Mr. Sedivy's History
Historical Figures Architecture



US Flag

Mr. Sedivy's
History Classes:

More Features:

Site Search
History QuotesHumor
Submit Links/Info
LinksWhat's New?
Shop for Stuff



Highlands Ranch High School - Mr. Sedivy
Highlands Ranch, Colorado

- World History -
National Monarchies: France
The Bourbons


The Bourbons
The Bourbon family had ruled France since the 16th century. During this time, there were religious wars. Monarchs (Catholic) fought against Nobles, Protestant (Huguenots). In 1562 there was a war between Huguenots and Catholics. This was the start of 30 years of civil war. On August 24, 1572 mobs of Parisians killed 1000s of Huguenots at the Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre.

St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre - 1572. Click the painting for an enlargement.

Henry III of FranceHenry IV of France
Left: Henry III of France struggled to throw off the influence of his
Lieutenant General and adviser supported by Spain, Henry of Guise.
Right: Henry of Navarre became Henry IV of France.

Henry IV (1589 - 1610)
Henry IV was the first Bourbon family ruler. He was a Huguenot but converted to Catholicism. In 1598, the Edict of Nantes (pronounced: Nahnt) gave religious freedom and equal rights to the Huguenots, and brought order after the Civil War. Henry was a nice all-around guy. He brought prosperity. Henry was brave, smart, and very well-loved. He was murdered in 1610 by a religious fanatic.

King Louis XIII
Kneeling statue of King Louis XIII at Notre Dame.

Louis XIII (1610 - 1643)
Louis XIII was nine years old when he took over. His mother, Marie de Medici, ruled France until he was old enough. In 1615, Louis XIII took over but the Huguenots revolted. Louis XIII was timid, sickly, and depressed. He spent most of his time trying to assert himself to his mother and to Richelieu. His wife was Anne of Austria, daughter of the King of Spain. She was selected by Louis' mother, but he never liked Anne.

Louis XIII medal
Louis XIII dedicated his entire kingdom to the Virgin. In the commemorative
medal, the kneeling king symbolically offers the Virgin his crown.

Richelieu was a Catholic cardinal who became chief minister and brought the monarchy new strength. He was a great statesman. Richelieu's main goals were to strengthen the king's authority, and stop Hapsburg expansion. He could be ruthless. Royal power was more important to him than religion was. Shy Richelieu would have France fight on the side of the Protestants against the Catholics - to maintain the Balance of Power. This shows he was more interested in the power of the monarch than in religion.

Back to Top of Page

National Monarchies:

Ferdinand and Isabella, Charles V, Philip II,
Francis Drake, Decline of Spain, and the Cost of War

The Bourbons, Henry IV
Louis XIII, Richelieu, King Louis XIV

King Louis XIV

Richard III
The Tudors - Henry VI, Henry VII

King Henry VIII

The Interesting Life of Queen Elizabeth I

Mary, Queen of Scots

The Stuarts - James I, Charles I, Charles II, James II
Oliver Cromwell

Back to Top of Page

Historical Periods of
World History Class Study

| Prehistory | Mesopotamia & Phoenicians |
| Ancient Egypt | Greece | Rome |
| Medieval History | Renaissance and Reformation |
| Exploration | National Monarchies |
| The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment |
| Colonial America and American Revolution |
| The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era



Highlands Ranch High School 9375 South Cresthill Lane Highlands Ranch, Colorado 80126 303-471-7000

Mr. Sedivy's History Classes
| Colorado History | American Government | Modern European History | Advanced Placement European History | Rise of England | World History |
| Home | Back to top of page | Site Contents |