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Highlands Ranch High School - Mr. Sedivy
Highlands Ranch, Colorado

Colorado History

- Colorado History -
Colorado's Role in the US Civil War

Mace's Hole
A rumor started that many were staying in a mountain hideout, forming a southern military regiment. This was true. (It was a rumor.) Pueblo was a huge Southern area and those who wanted to serve the South could get hooked up in Pueblo. The mountain hideout was called "Mace's Hole." In the mountains outside of Pueblo, Colonel John Heffinger was the Southern commander put in charge of recruiting and readying this Southern force.

It all began in New Mexico. They probably had ten forts, 3000 New Mexico troops, and Union regular soldiers. They were all spread out. This was a lot. Colonel Edwin Canby was in charge and was responsible for protecting this territory. Canby (Union) was nervous because it was strongly bordered by the Confederate Texas.

Colonel Canby
In July 1861, Colonel Canby sent a letter requesting that Governor Glipin of Colorado send two companies of volunteers to reinforce the depleted garrisons. Glipin immediately recruited two companies of men. Canby's penciled intensified and requested that Glipin send 1000 men (regiment) to relieve them. Governor Glipin commenced to recruit the First Colorado Volunteer Regiment.

Colorado Volunteer Regiment in 1862
Captain Samuel Cook's company of the Colorado Volunteer Regiment came to the rescue of Colonel Edward R. S. Canby in Apache Canyon, New Mexico on March 26, 1862.

A Regiment
A regiment equaled 1000 men, designated with a number, place of recruitment, and responsibility (infantry cavern, etc.). A Colonel, then a Lieutenant Colonel, and Major Captain command a regiment. A regiment is divided into companies designated by a letter. One regiment had 10-12 companies consisting of 75-100 men. A Captain led each company.

First Colorado Volunteer Regiment
The first commander of the First Colorado Volunteer Regiment was Colonel John Scnugh. His second in command was Lieutenant Colonel Sam Tappan. Because Gilpin didn't want to split up the regiment, he requested two independent companies to send to New Mexico. From the Arkansas valley, came Captain Ford's Company and Captain Dodd's Company. Not part of the regiment, Captain Ford's Company went to Fort Union New Mexico. Dodd's Company went to Fort Craig South of Albuquerque, west of the Rio Grande.

Colorado's Role in the US Civil War:
| The Civil War, Fort Wise / Fort Lyon |
| Mace's Hole, Colonel Canby, F.C.V.R. | Fort Weld |
| The Pet Lambs, John Chivington |
| General Henry Sibly, Battle of Valverde, Fort Union |

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- Colorado History In Depth -
Lecture Notes, Reading, and Information:

| The Cheyenne Migration to Colorado |
| The Gratlan Affair, Massacre, Fort Laramie Treaty |

The Cheyenne Social Club
| A Cheyenne War Story: Wolf Road, the Runner |
| Cheyenne Traditions and Beliefs, Sacred Stories |
| Horses, Warriors, War Pipe, Sweatlodge Ceremony |
| Cheyenne War Parties and Battle Tactics |
| The Scalp Dance and Other Cheyenne Dances |

Fort Union
| The Sante Fe Trail and Fort Union |
| Sumner - Ninth Military Department / The First Fort Union |
| Early Arrivals to Fort Union, Daily Life at Fort Union |
| Captain Grover - The New Fort Union, the Confederate Threat |
| Fort Union Arsenal, William Shoemaker, End of Fort Union |

Americans from the East
| Thomas Jefferson, the Louisiana Purchase |
| The Expedition of Zebulon Pike |
| Pikes Peak or Bust / Colorado Gold Rush |

Cripple Creek District Labor Strikes
| The Western Federation of Miners / State Militia |
| The 1893 - 1894 Strike | The Strike of 1903 - 1904 |
| The Mine Owners Association |
| Crimes and Military Rule in the Cripple Creek District |
| Marshall Law in Cripple Creek District / End of the Strike |
Early Cripple Creek District
| Photos, Fire, and Life in Cripple Creek |
| Other Colorful Towns in the Cripple Creek District:
Gillett - Colorado's Only Bullfight, Victor, Independence
| A Guide to the Miners' Gritty Lingo |

More Colorado History Information
| Bent's Fort Photos, Personalities, Plans, and More |

| What Was Easter Like at Bent's Fort? |
| Colorado Trivia, Miscellaneous Old Photos,
Western Personalities, Forts, and More

| Lullabies for Jittery Cows - Cowboy Ballads |
| Heraldry of the Branding Iron |
| Project Aims to Clear Infamous Cannibal, Alferd Packer |
Lead Gives Alferd Packer's Story More Weight |
| Legendary Colorado Love Stories: Baby Doe Tabor & More |
| Colorado Pioneer Women: Elizabeth Byers |
| Early Denver Jokes / The History of April Fools' Day |

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Highlands Ranch High School 9375 South Cresthill Lane Highlands Ranch, Colorado 80126 303-471-7000

Mr. Sedivy's History Classes
| Colorado History | American Government | Advanced Placement Modern European History | Rise of Nation State England | World History |
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