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Highlands Ranch High School - Mr. Sedivy
Highlands Ranch, Colorado

Dachau Memorial, Germany - Part 2
Dachau Concentration Camp, WWII

International memorial in front of the Wirtschaftsgebaude (now the museum) that contained the kitchen, laundry, storage room for prisoners' belongings, and the notorious shower baths where the SS would torture prisoners by flogging and hanging them at the stake. The memorial was built in 1968 and is a copy of the memorial at Auschwitz - Birkenau extermination camp.

Dachau Concentration Camp, Wirtshaftsgebaude
International Memorial in Front of the Wirtschaftsgebaude (Now the Museum)

The concentration camp was first opened in March, 1933, less than two months after the Nazi Party under Hitler took over the German govenment. The site was a former munitions plant that had been closed at the end of World War I. Even though the original purpose of the camp was more limited in scope (i.e., the detention of Germans who opposed the new government), the 19 or 20 small buildings on the grounds were demolished in 1937 so that an expanded camp with far greater holding capacity could be built.

Dacau Concentration Camp Barracks
The Wohnbaracken (barrack building) was built to house 200 prisoners;
at the time of liberation, each building contained approximately 1600 prisoners.
The camp contained 34 Wohnbaracken.

Although the new camp was set up to hold 5,000 people, it never had less than 12,000 after 1943. On the day ofliberation in April, 1945, the camp had over 30,400 prisoners (plus an additional 37,000 in satellite camps spread out over southern Bavaria).

Dacau Satellite Camps
Diagram in Dachau Museum of Satellite Concentration Camps Surrounding it

It is important here to distinguish between Dachau and other camp names that are well known to the general public: Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka, Flossenbiirg, Bergen-Belsen, and others.

Patches worn by victims of Nazis
Example of Charts that hung in the soldiers' quarters that
identified classifications of prisoners.
Patches were sewn on prisoners' uniforms.

Even though the Dachau facility was considered a "small" camp in southern Germany and not designed for the mass extermination of people, more than 31,000 deaths were recorded; at Auschwitz alone, between 30 and 60 times this number perished in slave-labor factories, in gas chambers, and before firing squads.

Marker: Krematorium;
A Graphic View of an Incinerator

Dachau Incinerators
Dachau Contained Five Incinerators

Dachau Incinertor
Another of the Five Incinerators at Dachau

Gas Chamber at Dachau
The Gas Chamber at Dachau

The Gas Chamber at Dachau was never used.

Many of the deaths at Dachau can be attributed to the harsh regimen and crowded conditions of the camp. Although punishment was severe for even the smallest infraction of the rules, some people were subjected to so-called "testing," a gruesome form of human experimentation.

Dachau, Germany
| Dachau: WWII Concentration Camp Memorial |
| Dachau Memorial 2 | Dachau Memorial 3 |

Liberating Dachau
| World War II - Dachau Concentration Camp Complex |
| Unanswered Questions: Discovery of the Railroad Boxcars |
| I Company Recollections and Quotes |
| Liberating Dachau: The 42nd Division at the Jourhaus |

Famous 20th-Century / World War II Quotes
| Quotes from Europe and Asia - 1900s | Winston Churchill |
| US 20th-Century and World War II Quotes |
| Index of Quotes by Speaker / Historical Period |

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Mr. Sedivy's History Classes
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