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Highlands Ranch High School - Mr. Sedivy
Highlands Ranch, Colorado

Ancient Greece

World History

The People of Ancient Greece:
The Minoans and Myceneans

About the People


Small, dark skin, and long dark hair.

Men wore striped loincloths, long flowery robes, or pants that bagged at the knees.

Women wore full skirts and jackets and lots of jewelry.

Men farmed and fished.

Women performed household duties, attended sporting events, and hunted in chariots.

Loved sports, especially boxing and bull-leaping. In bull-leaping men and women fought the bull together. The man grabbed the horns, the bull would toss him, he would somersault through the air, and the woman was supposed to catch him. Possibly a religious ceremony.


Copied Minoans.

Lots of gold and bronze work, writing, shipbuilding, fashion.

Grew olives, squeezed them for oil. Olives were used for cooking, lamp fuel, and body rubs.

Mainly warriors. They had bronze armor, metal shields, spears, and swords.


Polytheistic, main goddess - Mother Earth. She made plants grow and brought children into the world. The people built shrines to her on hilltops. They believed that hills led to the heavens, and caves led to the underworld. On the back wall of the shrine were sacred horns made of clay. The hole between the horns held a double-headed ax. People left offerings of hair, fruit, flowers, jewels, and gold.

Certain things were sacred such as the lily and snakes. Most people had snakes in their houses. Since snakes came out of caves, the people thought they were spirits of the underworld and would protect the house. The double axe stood for the power of Mother Earth and the authority of the king.

Same as Minoans.

Great Conquests

Trojan Horse
According to Homer's poem, Odysseus and other men from the
Greek army hid inside the wooden horse.


Troy in 1200 BC. Paris, the son of a Trojan King, fell in love with Helen, the wife of a Mycenean King. Paris took her. The Myceneans sent 1000 ships to get her back, but couldn't get inside the fortress. War went on for ten years. The Myceneans built a big wooden horse, put their best soldiers inside, and the rest sailed away as though they were quitting. The Trojans thought they had won, and brought the horse inside. At night, the Myceneans jumped out, opened the gate, let the Mycenean soldiers in (who had sailed back), and won the war and took Helen home.

The whole thing was just a legend - it never happened.

Fall of the Minoans and Myceneans

Legend: Homer's Illiad - Theseus and the Minotaur. The Minotaur had a bull head, body of a man, and lived on Human flesh. Minotaur came about when the goddess had an affair with a bull. Theseus was put in the maze and fought the Minotaur with a magical sword and killed it. The power of the Minoans faded. Reality: Some type of natural disaster, like an earthquake or volcano, but no one really knows. Also, they were invaded by the Myceneans.

Dorians (barbarians) conquered the Myceneans. This led to a dark ages as the Dorians destroyed everything.

Back to top of page

1. Introduction to Classical Greece

2. Peoples of Ancient Greece:
The Minoans and Myceneans

3. The Development of Greek City States:
Sparta and Athens
- Similarities of Greek City States -

4. Athenian Empire - The Golden Age

5. Alexander the Great

6. Athenian Culture

Historical Periods of
World History Class Study

| Prehistory | Mesopotamia & Phoenicians |
| Ancient Egypt | Greece | Rome |
| Medieval History | Renaissance and Reformation |
| Exploration | National Monarchies |
| The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment |
| Colonial America and American Revolution |
| The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era



Highlands Ranch High School 9375 South Cresthill Lane Highlands Ranch, Colorado 80126 303-471-7000

Mr. Sedivy's History Classes
| Colorado History | American Government | Modern European History | Advanced Placement European History | Rise of England | World History |
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