murfreesboro was going to be attached. The war has used up Tullahoma. Parts of the 9th Ohio Battery and part of the 33rd Ind. Regiment is here also. At 11 p.m. the men were ordered to board a train. The 66th and the 7th Ohio and one piece of artillery moved 9 miles to a bridge over the Duck Creek river. Very cold night with little or no sleep.
6th- The 28th, 147th Pa., and the 33rd Ind. are at Duck Creek along with the 7th, 6th, and 66th Ohio all under the command of Colonel Colburn of the 37th Ind. At noon the 7th and 66th was ordered on board the cars and were moved to within a ½ mile of Wartrace. After two hours 1500 Union cavalry came in. The regiment then came down on the cars to within sight of the bridge- (Garrison's Creek Bridge near Fosterville, Tn.) where rebel cavalry had already started the structure on fire. The ill-advised retreat caused the destruction of the bridge. The men of the 7th were embarrassed by the result. Camped there for the night.
7th- In the morning the men marched to Wartrace. After a short time a brigade was sent to Shelbyville- 12 miles distant. When within a mile of there the men were ordered to ‘Bell Buckle’- 13 more miles. They marched until 10 p.m.. Very rough roads and camped one mile from there
8th- Move to Bell Buckle. Drew rations at 11 am for the first time in 2 days. Moved to Christiana where rebels plundered and did much damage. Moved through for three miles towards Murfreesboro. Very pleasant camp site with good water.
9th- Moved two miles to where the rebs had torn up the track on the railroad. Worked on the tracks and by noon was complete as trains began to pass. Major General Butterfield passed by on foot.
11th - Received orders to report to Wartrace. At 2 p.m. boarded cars which would take them there. Went one mile beyond to Garrison Creek where they set up camp.
12th- Rained last night and today. Heavy guard duty for all.
13th- Absentee voting today- almost all votes were for John Brough- Governor of Ohio.
14th- Returned to Wartrace. Three companies were left behind at the bridge (Garrison’s Fork Bridge). Rained hard all day. Some had prison guard duty. There were 95 rebel prisoners being guarded. At 5 p.m. the regiment was ordered to deliver the rebel prisoners to Murfreesboro. Went via the railroad and made the delivery to the Provost Marshall
28th- The Regiment again boarded railroad cars and traveled toward Bridgeport, Alabama.
29th- Still enroute to Bridgeport.
30th- Arrived in Bridgeport and marched to Shell Island while fighting a severe thunderstorm.
31st- The Regiment marched to Wauhatchie. They did not arrive until late that night. Went into camp near General Geary’s headquarters’.
1st - The Regiment was part of a scouting party.
4th - 16th The Seventh remained in camp.
16th- General Sherman arrived from Vicksburg with his entire army.
17th-23rd Remained in camp.
20th- The Regiment was now part of the 12th Army Corp., Second Division, 1st Brigade.
24th- At 3 am the Regiment was part of the advance on Lookout Mountain. They crossed Look towards the east through brush and fields, very hard going.
26th – At 10 p.m. the men marched through Rossville Gap in pursuit of the Rebels.
27th – This was the worst day of the war for the Seventh Ohio. At 8 p.m. the Battle of Ringgold came to a close and with it the lives of Colonel W. R. Creighton and Lt. Colonel Orrin J. Crane. They had led the regiment from its inception, through every battle. All but one officer was either killed or wounded during this battle. It was an extremely demoralizing loss for the men.
1st- At 2:30 a.m. the men marched back to Lookout Valley.
2nd- Arrived in camp at their original campsite at Wauhatchie. They remained there until Jan. 4th, 1864.
6th- On this Sunday morning the bodies of Colonels Creighton and Crane arrived in Cleveland, both having been killed in the Battle of Ringgold, Georgia on the 27th of November.
7th- Remained in camp the remainder of December.
The Year 1864
1st- Camp in Wauhatchie, Tenn. Extremely cold- regiment has picket duty. Hard tack, coffee, and a little milk is all they have to eat. Had inspection at 11am.
2nd- Enlisting in our regiment has stopped. Very cold. The regiment has picket duty today. Rations are very low.
3rd- Sunday- prepare for a movement tomorrow. Our teams are sent ahead to Bridgeport to the boat. No rations of bread for two days.
4th- Left camp soon after daylight. Boarded the railroad and headed to Bridgeport. The men were wet, cold, and hungry. It rained and froze. Drew 3 days rations. The ice was very thick on the roads- which made it difficult to march. Arrived at 7 p.m.. General Geary is here.
5th- Camped near a woods outside of Bridgeport- very cold, sleet most of the day.
6th- Received orders to move about 2 o’clock. Moved and occupied the previous campsite of the 123rd New York Vol. Pretty comfortable. The night was so cold that the men sat beside camp fires all night to prevent themselves from freezing to death.
7th- Guard duty- protecting the stores and supplies at the depot. Co. K with 11 men. Very cold and snowy. Still at Bridgeport. Had regimental guard duty for prisoners. General Geary came up and turned the prisoners over to the Provost Marshall. Plenty of rations now.
8th- Still very cold- still guard duty. Fire wood is really low. The 5th, 7th, and 47th Pa. are here. Have guard duty every three days.
9th- Still very cold. Still in Bridgeport. There are some Colored troops here on guard duty. Local citizens say it is the coldest winter here ever.
10th- Guard duty.
11th- Foraged for wood for the camp fires all day. Still in Bridgeport.
12-15th- Very cold. Had guard duty and foraged for wood.
16th- First trains pass through here on their way to Chattanooga
17th- Cleaned equipment in preparation for an inspection but had none. The 17th and the 21st Ohio passed here on their way home on discharge.
18th- Windy and cold all day- had guard duty at the depot. Rained all night- wood scarce.
19th- Snowed today.
20th- Wednesday- Had a beautiful day- moonlit sky as bright as day.
21st- Weather changes more comfortable today. Five recruits from the 29th Ohio were placed in Co. C. More guard duty.
22nd- Guard duty at the Quartermasters.
23rd- Dress parade in the afternoon.
24th- All were prepared for inspection but had none. Weather is very fine and pleasant. Still in Bridgeport. Clothing was up for draw as needed.
25th- Regiment is under orders to march. Drew rations and waited. Dress parade today.
26th- Back to guard duty at the Quartermasters.
28th- New Chapel tent set up and 1st meeting held. It was well attended and interesting. 10 trains past on their way north- veterans going home.
29th- General inspection at 9 am. Very pleasant day.
30th- Camp guard duty. Rained all day.
31st- Cloudy and windy- more guard duty. Started to rain at 2 p.m.. Dress parade in the evening.
1st- Heavy rainstorm after midnight. At 11 p.m. the regiment was ordered out for roll call for some unknown reason.
2nd- Still in Bridgeport, Alabama. Very windy and a little cooler- a few tents have been blown over.
3rd- Very nice day. Rumors that the Seventh Ohio to go as body guards for General Slocum.
4th- Cool windy day.
5th- Very warm spring like day. General camp cleanup ordered. General Slocum speaks to the regiment about there reenlistment. He asked no man to reenlist who could not do so without injustice to himself or family.
6th- Rained about 1 p.m.. More guard duty. Many discussions about reenlistment.
7th- Cool and windy. More veteran speeches heard.
8th- Cool clear day.
9th- Still at Bridgeport, Alabama. Very pleasant day.
11th- Guard duty- very nice day.
12th- More guard duty- nice day.
13th- Beautiful day.
14th- Damp and rainy. Paymaster in camp today.
15th- Commenced raining at 2 am and rained until 2 p.m.. Hopefully getting paid today.
16th- Turned very cold, rained hard.
17th- Ground frozen solid by morning. Very cold. Guard duty at the Provost Marshall’s office. The men in the guard house have to be the dirtiest men alive.
19th- Another cold day. At dark orders came in to be ready to march at a moments notice.
22nd- Still at Bridgeport. Nice day- sun shines and the ice melts. Captain Samuel McClelend was promoted to LT. Colonel and took command of the regiment.
23rd- Beautiful day- bright moonlit night. Warm.
24th- Picket duty. 250 men on duty every other day.
26th- Warm day. Guard duty. 1st Ohio Artillery passed heading north- going home.
28th- Dress parade at 5 p.m., Lt Col. McClelland in command.
29th- Rainy day. Rumors the Seventh will go to the front soon. Many in camp are discouraged.
1st- Continued to rain. Grounds very muddy. Get ready for two day picket duty. Some men are standing picket duty with no shoes or socks.
2nd- Very cold.
3rd- Cold and frosty morning. Rations are very scarce. A terrible accident on the railroad today. Two trains collide killing and wounding 19 men.
4th- Clear day, Shermans men marched passed today.
5th- Company drill today.
6th- Very calm day. Dress parade at 4 p.m..
7th- Rainy day. Camp guard duty. Rumors that the veterans of the 7th won’t be dismissed until June 20th. All the men very upset.
8th- Inspection by Colonel Candy. Cool and clear day. Dress parade in the evening..
9th- Pleasant day but cool in the evening. Most of the men played ball. Dress parade at 4 p.m..
10th- Dress parade at 10 am.
11th- Very warm day.
15th- Brigade inspection, at 2 p.m., and review by Colonel Candy. Cold and windy day.
18th- Still at Bridgeport. Another cold and windy day. Camp life becomes very boring.
20th- Beautiful but windy day. Inspection in the morning. Rations very scarce, nothing but bread and coffee. Many rumors floating about.
21st- Guard duty at the bridge- some from the 29th Ohio join. The day is cool and the men have no wood for fires.
22nd- About 11 p.m. last night it began to snow and continued all-night and today. Snow is 8” deep. Had guard duty.
23rd- Very nice day- snow melting. Guard duty. The peach trees are in full bloom- the weather will probably kill the buds.
24th- Snow is almost gone.
26th- 5th Ohio veternized regiment set up camp next to the seventh.
27th- Beautiful day. Received marching orders to be ready in 24 hours notice.
28th- Regiment worked on a fort near the hospital.
29th- The wind has been gale force all day. New rifles and equipment issued today. Dress parade in the evening.
30th- Very cold- dress parade in the evening.
31st- Monthly camp inspection.
1st- Worked hard all day moving the camp to the other side of the 5th Ohio. Still in Bridgeport. Drizzling rain all day. Detailed as camp guard.
3rd- Pleasant day but rain in the evening.
4th- General Geary is now in charge of the post. Guard duty lessoned. It has rained considerably all day- roads are next to impassable. The 11th & 12th Army Corp combined to form the 20th Army Corp under General Sherman.
6th- Fine day. Stood picket duty today.
8th- Had camp inspection by ‘Charles the 99th’. He is unusually strict and he abuses several of the men as he said they were ‘too infernally lazy to keep clean.’ The regiment is not in love with him and he knows it.
11th- Reviewed at 11 am by General Slocum. He is leaving to command Vicksburg.
12th- Eight hundred of our brigade boarded the Chickamauga at noon and were soon steaming down the Tennessee River. Two howitzers and 2 of Knapp’s pieces were on board. Two flat boats and two pontoon boats were in tow. Went as far as Sarkinsville and tied up, at Larkins Landing, for the night. The 8th Missouri and 55th Illinois regiments are camped here.
13th- Left Larkins Landing at 7 am and steamed down about 25 miles to Guntersville where rebel cavalry were located. Used artillery on them. Two companies landed and confiscated weapons and rebel mail. Went 5 miles further down river where rebel snipers fired into the boat wounding two men from our regiment. Continued down river to Whitesburg which is 10 miles from Huntsville, Alabama. Continued 15 miles further down river then turned around.
14th- Stopped at Whitesburg briefly. Passed Larkins Landing at 9 am and proceeded up the river when they stopped to forage for wood.
16th- Reached camp at Bridgeport at 2 am. Generals Thomas, Hooker, and Geary reviewed the fortifications.
19th-Drew clothing today.
25th- Three years ago today the regiment was mustered into the service. The men think that government is doing them an injustice by making them serve until June. Orders were received to be ready to march.
26th- Shoes could be drawn if needed. Had dress parade today.
28th- Many rumors about our marching. No one knows for sure where or when.. The 65th Ohio moved through to the front.
29th- The 85th Indiana and 22nd Wisconsin passed through today. The morning was misty with fog but in the afternoon there were thunderstorms.
1st - After several days of fighting the Seventh was relieved by the 15th Army Corp.
2nd- Monday- Rain all day. Moved to the rear towards Alatoona Church, 2 miles.
3rd- Orders to be ready to march at 9 am- left at 11 am. Moved to Shell Mound and camped- about 8 miles.
4th- Up at 4:30 am. Marched at 5:30 am about 3 miles this side of Whiteside and then passed through Wauhatchie past Hookers headquarters and over Lookout Mt. At 7:30 p.m. they camped in Chattanooga Valley. Marched 22 miles in very hot weather. All the army is on the move. Much resentment by the men for still being here. Here the men saw for the first time the gathering of the greatest war machine that this country had ever seen in one place before. In every direction there were men, wagons and artillery as far as the eye could see.
5th- Marched at 7 am and moved near Rossville. Hooker and Sickles passed and were cheered. Made 10 miles- stopped for dinner. Passed Missionary Ridge and the old Battlefields of Chicamauga. General Sherman passed us while eating- a fine looking man. When 5 miles from Ringgold they turned south. Moved a total of 18 miles and are going to Latfayette, Georgia. Camped on part of Chickamauga Battlefield at Post Oak Church.
6th- Reveille at 3:30 am- drew rations for three days. Division moved at 5 am. The 7th and 147 Pa. were left to guard the wagon train and did not march until 10 am. Moved about 6 miles and set up camp, near Peavine Creek.
7th- Broke camp at 5 am and turned off of the Layfayette Road. Stopped for dinner at Gordan’s Springs and moved on to Nuckles then to Taylor’s Ridge, at 3 p.m.. Stopped so that an ammo train could pass. General Hooker passed and the men cheered. Camped about 10 miles SE of Dalton, Ga. Moved 16 miles today.
8th- Moved at 11 am- 5 miles to Mill Creek gap. The 7th and 28th Pa. were ordered by General Geary to the rear as reserves. A battle ensued and were forced back twice from the top of a hill (Dug Gap, Buzzards Roost, on Rocky Face Ridge). The 29th Ohio lost severely. Morgan’s men held the hill. The 7th covered the retreat. Picket duty that night. A warm sunny day.
9th- Picket duty all night. No sleep. Heavy cannonading to the left near Buzzards Roost Gap. The rebels are on the mountain fortifying. Relieved from guard duty at 5 am. Built breastworks and went to bed about 2 p.m..
10th- Fixed breastworks and camped in rear of them. Clebornes Division and other brigades occupy our front. General McPhearson’s troops have cut off the railroad at Resaca. Built breastworks all night. Could see the Rebs on the other side of the mountain. Cannonading could be heard from the direction of Dalton.
11th- Rained very hard last night and water is running through the camp site. Remained in the breastworks the entire day. Heavy firing near Buzzards Roost.
12th- Left Mill Creek at 7 a.m. and marched to Snake Creek Gap at sundown. Passed large wagon trains and troops encamped. Saw Generals McPhearson, Thomas, and Logan. Also Kilpatricks Cavalry. Moved a total of 6 miles towards Resaca.
13th- Friday- remained near the gap until afternoon. General Kilpatrick came in wounded before noon. Moved at 5 p.m. about 5 miles and found our Division skirmishing. Took up position on the hill and threw up breastworks and rested for the night.
14th- We remained in position in front of Sherman’s headquarters until afternoon. Skirmishing began at daylight and soon heavy fighting rolled along the line. At 3 p.m. the regiment fell in and marched quickly 4 miles to the left. All the troops were loud in praise of Hooker. We got in position about 11 p.m. and at 3 am were rounded up to get rations. The troops have captured some artillery and had success all along the line.
15th- Moved to the right about ½ mile. Formed in behind the 3rd Division and advanced until the balls, shell, and canister flew lively. Part of our division charged and just as our brigade was going in the rebs charged our battery. Our troops held fast and drove them back. General Hooker and Butterfield were under fire near us. We took the advance and skirmished till after dark. Our left was very successful. Five men wounded.
16th- During the night we moved about and our batteries fired so much we slept little. During the night the 5th Ohio advanced cautiously and dug through the fort and brought off 4 brass guns loaded with canister. We found the rebs gone this morning. We soon set out in pursuit. Our regiment was in the advance of our division. We found guns, sabers, dead horses, ammunition, etc. strewn about the road. We crossed the road one mile north of Resaca at noon then crossed the river on a ferryboat at about 5 p.m. After coming several miles we found Stoneman’s Cavalry. We crossed another river and set up camp. Crossed Connesauga and Coosawatie Creeks during the pursuit.
17th- We remained on the bank of the Coosawatie River until noon when General Hooker came up and we again set out. Marched about 7 miles and camped east of Calhoun. We found our wagon train there. We captured some prisoners along the way.
18th- Reveille at 3 am and were on the march before 5. Soon stopped to let the wagons of the 14th Corps pass by. We marched in a zig zag fashion at a quick pace. We stopped a short time for dinner and then kept on till after 8 p.m. when they reached Gravely Plateau. The rebels left here three hours ago and General Johnson had his headquarter at a fine house near by. Very hot.
19th- Very hot and water is very scarce. Marched, at sunrise, on no certain road but across fields and along ridges. At 3 p.m. arrived near Cassville. Skirmishing along battle lines- the country is very nice.
20th- Remained still all day- a well deserved rest. The men laid in a wheat field.
21st- Moved into the woods. Very hot.. We are to take over 20 days rations in haversacks and wagons. Very warm out- waited in a wooded area ot of the sun.
22nd- Another day of rest. Did not move. Very hot sunny day. Dust everywhere.
23rd- Reveille at 3 am. Orders to march at 4 am. Moved at 5 am. Moved across the railroad to the west and turned south. The day is extremely hot and we had a hard march until noon. Stopped for dinner on the bank of the Mattacossa River. Many men collapsed from heat exhaustion along the way. Moved another 5 miles and crossed the Etowah River. Camped 1 ½ miles away from the river near Stilesville- about 9 miles today.
24th- Tuesday- Moved about 4 am. Weather very hot and dry. Camped at dark- rained very hard- finally. Moved to Burnt Hickory.
25th- At 5 am the Regiment moved to Pumpkinvine Creek. At 7 am they moved up the road to Dallas, via the Pumpkinvine Creek at Owens Hill. At 9 am they drove the rebs from a bridge and put out the fire. At 6 p.m. the men reached the area around New Hope Church still fighting as they had the entire day, our brigade was the lead skirmishers all day. At 5 p.m. our corps advanced on the enemy and the 1st and 3rd Divisions fought for an hour driving the rebs but losing severely. Our Division was formed in the rear and ordered to advance with fixed bayonets and take the works. We fought there sometime and drove then back about one mile. Hooker and Geary were behind us and we advanced in good shape but it grew dark too soon and our lines in front kept on firing so we could not pass them. Bullets & shells flew thick. A shell burst in Co. F killing and wounding many. Moved about 12 miles during the day. Began to rain at dark. The last fatalities of the 7th occur here.
26th- Passed a miserable night in the rain and at 10 o’clock this morning were relieved.
27th- Remained in the rear about 40 rods since about 10 o’clock yesterday. The regiment had a good nights rest. The balls of the sharpshooters rattle over our heads and sometimes bounce down upon us. One struck Lowery and Trembly and another hit Kearn of Co. G. The artillery has shelled the enemy continuously. Melvin Palmer of Co. C lost an arm today- it was blown off. At dark we came front and relieved the 66th Ohio.
28th- Pretty quiet night. Shelling commenced again this morning. Their cannon was only 40 rods from us and the men could get an aim on them and keep them from using them. Once our artillery started pounding them the rebs dd not use them again. The 4th corps is on our left. We were relieved by the 5th Ohio.
29th- Passed a very quiet day, only the sharpshooters are at work. Several of the 29th Ohio were wounded on the skirmish line.
30th- At 12 o’clock last night the men were awakened by heavy artillery firing and it was said that the rebs were charging. Our artillery and infantry opened up fiercely but after a short time all grew quiet again.
31st- The rebs are in plain sight and have been working on their breastworks. We fire on them at every chance and so do the artillery. We strengthen our works and tonight a new line of works is to be thrown up in advance. Cooney of Co. K was wounded in the cheek- not serious. The 5th Ohio relieved us at dark and we are now in the second line of works.
1st - Last night our line advanced some distance and there was more firing than usual. At noon ordered to pack up and were relieved by the 18th Corps. We went back and drew rations and then marched to the left toward the railroad. Came 4 miles and camped near Sherman’s headquarters in the rear of the 23rd corps.
2nd- Moved to the rear towards Alatoona Church, 2 miles.
7th- Weather pleasant. The regiment has been resting. Guard duty tonight. Perhaps for the last time.
8th- Camped 5 miles from Alatoona. Very quiet day for the men. Wrote mail and read.
9th- Camp full of rumors today. Expected to march today but it was postponed until tomorrow. Most of the regiment on picket duty.
10th- Had orders to march at 9 am but did not move on account of the passing of the 4th Corps. Rained very had and the lighting was very pronounced. Just before night the Colonel went to General Hooker’s Head Quarters and found the orders for the regiment to go home. It was read to the men and all were extremely happy, cheering with joy.
11th - The Seventh Ohio Volunteer Regiment received orders to report to Cleveland, Ohio for completion of their active duty. General Geary made a farewell speech to the regiment and complimented the men over and over again. The men marched about 10 o’clock. The recruits, under temporary command of an officer from the 28th Pa., and some of the veterans transferred to the 5th Ohio, Companies B & G, to continue their service. These men, for the most part, served with the 5th Ohio until the end of the War and participated in the Grand March in Washington, D.C. As the regiment left they marched by the recruits they were leaving behind also Knapp’s Battery, who cheered as they passed. We in return gave them ‘three times three’ with a will. We were sorry to part with the recruits who have been treated shamefully by the Governor. Moved to Ackworth and from there to Altoona a nine mile march. It rained very hard today. The 66th Ohio passed us tonight.
12- Rain for another day. This is the 10th day of rain. No cars have yet arrived except the construction trains and we will have to wait another day. Quit a number of our wounded are laying in the depot. Troops have been passing to the front.
13th- Pleasant day. Trains have gone to the front and we hope to get off when they return.
14th- We at last are on board the cars. We left Altoona at 3 o’clock and soon after passed the Etowah River. We stopped at Cartersville for a short time.
15th- Left Kins Store at 7 am and passed Calhoun and when a few miles from Resaca, saw an engine and cars which had been thrown off by the rebels. We helped get the tendor back on the tracks and then came on through Resaca with its strong fortifications to Dalton and went past Buzzards Roost, Tunnel Hill, and Ringgold. Arrived in Chattanooga at 3 p.m..
16th- Remained in Chattanooga all day. The men went into town and it looks much better than a year ago.
17th- Before noon the regiment had photos taken by Sweeney. Left Chattanooga at 2 p.m..
18th- Arrived in Nashville at 4 P.M.. Passed Huntsville and Decatur in the night. Passed Columbia, Pulaski, Athens, etc. Unloaded the baggage and slept at the depot.
19th- Before noon transferred the baggage to the landing were we will board steamers to take us home. The regiment boarded the Mercury at ? o’clock.
20th- Left Nashville before daylight and have been moving at a good rate. Have passed several steamers and towns. Among them Clarksville and Fort Donnellson. Just befor dark we stopped at Canton, Ky.
21st- We got to Smithland at 5 am and here the 8th Missouri left for St. Louis. We soon put out and steamed up the grand Ohio. We have been meeting boats and passing towns and Islands constantly. Passed Golconda, Elizabethtown, etc. When we near Preston, Ky. we met a boat and were told that the guerillas were 5 miles above. We put on our equipment and took position on the upper deck. When just above Preston the rebs fired on us and we poured a volley into their hiding place. We fired as long as we were in range and we saw some of the rebs take to their heels. We had two slightly wounded. One from Co. E and of Co. I.
22nd- We arrived at Evansville early in the morning and most of the boys went up town for something to eat. Stopped at Newburgh to take on tobacco. While at Newburg we washed and found very kind people. Hear of guerillas but have seen none today. Now at Cannelton Island getting coal and it is said that there are 600 rebs across the river.
24th- A terrible accident claims the life of Oliver C. Trembly. Forty miles below Cincinnati Mr. Trembly fell overboard and drowned in the Ohio River. His body was not recovered for three days. He was one of the few men from the regiment who had fought in every fight, except one, and had never been wounded.
25th- Reached Cincinnati at 3 a.m. They were there to welcome home the 5th Ohio that morning before going on to Cleveland.
26th - Sunday morning, the gallant 7th Ohio arrived in Cleveland.
3rd- The men of the Seventh escorted the remains of Colonels Creighton and Crane from Erie Cemetery to Woodland Cemetery where they remain today.
6th- Seven companies of the Seventh were mustered out.
7th- The last three companies of the Seventh were mustered out and all military services were terminated on this date.
8th- Members of the Seventh bid farewell to comrades as most went to their homes while others reenlisted in other fighting units.