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Concept of God
Man has been seeking for his Creator from the beginning of known human history. He has called his Creator by many different names, at different times and in different places.
According to religion the earliest created man and woman were aware of their Creator and prayed to Him. As time passed their descendants did not transmit the knowledge of the Creator to their offspring properly. At some point in time they lost this knowledge almost completely.
Man has an innate nature to seek for his Creator. While seeking for his Creator, anything that were very powerful, enormous, or unusual, drew his attention and he worshipped them. He even worshipped fellow human beings who were gifted with special abilities by God, could perform magic or miracles.
Everything we see around us has been created by someone. The houses, cars, TV, radios etc. did not come into existence by themselves. Although we do not know the individuals who assembled them, we know for sure that human hands are behind their creation.
If any 'beings of outer space' ever see our space machines, they probably will marvel at the precise function of their intricate mechanical and electronic parts. If they observe the exact orbital path that these space crafts follow, will they think that these came into existence by themselves like the other celestial bodies, having no hand behind their creation and function?
Each human cell performs hundreds of thousands of complex chemical reactions every day for its proper function and exact reproduction. All tissues and organs in the body are regulated by biological laws set forth for them. The brain does not perform the function of heart and the heart does not perform the function of kidney. The complex and intimate relationships between the organs are precise and governed by fundamental laws. We may utilize these laws, already set forth for them, to our advantage, but in no way can we alter these fundamental laws.
We see the apparent lifeless seeds grow into plants with life. Again we see plants and animals, full with life, made into lifeless materials. We also observe the vast universe, its grand design, the superb organization, and its precise and flawless functions. Did all these come into existence and continue to exist by themselves? Basic human intelligence will tell us that there is a Creator who brought into existence each and everything around us and beyond. This is God, our Creator and the Creator of the universe.
When we want to perceive anything in our environment we use our organs of perception, e.g. eye, ear, nose, tongue and skin. We do not see the air but we can feel it and see its effect in the environment. Things that can not be perceived by these organs, we try to appreciate them by using our intellect. We discuss their characteristics. In the case of God we appreciate Him by discussing His attributes.
All the attributes of God are unique and only belongs to Him. If reversed, they point only towards Him. For example, God is The Creator, The Creator is God. No one other than God can have these unique attributes. His attributes are absolute, perfect, complete, unconditional, unlimited, independent, ultimate, and everlasting. There can not be two authorities with absolute attributes.
The correct attributes of God can not be combined with wrong attributes. One can not say that God is the Creator of the universe and was born in a human family in New York, because to take birth in a human family is against the attributes of God. Similarly one can not say God can heal all illness but when He went to Nazareth, He could not heal the people there because of their unbelief. God's ability do not depend on our belief or disbelief.
God's attributes can not separated and given to different Authorities, like one is the creator and another is the preserver or Sustainer. In that case there will be multiple Divine Authorities and will create confusion in the universe. One of them will either have no authority over the others, or if He has power over the others than the others will have no independent authority. God is the ultimate Authority of every affair. Multiple Divine Authorities will make incomplete, inadequate, and deficit Gods. They will fight and kill each other to gain power over the others as we find with the gods of mythology.
God is One and Only:
Every attributes of God maintains the unity of His Lordship. All the revealed books proclaimed unity of God.
God is the Creator of the universe:
All revealed Holy Books confirm this. Creator is different from the created. Created are temporal but the Creator is eternal. He is independent of everything and everything is dependent on Him. "Ability to create" being the most important attribute of God, it, therefore, follows that any one who can not create, can not be God. Jesus (P*) said: "I can of mine own self do nothing" (John 5:30).
God is eternal and Absolute:
Being eternal nothing caused Him to come to existence and nothing outside Him causes Him to exist. Therefore He is self sustained. He is the Sustainer of the universe. He has no beginning and no end. Everything else has a beginning and an end. They are temporal, relative and conditional.
His attributes are also absolute and everlasting. There cannot be two creators with absolute attributes. It also follows that anything that has a beginning or an end, cannot be God.
Sons of God:
God did not have any father or mother, and He does not have any son or daughter. 'He does not beget nor is He begotten'(Q* 112:3). The Holy Quran also says: "It is not befitting to (the Majesty of) God that He should beget a son. Glory be to Him. When He determines a matter, He only says to it, 'Be', and it is" (Q* 19 : 35). Sons and daughters of God, as mentioned in some Holy Books, are only metaphorical. In the Bible God said: "God is not man, that he should lie, or a son of man, that he should repent." (Numbers 23:19).
God is the only Savior:
"I am the Lord; and besides me there is no savior" (Isaiah 43:11, Hosea 13:4). Quran also says that God is the Savior (Q.* 19:72, 6:64, and 39:61).
He is invisible, but Omnipresent:
So the Holy Bible and the Holy Quran agree that anyone who is, or was, visible to the human eye, cannot be God.
Confusion arises when one finds in the Holy Bible that Abraham (P*) sees God face to face and also feeds Him (Genesis 18:1-8).
Jacob (P*) also saw God and nothing happened to him. He said "For I have seen God face to face, and yet my life is preserved" (Genesis 32:30)!
God is All-powerful having power over every thing and has no limitation of ability.
He is The All-knowing:
The Holy Quran says:
In the Holy Bible God does not appear to be informed of the present or future events.
It also appears that when God created mankind, He did not know in advance what man would be doing in future! So later on He regrets creating man.
God is Most Gracious, Most Merciful:
In the Holy Quran, 113 chapters (out of 114) begin with: "In the name of God, the most gracious and most merciful."
The Holy Quran further reads: "And He is oft-forgiving, full of loving kindness" (Q* 85:14).
"On those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, will (God) Most Gracious bestow Love" (Q* 19:96).
In the Holy Bible one gets a little confused when God says:
So, when God orders innocent animals, little children; women, and old people to be killed and makes parents eat the flesh of their sons and daughters, God does not appear to be a very kind, all loving and all forgiving God, and that "God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son" to redeem the sins of the world (John 3:16).
God is most Just:
Therefore, as a just God, He cannot punish 'A' for the crime of 'B'. So God cannot crucify innocent Jesus (P*) to redeem the guilty. Concept of redemption is against the teaching of the Holy Bible.
God does not incarnate:
In the Old Testament there are many prophecies about future Prophets and events. There is no prophecy for God to come as incarnate. The Holy Bible says: "For God is not the author of confusion" (I Corinthians 14:33).
The concept of incarnation and Trinity was introduced to the world by Hinduism long before Christianity. It appears these doctrines were borrowed from them, with some modification.
God is Truth and Honesty:
In the Holy Bible God tells people to be dishonest.
Personal name of God:
God is a common name. Although we all are men, each of us has a personal name. The personal name of God in Aramaic (the mother tongue of Jesus-P*), is ALAHA. In Hebrew it is ALAH, ELAH, or ELOH. (Encyclopedia Britanica 1980, 'On church doctrines', & New and improved edition of the Holy Bible, edited by Rev. C. I. Scoffield).
According to the Holy Bible, when Jesus (P*) was being crucified, he cried out "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabach thani? which means, 'My God, My God, why have you forsaken me?" (Mark 15: 34).
In the Holy Quran God says: "Say (O' Mohammed), He is Allah, the one and only" (Q(Q*. 112:1). Allah is from AL-ILAH, one to be worshipped.
In Arabic Holy Bible the name of Creator is given as Allah.
So the personal name of God is Allah. Moses, Jesus (P*), and Mohammad (P*) all called Him by this name. Allah is a unique name. It has no plural, no gender, and it cannot be mutilated as we see with the word 'God' viz. God (greater God), god (lesser God), Gods, Goddess, Godchild, Goddaughter, Goddamned, Godfather, Godmother, Godhead, Godless, Godlike, Godly, Godsend, etc.
Concept of God in Hindu Scripture:
Physical form of God:
Worship of God:
After the above discussion it may be a little difficult for many people, who is willing to use reasons and commonsense to accept a God who is
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B*.- Holy Bible
P*- Peace of God be upon him / them.
Q*- Holy Quran.
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