Highlands Ranch High School - Mr. Sedivy
Highlands Ranch, Colorado
- Colorado History -
Colorado Trivia, Miscellaneous Old Photos,
Western Personalities, Forts, and More
Santa Fe Trail and Western Personalities
Early settlers relaxing at the end of a day's travel
on the Sante Fe Trail.
"I'm a bullwacker far from
If you don't like me just leave me alone;
Eat my grub when hungry, drink when dry.
Whack, punch, swar, then lie down and die."
Left: Oliver Perry Wiggins. Center: Jedediah Smith.
Right: Dick Wootton.
Oliver Perry Wiggins enjoyed the distinction of being
"one of the biggest damned liars who ever straddled a horse or
ate beaver tail." Wiggin's favorite yarns were about Kit Carson
and his mountain men in the 1830s.
Jedediah Smith was a Bible toting frontier scout. He
obtained his fame on the Oregon trail, but was killed by Comanches
on the Santa Fe Trail.
Richens Lacy "Uncle Dick" Wootton left Virginia
and came west in 1836. Wootton joined the firm owned by Bent and St.
Vrain at Independence, Missouri then traveled to Bent's Fort. Dick
Wootton was a scout, freighter and Indian fighter. He trapped and
traded in the Rockies and scouted for the US military during the Mexican
War. He was best known for the toll road he built over Raton Pass
on the Santa Fe Trail in 1865.
Pictured left to right: Arapahoe Joe, Wild Bill Hickok,
Buffalo Bill Cody,
J. B. (Texas Jack) Omahundro, and "Colorado Charlie."
Fort Collins / Fort St. Vrain
Fort Collins military establishment in 1865.
An early 1860s artist's portrayal of Fort Collins.
Dedication of the St. Vrain monument at the site of
the fort in 1911.
The woman wearing the white blouse is Mary Sopris, the daughter of
Marcellus St. Vrain.
Later, the Fort St. Vrain nuclear plant was built just south of the
site where the original fort was.
(Mr. Sedivy lectures extensively about the events at
Sand Creek, but his lecture notes are not available online at this
Left: Amache was a Cheyenne who married John Prowers,
after whom Prowers County is named. Her father, Ochinee, was killed
at the battle of Sand Creek. Right: Early artist's depiction of the
battle at Sand Creek.
General Philip Sheridan.
It was under Civil War Cavalry hero Sheridan, appointed
commader of the Army's huge Division of the Missouri in 1869, that
the final subjugation of the Plains Indians was carried out. General
Philip Sheridan was the Army's top Western commander during the Indian
Wars, and has been credited with the phrase:
"The only good Indian is a dead
But, Sheridan later expressed another opinion:
"We took away their country, broke
up their mode of living... introduced disease and decay among them,
and it was for this and against this that they made war. Could anyone
General Philip Sheridan is pictured with Union soldiers.
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- Colorado History In Depth
Lecture Notes, Reading, and Information:
| The Cheyenne Migration
to Colorado |
| The Gratlan Affair, Massacre, Fort Laramie
The Cheyenne Social Club
| A Cheyenne War Story: Wolf Road, the Runner
| Cheyenne Traditions and Beliefs, Sacred
| Horses, Warriors, War Pipe, Sweatlodge
| Cheyenne War Parties and Battle Tactics
| The Scalp Dance and Other Cheyenne Dances
| The Sante Fe Trail and Fort Union |
| Sumner - Ninth Military Department / The
First Fort Union |
| Early Arrivals to Fort Union, Daily Life
at Fort Union |
| Captain Grover - The New Fort Union, the
Confederate Threat |
| Fort Union Arsenal, William Shoemaker,
End of Fort Union |
Americans from the East
| Thomas Jefferson, the Louisiana Purchase
| The Expedition of Zebulon Pike |
| Pikes Peak or Bust / Colorado Gold Rush
Colorado's Role in the US Civil
| The Civil War, Fort Wise / Fort Lyon
| Mace's Hole, Colonel Canby, F.C.V.R.
| Fort Weld |
| The Pet Lambs, John Chivington |
| General Henry Sibly, Battle of Valverde,
Fort Union |
Cripple Creek District Labor Strikes
| The Western Federation of Miners / State
| The 1893 - 1894 Strike | The
Strike of 1903 - 1904 |
| The Mine Owners Association |
| Crimes and Military Rule in the Cripple
Creek District |
| Marshall Law in Cripple Creek District
/ End of the Strike |
Early Cripple Creek District
| Photos, Fire, and Life in Cripple Creek
| Other Colorful Towns in the Cripple Creek
Gillett - Colorado's Only Bullfight, Victor, Independence |
| A Guide to the Miners' Gritty Lingo
More Colorado History
| Bent's Fort Photos, Personalities, Plans,
and More |
| What Was Easter Like at Bent's Fort?
| Colorado Trivia,
Miscellaneous Old Photos,
Western Personalities, Forts, and More |
| Lullabies for Jittery Cows - Cowboy Ballads,
| Heraldry of the Branding Iron |
Aims to Clear Infamous Cannibal, Alferd Packer |
| Lead Gives Alferd
Packer's Story More Weight |
Colorado Love Stories: Baby Doe Tabor & More
| Colorado Pioneer Women: Elizabeth Byers
| Early Denver Jokes / The History of April
Fools' Day |
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