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Highlands Ranch High School - Mr. Sedivy
Highlands Ranch, Colorado

Ancient City of Pompeii
Temples of Apollo, Isis, and Jupiter


The Temple of Apollo was built in the third centruy B.C. Originally it was formed of 48 Ionic columns, but in Nero's age they were changed into Corinthian columns.

ApolloTemple of Apollo
Bronze Statue of ApolloRuins and Statue of Apollo in the Center of the Arcade

There were several different deities in the temple: Apollo, Diana the Huntress, and possibly Mercury. The cella is on a high platform and is the most sacred part of the temple.

Apollo in the Arcade
Ruins of the Temple of Apollo in the Forum Arcade

The Temple of Isis is the best preserved temple of Pompeii. It dates from the pre-Roman age and was almost entirely rebuilt after the earthquake of 62 A.D. at the expense of Popidius Celsinus. An inscription above the door mentions that Popidius Celsinus was only six years old when he was elected decurion. The sacred water of the Nile was kept in an underground passage. A large room that was used as a meeting room for the initiates of Isis is behind the temple.

Temple of Isis
Temple of Isis

The Temple of Jupiter was built in the second century B.C. during the Samnite age, and closes the forum square on the north. Dedicated to Juno, Minerva, and Jupiter, it had a vestible or pronaos of twelve Corinthian columns, three on each side and six at the front. Inside, the cella had mosaic marble floors.

Temple of Jupiter
The Temple of Jupiter, Mount Vesuvius in Background

A covered market, The Macellum, was built during the Imperial age. Small shops, or tabernae, were situated outside the covered square. A water basin, or tholos, is in the center of the uncovered area, and toward the right of the Marcellum there is an area with a gutter for water for the fish market.

Temple of Jupiter, Macellum Buildings
Center: Temple of Jupiter. Far Right: Macellum Buildings.

The road leading from the forum to the northern walls of the city has two arches. The arch that face the main road of the city, called Road of Fortuna, is decicated to Caligola, and the arch to the right of the Temple of Jupiter is in honor of Nero Caesar.

Arch of Caligola
Arch of Caligola

Arch of Nero Caesar, Pompeii
Arch in Honor of Nero Caesar; Arch of Caligola is in the Background.

Historical Background of Pompeii - I

Background of Pompeii - II

Entrance to the Ruins and Roads of Pompeii - III

The Forum and Basilica - IV

Temples of Apollo, Isis, and Jupiter - V

Water Supply and the Baths of Pompeii - VI

Pompeii's Mills, Bakery, Laundry, and Brothel - VII

House of the Faun, House of the Vettii,
House of the Large Fountain, and
The House of the Silver Wedding - VIII

House of Marcus Lucretius Fronto,
House of Trebius Valens, House of Loreius Tibertinus,
And the Villa of the Mysteries - IX

Court of the Gladiators, Amphitheatre, and
The Necropolis of Porta Nocera - X

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