September 16, 2002

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Highlands Ranch High School - Mr. Sedivy
Highlands Ranch, Colorado
Medieval History

World History
Medieval History
- The Middle Ages

Important Events of the Middle Ages

324 - Constantine became Emperor of the Roman Empire.
455 - Vandals sacked Rome.
476 - Fall of the Roman Empire.
481 - Clovis became King of the Franks.
570 - Birth of Muhammad.
732 - Battle of Tours.
800 - Charlemagne is crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
896 - Alfred, King of England, defeats Danish invaders.
988 - Christianity reaches Russia.
1066 - William of Normandy conquers England.
1096 - First Crusade to the Holy Land.
1206 - Genghis Khan founds the Mongol Empire.
1337 - Start of Hundred Years' War between France and England.
1347 - 1351 - Black Death (plague) in Europe.

The Early Middle Ages (500 - 1000)

Adam and Eve after the Fall
Adam and Eve After the Fall.
From the bronze doors of Hildesheim Cathedral, completed in 1015.

The Dark Ages
Early scholars gave the name "Dark Ages" to the period in Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire. During this period, barbarian Goths, Vandals, and Huns swept down on Europe from the north and east. They destroyed many fine buildings and works of art that had existed during Roman times. During the Dark Ages, knowledge survived only in monasteries, and there were very few schools. Many of the old arts and crafts were lost. This is why the time was called the "Dark Ages."

The eastern Roman Empire was not conquered by the barbarians. There, the arts still flourished. People were still thinking and making fine works of art in other parts of the world. In China and India, great civilizations grew and spread. In the 1000s, Europe began to slowly recover from its artistic darkness. The lost knowledge of the ancient Greeks and Romans was found again. There was a new interest in learning, and the richer life of the Middle Ages began.

Bayeux Tapestry
Scene from the Bayeux Tapestry 1066.
The tapestry is the historical record of William the Conqueror.

Sewn, not woven. 230 ft. (70m) long; 72 scenes in Latin.
Click the tapestry scene above to view the entire Bayeux Tapestry.
Norman family tree, 1300s
A 14th-century genealogical tree of William the Conqueror and his Norman successors.

The Age of Feudalism
During the Dark Ages many changes took place.

Less writing, education, trade (called the Dark Ages)

Political fragmentation. There were many leaders. The kings had less power because countries were divided into areas controlled by feudal lords. There were many barbaric tribes.

German political traditions differed - People were loyal to a tribe, not to a country. German legal traditions differed - They had laws for individual tribes. German cultural traditions - They had no written literature, and runes were used for monuments.

The Church preserved ancient writings and Biblical writings. The Christian Church helped unify people of Europe because of its centralized authority and hierarchical nature. The Church unified the people because it was the only constant.

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2. Clovis, Charles the Hammer, Charlemagne,
Magyars, Vikings / The Life of a Serf

3. The Roman Catholic Church in the Middle Ages

4. High Middle Ages / National Monarchies

5. Plague: The Black Death

6. Knights, Code of Chivalry, Heraldry,
and Medieval Warfare

7. The Hundred Years War

8. Medieval Culture

8th- to 15th-Century Poems and Prose
Dante Alighieri, Geoffrey Chaucer, William Langland & more.

Including: Divine Comedy, Beowulf, Canterbury Tales...
Medieval Poetry I
Medieval Poetry & Prose II

More Information
The Entire Bayeux Tapestry

Mr. Sedivy's Tour of Medieval Rothenburg

Medieval Penalties of Shame and Honor -
Crime and Punishment in the Middle Ages

Historical Periods of
World History Class Study

| Prehistory | Mesopotamia & Phoenicians |
| Ancient Egypt | Greece | Rome |
| Medieval History | The Renaissance and Reformation |
| Exploration | National Monarchies |
| The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment |
| Colonial America and American Revolution |
| The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era

Cool Clicks & Related Links:
(Hit your "Back" button to return to this page)

| Medieval Technology | Medieval Music | Training for a Squire |
| Sir Cisto Seversword's Tome of Adventure |
| Medieval Armour | Medieval Armour, Weapons and Warfare |
| Reconstructed Medieval Mechanical Artillery |

| Byzantine and Medieval Links | Medieval Society Official Links |
| Links of Medieval Interest | Internet Medieval Sourcebook |
| The Late Middle Ages | Medievalist: Medieval and Renaissance History |

| The Medieval Inquisition | The Inquisition | The Roman Inquisition |
| Inquisition Regions | Adam to Zion: The Inquisition |
| Inquisition Record of Jacques Fournier |
| The Inquisition and Destruction of Women Shaman Healers |
| From the Inquisition to Descartes |

| The Crusades from the Perspective of World History |
| Charlemagne - King of the Franks |

The list of links will grow with student participation!
Please e-mail pertinent URLs to Mr. Sedivy at:



Highlands Ranch High School 9375 South Cresthill Lane Highlands Ranch, Colorado 80126 303-471-7000

Mr. Sedivy's History Classes
| Colorado History | American Government | Modern European History | Advanced Placement European History | Rise of England | World History |
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