What is date rape?
Facts you should know about date rape.
"When someone you know--a date, boyfriend, or casual friend-- forces you
to have sex, it's still rape."
This site gives a good overview
of both GHB and Rohypnol- it's effects and characteristics.
Don't drink anything that has
an unusual taste or appearance (e.g., salty taste, excessive foam, unexplained residue). From the RAINN link to the Santa Monica
rape crisis center
Date rape drug hotline: National Hotline: 1-800-656-4673
Information and educational materials on Rohypnol and GHB directed
toward college students are available from the Rape Treatment
Center at Santa Monica-UCLA Medical Center at 1-800-END-RAPE (1-800-363-7273).
These materials are also being distributed by the U.S. Department of Justice to law enforcement agencies throughout the country.
Behaviour characteristics to
expect from GHB:
“GHB can cause many problems
including the following:
- Changes in blood
- Trouble breathing
- Aggressive behavior
- Impaired judgment
These effects usually appear 10 to 20 minutes after a person takes the drug."
*According to project GHB headaches are also not uncommon.
"Rohypnol, GHB, and ketamine are all central nervous system depressants.
Lower doses of Rohypnol can cause muscle relaxation and can produce general sedative and hypnotic effects. In higher doses,
Rohypnol causes a loss of muscle control, loss of consciousness, and partial amnesia. When combined with alcohol, the toxic
effects of Rohypnol can be aggravated.14 The sedative effects of Rohypnol begin to appear approximately 15–20 minutes
after the drug is ingested. The effects typically last from 4–6 hours after administration of the drug, but some cases
have been reported in which the effects were experienced 12 or more hours after administration.15
GHB has been shown
to produce drowsiness, nausea, unconsciousness, seizures, severe respiratory depression, and coma. Additionally, GHB has increasingly
become involved in poisonings, overdoses, date rapes, and fatalities."
Drug-facilitated rape is defined as sexual
assault made easier by the offender's use of an anesthetic-type drug that renders the victim physically incapacitated or helpless
and unable to consent to sexual activity. Whether the victim is unwittingly administered the drug or willingly ingests it
for recreational use is irrelevant—the person is victimized because of their inability to consciously consent to sexual
GHB described on the DEA website.
Articles on date rape drugs from popular resources.
If a woman suspects a date-rape drug — such as GHB or Rohypnol —
was used in an assault, it is important to get tested for it within four to eight hours.
National Hotline: 1-800-656-4673
A pdf article on date rape drugs and how the experience affects
"How Victims’ Inability to Recall
What Happened Affects the
of a rape investigation are facilitated by a victim’s ability to describe what happened. The victim’s
narrative helps guide the medical/evidentiary examination and the police investigation.
In addition, it may be an important
consideration in prosecutor filing decisions and judgments about credibility. When victims of drug-facilitated rapes cannot
give a complete narrative, they
often encounter suspicion, disbelief, and/or frustration. Their inability to supply information
that could assist the investigation and/or prosecution compounds their sense of helplessness. How People Misjudge and Minimize
Victims’ Trauma. Because most victims
of drug-facilitated rapes have no memory of the sexual assault, people
mistakenly minimize the trauma they suffered. One victim was told, “You’re lucky you can’t remember, you
won’t suffer as much as other victims.” For all rape victims, the loss of control experienced during an assault
is profoundly traumatic. In drug-facilitated rapes, the additional deprivation of cognition during the assault, combined with
anterograde amnesia afterwards, subjects the victim to an extreme form of powerlessness...
How Drugging Is a Unique Form
Many of the difficulties
victims face in the aftermath of these
assaults are due to the effects of the drugs given by offenders. The surreptitious
drugging of a victim is, in and of itself, a cruel and criminal violation of the person. Some victims describe
of the trauma as “mind rape.” The drugging should be recognized as a separate and distinct act of victimization
in addition to any other acts of abuse and degradation to which the victim was subjected. How Being Unable to Forget Compares
With Being Unable to
Remember. In the aftermath of rape, most victims suffer acute stress disorder and post-traumatic
stress disorder symptoms. One of the most disturbing symptoms is their inability to forget what happened. The trauma is reexperienced
repeatedly. Victims commonly have recurrent, intrusive recollections of the rape, including thoughts, flashbacks, and nightmares.
For victims of drug-facilitated rapes, this aspect of the aftermath may be experienced differently. Because they cannot recall
what happened during a significant time period, they have to cope with a gap in their memory. They experience
powerlessness, and humiliation of not knowing what was done to them. They can only imagine what happened.”"
The American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress Home Page Perspectives
on Acquaintance Rape
Date rape drugs
enter GHB in search box or:
Medline is a very well respected
source of medical information. Rohypnol and GHB are not listed under the alphabetical
drug search. You must enter the terms into the main search engine. This link will take you to all available information medline has on the subject.
Acquaintance Rape of College Students
"Rape is the most common violent crime on American college campuses today. This guide describes the problem of acquaintance rape of college students, addressing
its scope, causes and contributing factors; methods for analyzing it on a particular campus; tested responses; and measures
for assessing response effectiveness."
"Description: A clear liquid. Looks just like water. Can be
mistaken for water because it is usually found in a small (30ml) clear plastic bottle, a water bottle, or even Gatorade bottles,
which contains several doses. One quick taste, and you'll know it's not water. Not as common, but also found as a white powder.
Infact powder use is on the rise!
Effects: Intoxication, increased energy, happiness, talking,
desire to socialize, feeling affectionate and playful, mild disinhibition, sensuality, enhanced sexual experience, muscle
relaxation, loss of coordination due to loss of muscle tone, possible nausea, difficulty concentrating, loss of gag reflex.
Many people have bad reactions. These can include nausea, headaches, drowsiness,
dizziness, amnesia, vomiting, loss of muscle control, respiratory problems, loss of consciousness, being conscious but unable
to move, and death- Especially when combined with alcohol or other drugs.
of large doses:
Disinhibition, sedation, desire to sleep, rambling incoherent speech, giddiness, silliness, difficulty thinking, slurred speech,
passing out, and death. Here's one scenario: While You Were Sleeping - Online Presentation of GHB Dangers
***WARNING - if your friend passes out, always seek medical
attention immediately, no matter what anyone else tells you."
Official documents on date rape
to download. Look here for technical info.
This site has lots of links to
other sites on date rape drugs. It’s purpose is for journalists to research