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Highlands Ranch High School - Mr. Sedivy
Highlands Ranch, Colorado

Ancient Rome

World History
Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire

Rome went from being a small town in Italy to being the center of a vast empire. This took hundreds of years and many wars. Rome was a lot like the present day United States - their government (for a while) but, most importantly, our attitude. The Romans were just like us in that they wanted it ALL. Our language, English, (and Spanish and French) comes from their language.

Rome: The Beginning

Romulus and Remus
In 800 BC a Latin Princess had twins, fathered by the god Mars. Since the princess was never supposed to have children, she was punished by having her sons taken from her. They were left on the banks of the Tiber River to die. A she-wolf found the boys and raised them, until she was killed by a shepherd. Then the shepherd took the boys home and raised them. They built a city, then Romulus killed Remus and named it Rome.

Romulus and Remus
Romulus and Remus with the She-Wolf

The Etruscans lived north of Rome in Etruria. No one knows where they came from. The Etruscans spoke a different language than anyone else in the ancient world. They were Italy's first highly civilized people. Etruscan people were farmers, miners, merchants, and metal workers who enjoyed music and dancing. Women had rights; they could own property and go out in public. The Etruscans had a mighty army.

Religion of the Etruscans


Their view of the universe prompted them to build cities to face East and Left. The west (right) represented "gods of death" and was considered unlucky. The center (faced south) represented "humans," and the east (left) was the "gods of the heavens," considered lucky.

They had to find out what the gods wanted.

Soothsayers read the omens from sacrificed animal livers, directions and sounds of thunder, flight of birds.

Etruscans had catacombs, underground tombs of the dead, that were decorated.

They had a necropolis - cemetery, city of the dead.

Necropolis at Pompeii
Necropolis at Porta Nocera in Pompeii

Contributions to Roman Civilization

1. Arch (for building bridges)
2. Sewer system
3. Gladiator games: armed men, men vs. animals, women vs. dwarfs, and animals

arched bridge
The Arch Was Used for Building Bridges

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II - The Roman Republic

III - Writings From the Time of Augustus Caesar

IV - Rise of the Roman Empire

V - Roman Life and the Spread of Christianity

VI - The Pax Romana and Roman Culture

VII - Decline of the Roman Empire

Class Activites
Roman Aqueduct Project

You Are the Imperial Historian of Augustus

Further Topical Reading
Historical Jesus

More Information
The Emperors of Rome

Malaria May Have Hastened the Fall of Rome

Virtual Tour of Ancient Rome - Past & Present

The Ancient City of Pompeii

Historical Periods of
World History Class Study

| Prehistory | Mesopotamia & Phoenicians |
| Ancient Egypt | Greece | Rome |
| Medieval History | Renaissance and Reformation |
| Exploration | National Monarchies |
| The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment |
| Colonial America and American Revolution |
| The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era

Cool Clicks & Related Links:
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Ancient Rome
Imperial Roman Portraits
Ancient Rome Links
Augustus Caesar - First Roman Emperor

The list of links will grow with student participation!
Please e-mail pertinent URLs to Mr. Sedivy at:

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Highlands Ranch High School 9375 South Cresthill Lane Highlands Ranch, Colorado 80126 303-471-7000

Mr. Sedivy's History Classes
| Colorado History | American Government | Modern European History | Advanced Placement European History | Rise of England | World History |
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