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Highlands Ranch High School - Mr. Sedivy
Highlands Ranch, Colorado

World History
Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire

Ancient Rome

The Pax Romana
(27 BC - 180 AD)

During the Pax Romana period there were 200 years of peace within Rome. Results of the Pax Romana:

Extended borders to Asia Minor and secured frontiers.

Order and good government.

Prosperity. They Improved harbors, cleared forests, drained swamps, and turned unused land into farms.

Roads were built.

Products from all over the empire flowed into Rome.

They built cities and expanded old ones.

Ancient City of Pompeii
View of the Ancient City of Pompeii

Greek Culture Brought from Rome

Greeks came after the conquests. They were brought as slaves to live with the Romans and teach them laws and legal traditions of Greece. Romans added organization, engineering, and a talent for government and law.

Virgil wrote Roman propaganda; Aenid. Horace criticized lives of wealthy Romans. Ovid spoke for the wealthy people. Juvenal criticized cities.

They now made realistic sculptures.

ApolloArch of Nero
Statue of Apollo and Arch of Nero, Both in Pompeii

Romans used the arch, saved on building costs, used concrete, and built structure to last. Some things built by the Roman Empire are still in use today.

The Romans used science for practical things.

Ptolemy: mathematics, geography, and astronomy. They understood that there was a system of planets. In their system, the earth was at the center. This theory was believed until the 16th century.

Galen: medicine. Basis for Western medical knowledge until modern times.

Philosophy - Marcus Aurelius: People should live simple lives, control their emotions, and be self-sufficient.

The Romans thought law should reflect principles of reason and justice, and should protect the citizen's person and property. Their idea that law could be based on just and rational principles could apply to all people, regardless of nationality was a major contribution.

Back to the Top

I - The Etruscans / Romulus and Remus

II - The Roman Republic

III - Augustus Caesar

IV - Rise of the Roman Empire

V - Roman Life and the Spread of Christianity

VI - The Pax Romana and Roman Culture

VII - Decline of the Roman Empire

Class Activity
Roman Aqueduct Project

Further Topical Reading
Historical Jesus

More Information
The Emperors of Rome

Malaria May Have Hastened the Fall of Rome

Virtual Tour of Ancient Rome - Past & Present

The Ancient City of Pompeii

Historical Periods of
World History Class Study

| Prehistory | Mesopotamia & Phoenicians |
| Ancient Egypt | Greece | Rome |
| Medieval History | Renaissance and Reformation |
| Exploration | National Monarchies |
| The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment |
| Colonial America and American Revolution |
| The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era



Highlands Ranch High School 9375 South Cresthill Lane Highlands Ranch, Colorado 80126 303-471-7000

Mr. Sedivy's History Classes
| Colorado History | American Government | Modern European History | Advanced Placement European History | Rise of England | World History |
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