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May 2006
Sheppard Parsons, President            Rob Monroe, Editor       
107 Rose Hill Road                     2416 Edenbrook Dr.       
Richmond, VA 23229                     Richmond, VA 23228-3040       

May 2006 PROGRAM Charles Lee Cooke, M.D. "The Ambulance Corps" 8:00 p.m., Tuesday, May 9, 2006, at the Boulevard United Methodist Church, 321 N. Boulevard, Richmond, VA (corner of Boulevard and Stuart Ave.) Enter the basement door on the right side under the front steps. Dr. Charles Lee Cooke attended Davidson College near his boyhood farm in North Carolina and received his B.S. degree from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. After a tour of duty in the Air Force Medical Corps, he began a distinguished career as a teacher and practitioner in Richmond. He has been involved with the Civil War Institute at Virginia Tech and is an active volunteer at the Chimborazo Medical Museum of the Richmond National Battlefield Park. He has long studied medicine and diseases -- both causes and effects -- during the Civil War. He is an authoritative source of medical history and has been cited as the source for medical information in Civil War fiction and non-fiction books. For years he has been involved with the Civil War Institute at Virginia Tech, working with famous historian Dr. James I. "Bud" Robertson. Dr. Cooke is known for his wit and humor as well as his deep knowledge of his favorite subject, medicine during the Civil War. On very short notice, he has kindly agreed to be our May speaker. He will be discussing the development of the Ambulance Corps during the Civil War. Dr. Cooke spoke to the Round Table in March 2004 and gave attendees an informative and colorful look at Chimborazo Hospital. His insight into the Ambulance Corps promises to be enlightening and entertaining.
CWPT Makes Major Purchase at Fredericksburg The Civil War Preservation Trust (CWPT) has announced the beginning of a $12 million national campaign to preserve the historic Slaughter Pen Farm, a key part of the Fredericksburg battlefield. The 205-acre farm, known locally as the Pierson Tract, was the scene of bloody struggle on December 13, 1862. Historians estimate that more than 5,000 casualties were incurred on the property. According to Ed Bearss, Chief Historian Emeritus of the National Park Service, Slaughter Pen Farm is "without a doubt the most significant part of the battlefield at Fredericksburg that is not protected. Its acquisition will provide an opportunity to permit visitors to walk in the footsteps of history." Historian Frank O'Reilly calls the farm "the very heart and soul of the Fredericksburg Battlefield. This is the point where the battle was won and lost." The Slaughter Pen Farm is the only place on the battlefield where a visitor can still follow the Union assault on that bloody day from beginning to end. Nearly all the other land associated with Union attacks at Fredericksburg - either on the southern end of the battlefield or in front of Marye's Heights - has been destroyed by development. For years, the fate of the Slaughter Pen Farm has hung in the balance. The farm is located along historic Tidewater Trail (U.S. Route 2), which has witnessed tremendous industrial and commercial growth in recent years. The property is zoned for industrial use, and is immediately adjacent to a major north-south rail line, making it extremely attractive to developers. When the property was put on the market in December, the listing agent described it as "one of the best industrial sites in the Commonwealth of Virginia." Once the Slaughter Pen Farm was placed on the market, preservationists were in a race against time. Fortunately, CWPT was able to secure the assistance of Tricord, Inc., a local family-owned development company that had previously cooperated with preservationists to save the 140-acre First Day of Chancellorsville Battlefield (formerly known as the Mullins Farm). Tricord brought to the table financial resources, a comprehensive knowledge of the area, and the wherewithal to move quickly to take the property off the market. Tricord and CWPT have an agreement that turns the Slaughter Pen Farm over to CWPT to be preserved in its entirety, no strings attached. "We view this as a rebirth of the Fredericksburg battlefield," said Russ Smith, Superintendent of Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park. "Preservationists had long ago given up on maintaining a vista from Union to Confederate lines, but CWPT and Tricord have given this historic landscape a second chance." "This is the most ambitious nonprofit battlefield acquisition in American history," remarked CWPT President James Lighthizer. "Despite the price tag, we simply could not sit idly by and watch this irreplaceable battleground become an industrial park." CWPT intends to work with federal, state and local government officials to secure matching grants to help pay for acquisition of the property. Government grants will be leveraged with private sector donations from CWPT members, corporations and other conservation groups.
RCWRT Shirts and Hats are Ready for You to Order Ed Carpenter and the Carpenter Group are now accepting orders for shirts and caps embroidered with the Richmond Civil War Round Table logo. These are not screen printed items. They are affordably priced high-quality shirts and hats handsomely embroidered with the RCWRT color logo. These items are available: Caps (Wave, medium profile) in blue with gold trim or tan with red trim -- $5.95 Short Sleeve T-Shirts in white, ash gray or navy -- $12.50 Long Sleeve T-Shirts in white, ash gray or navy -- $14.98 Outer Banks Polo Shirts in white, gray or navy -- $22.50 The above prices are for sizes Small to XLarge. For XXL add $2 for each shirt; for XXXL add $4. Size XXXXL is available only for the Short Sleeve T-Shirt and costs $18.50. To order please fill out this form: Name:________________________________________________________________________ Address:_____________________________________________________________________ City, State & Zip:___________________________________________________________ Phone:_______________________________________________________________________ Item:_______________________ Size:____________ Color:_______________________ Item:_______________________ Size:____________ Color:_______________________ Item:_______________________ Size:____________ Color:_______________________ Item:_______________________ Size:____________ Color:_______________________ Items will be delivered to a future RCWRT meeting. If you would like your order shipped directly to you, add $6.95 and check here _______. Total enclosed: $_____________ Mail and make check payable to: The Carpenter Group, Inc. 9005 Kellywood Ct. Glen Allen, VA 23060 The phone/fax number for the Carpenter Group is (804) 747-1758. The Round Table wishes to thank Ed for his hard work in making these items available to us again at reasonable prices.
Book on Prisons Wins Davis Award The Museum of the Confederacy has awarded its 2005 Jefferson Davis Book Award to While in the Hands of the Enemy: Military Prisons of the Civil War by Charles W. Sanders, Jr.; a professor of history at Kansas State University. The book is a volume in the Louisiana State University Press's series "Conflicting Worlds: New Dimensions of the American Civil War." Established in 1970, the Jefferson Davis Award honors outstanding narrative works about the origins, life, and legacies of the Confederate States of America. Rotating panels of three distinguished historians serve as independent award judges. The actual award document consists of a framed certificate bearing a red wax seal made from the original Great Seal of the Confederacy, the only modern use of this artifact. While in the Hands of the Enemy challenges the prevailing view among historians that the infamous conditions in Northern and Southern prison camps "resulted from factors beyond the control of the belligerents and that neither the North nor the South was guilty of systematically mistreating prisoners." Sanders argues that the main reason for the inhuman treatment of prisoners owed to "Union and Confederate leaders who knew full well the horrific toll of misery and death their decisions and actions would exact in the camps." Michael B. Chesson, chairman of the Davis Award Committee, praised the book's "sober and evenhanded condemnation of both sides" and concluded: "this work is indispensable and will be added to various lists of the top Civil War books." The judges chose Sanders's book from among 35 nominations after they narrowed the field to five finalists. The other finalists were: Kent Masterson Brown, Retreat from Gettysburg: Lee, Logistics, and the Pennsylvania Campaign; Earl J. Hess, Field Armies and Fortifications in the Civil War: The Eastern Campaigns, 1861-1864; Bruce Levine, Confederate Emancipation: Southern Plans to Free and Arm Slaves During the Civil War; and Mark V. Wetherington, Plain Folks' Fight: The Civil War and Reconstruction in Piney Woods, Georgia.
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RCWRT Monthly Speakers for 2006
Richmond Civil War Round Table Newsletter Rob Monroe, Editor 2416 Edenbrook Dr. Richmond, VA 23228-3040

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