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Highlands Ranch High School - Mr. Sedivy
World History -
Ferdinand and Isabella (1469
The "Catholic Kings" persecuted Muslims and Jews (tortured and burned Jews at the stake). In 1492 Jews were kicked out of Spain. This weakened the economy since the kings got rid of Jewish business leaders and Muslim agricultural innovations.
Charles V (1516 - 1556)
Charles was challenged by German Lutheran princes who didn't accept his authority, and by Ottoman Turks Muslims. Charles took it upon himself as Holy Roman Emperor to protect Christian lands from Muslims. He gave up his throne in 1556 and split the land. He gave his son, Philip II, the Netherlands, Spain, and Spanish land in the Americas. Charles V retired to a monastery.
Philip II (1556 - 1598)
After a Muslim rebellion, their children were taken
and put in Christian homes. Philip beat the Turks near Greece in
a naval battle (because of Turkish pirates) at Lepanto in 1571.
He conquered Portugal in 1580. The Dutch rebelled in 1566 because
they didn't like his policies. Philip had raised taxes and sent
the Inquisition to quell Calvinism. The Netherlands became independent
under William of Orange in 1581.
Philip married Mary I (Bloody Mary) of England. She was Catholic - Philip wanted to convert England to Catholicism. She had no children. When Mary died, Philip tried to marry Elizabeth, with no luck, and he became mad at Elizabeth. She sent troops to help the Netherlands during the rebellion, and she sent pirates to raid Spanish ships.
Spanish Decline and the Cost of War
Decline of Spain (by 1700)
"The Great Protestant Wind from the north smashed the Papist idolaters on the rocks." The English outnumbered the Spaniards. The Spanish navy was to meet up - one from the south and one from the east. It didn't happen because they had no way to communicate with one another.
Cost of War
Neglect of trade and industry.
There was no real merchant class. The Inquisition had killed off many business leaders. The Spanish placed a low value on commerce and industry. Young men were encouraged to do other things besides become merchants.
Agricultural changes. Because wool was profitable, most farmland was used for raising sheep, therefore there was no food.
Dependence on temporary wealth. Most of their wealth was from Aztec and Inca gold. They didn't invest it, but spent it on wars and to import food and goods.
Historical Periods of
| Mesopotamia & Phoenicians |
The list of links will grow with student
Highlands Ranch High School 9375 South Cresthill Lane Highlands Ranch, Colorado 80126 303-471-7000
Mr. Sedivy's History Classes
| Colorado History | American Government | Modern European History | Advanced Placement European History | Rise of England | World History |
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