Oliver's Site

5. Egypt

Table of Contents | 1. Earth | 2. The Origin of Life and Evolution of Man | 3. Civilisation | 4. Fertile Crescent | 5. Egypt | 6. Indus Valley | 7. Yellow River (Haung He/Huang Ho) | 8. Hittites, Canaanites, Phoenicians, Assyrians | 9. New World (B. C./Pre-Columban) | 10. Greeks and Persians | 11. Rome ( - B. C. - A. D. 96) | 12. Saul of Tarsus | 13. Rome ( - A. D. 275) | 14. Rome and Byzantium (Nova Roma) | 15. Islam | 16. Charlemagne | 17. Vikings | 18. Turks, Crusaders, Mongols, Moors, Explorers and Conquistadors | 19. Reformation, Enlightenment (1300s -1700s) | 20. Mid-1700s - early 1900s | 21. The Great War | 22. Inter-War Years | 23. The War in Europe and Africa | 24. Second World War | 25. War in the Pacific | 26. Defeating the Axis in Europe and Africa | 27. End of Japanese Imperialism | 28. Ending the War | 29. Conquest of Space | 30. Averting Nuclear War | 31. End of Empire | 32. Man on the Moon | 33. Arms Race and Limitation | 34. Lifting the Iron Curtain | 35. Outer Space | 37. | 42.

Continued from previous page, 4. Fertile Crescent

Continued from previous page, 4. Fertile Crescent

The Dawn of History
Program # 1 of the 1989 lecture series,
The Western Tradition, by Eugen Weber of UCLA
This program runs 27 min., 32 sec. Beware of other "uploads" of this same program on You Tube that have been edited and shortened
The Ancient Egyptians
Program # 2 of the 1989 lecture series The Western Tradition by Eugen Weber at UCLA 









Some scholars believe that civilization first appeared in the Nile River Delta on the Mediterranean Sea coast and spread east and west along the coast and southward along the river. This area is in Egypt.


Many scholars believe the civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt arose more or less simultaneously and developed contemporaneously.



Nile River




Source: Middle School 6th Grade Social Studies




Nile River



Ancient Egypt—The Gift of the Nile


Lecture # 4 of the course History of the Ancient World by Gregory Aldrete (The Great Courses)


Removed from You Tube






Ethiopia, Source of the Blue Nile


Documentary with Joanna Lumley


1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_E17dCWtAOk&feature=related


2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dCFC2AO4ZYM&feature=relmfu


3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qGF2Q-0HXHI&feature=relmfu




Mystery of the Nile -  The Gift of Ethiopia




Part 1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qJ1qAW4EUW4 


Part 2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_v4QLxJAVL8



Before the Pyramids   -    

The Origins of Egyptian Civilization


Lecture by Emily Teeter at the Oriental Institute, U of Chicago, 2011



Father Nile (Egypt)

Silent film by the Bray Studios (1931)

Part 1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2aiuFZHt1yU

Part 2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oLwKS4uo_po










Early civilization in Egypt




(3 clips)


1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3w1x8nVD4xs


2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uZKMzU207MM


3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H8aroa92F40



The Nile - Ethiopia & Egypt


Episode from the Civilizations documentary series


6 clips


1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v_a3N0mx8zE


2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pk11AlrQrKg


3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RCrwWTUPVm4


4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8v97Hj8isyI


5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=07f09W9T9-8


6. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6JQ6g_gV_Og







"Egypt is older than Mesopotamia."  


History of Ancient Egypt


48-lecture course with Robert Brier (Great Courses)


First 40 lectures currently available on You Tube


Course description and video preview




Preview on You Tube:




1. Introduction


Basic divisions of prehistory   -   Problems in studying prehistoric civilizations



2. Prehistoric Egypt

Mythology, religion, and philosophy of ancient Egyptians



3. Ancient Egyptian Thought

Napoleon  1798   -   Description de l'Egypte




4. Napoleon and the Beginnings of Egyptology


The Rosetta Stone   -   Four scripts of Ancient Egyptian   -   Three ways of hieroglyphic signs




5. The Rosetta Stone and Much More


History's first nation   -   First king of Egypt, King Narme,r unifies Upper and Lower Egypt   -   Political structure of ancient Egypt   -   The Narmer Palette




6. The First Nation in History


Traditions   -   capital city, burial places, pyramids, solar boats



7. The Rise of the Old Kingdom

Sneferu, founder of the Fourth Dynasty,  Sneferu   -   building a pyramid   -   artistic standards


8. Sneferu, the Pyramid Builder

Pyramids building   -   144-foot solar boat found near the Great Pyramid in 1954


9. The Great Pyramid of Giza


Sun worship   -   chaos



10. The End of the Old Kingdom

Egypt collapses   -   Reconstructing history


Continued . . . to lecture # 40

Part 37. Dynasty XXII  -  Egypt United


Part 38. Dynasty XXV - The Nubians Have Their Day


Part 39. Dynasty XXVI - The Saite Period


Part 40. Dynasty XXVII—The Persians



Lectures 41 - 48 N. A.






Engineering an Empire











Ancient Egypt -


Greatest Pharoahs 3,000 to 30 B. C.


3-part documentary series


1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d1LzzJkVKsU


2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HtDTyyf1awo


3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qUdcPCxYwsU



Romer's Egypt


Three-part documentary series (1982)


1. 5000 - 2215 BC




2. 2700 - 1070 BC   




3. The Age of Empire - New Kingdom - 1570 - 1070 BC





Ancient Lives


Four-part documentary with John Romer (1994)


1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hnsNwwwHm2I


2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tEjRDK2uOVk


3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XX7nMXFW-xE


4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uPBz5q0n8LE






Hyksos conquer and settle in Egypt





Warrior Pharaohs


Episode from the documentary series Egypt's Golden Empire (2001)





Pharaohs of the Sun


Episode from the documentary series Egypt's Golden Empire (2001)






Battle and Siege of Megiddo


Late 1400s BC


Egyptians fight Canaanites 





The Battle of Megiddo


TuthmosIs III   -   Egypt's Napoleon


Episode from the National Geographic documentary series Ancient Egyptians














Battle of Megiddo


Episode from the Ancient Egyptians documentery series (2003)


5 clips


1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x7UAsO1hn9c


2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Ttsr6Dk4F8&feature=relmfu


3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WjePNvjbnVY&feature=relmfu


4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lChOb1dwQq4&feature=relmfu


5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0BTAFSB1Uyw&feature=relmfu



Ramesses II


ca. 1303 BC – 1213 BC


                Ramesses II



The Last Great Pharaoh


Episode from the documentary series Egypt's Golden Empire (2001)


Ramesses II







Battle of Kadesh


1274 B. C.


Egyptians, led by Pharoah Ramesses II, fight the Hittites




Ramesses: Raging Chariots


Episode from the documentary series Battles B.C 


The Battle of Kadesh





Battle of Kadesh


Episode from the documentary series Decisive Battles (22 min.)





Battles of Meggido and Kadesh


Lecture # 5 from the course on Great Battles of the Ancient World by Garrett Fagan





The Battle of Kadesh


A Debate between the Egyptian and Hittite Persepectives


Robert Ritner and Theo van den Hout


Oriental Institute (2016)











Episode from the documentary series Legacy: The Origins of Civilization with Michael Wood 












Napoleon conquers Egypt





Tomb robbers, the antiquities trade 




2 parts


Part 1. Early plundering by British and French


Egypt: Temple of the Sands


(7 clips)


1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aCqevwoYE2Q  


2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ODJ0XE5rKGI&feature=relmfu


3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yps9jFoXQ3Q&feature=relmfu


4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xln086-cmUI&feature=relmfu


5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QAW17bxwS_s&feature=relmfu


6. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4dADxPyIToo&feature=relmfu


7. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Caw2cUWyeg&feature=relmfu




Part 2. Abul Simbel


Egypt: Pharaoh and the Showman


(7 clips) 


1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wPaGQNiUDQU&feature=relmfu


2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=krRRuvkMcCc&feature=relmfu


3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aGl1sWEAuiY&feature=relmfu


4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7pvM8HvHtZY


5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZcFQL_y_wRo&feature=relmfu


6. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RWPYuucIYBY&feature=relmfu


7. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JYX1ETEO-kk&feature=relmfu




Decyphering Hieroglyphs



Rosetta Stone


             Rosetta Stone




The Rosetta Stone


Episode # 2 of 10 from the documentary series Ancient Mysteries with Leonard Nimoy




or in 5 clips:


1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2iVkW_nToCc


2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UqckgJ82XWk&feature=relmfu


3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wrUVm_mnFYw&feature=relmfu


4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A1wBkgn2as4&feature=relmfu


5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O0JNB2ctJkE&feature=relmfu




Jean-François Champollion and the Rosetta Stone


Two documentaries


Part 1


1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9YkhqPJT24A


2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vDSbMGDMJr8


3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I9tYUXXD89U


4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KV248M7cmdw


5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8V6oGDpwVZ0


6. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q4RKa_3wXZQ


7. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_GSBvDXEvWc


8. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gyuUrazG2ms


Part 2


1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4XXEtie80V0


2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GIKC_H7k8Zo


3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uY-g1FCTOJw


4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Q2fjl8JOaA


5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jlpI5E0dFZI 


6. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ANQFjzwJCc


7. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KU6NPT7fy1U







Egyptian Gods


Horus with the crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt



Lost Gods


(doc., 3 clips)


1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vCehEpKnP5w


2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-K6k5cG3Z8&feature=relmfu


3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pj74FRPEaOQ&feature=relmfu


or 2 clips


1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rgq7-n1nOiQ


2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1kStPbmiLic&feature=relmfu




Isis and Osiris


Isis, Osiris and Horus









Giza, Pyramids of [Credit: © Sylvain Grandadam—Stone/Getty Images]


Pyramids of Giza

Pyramids of Giza




Documentary films about some of the theories about the pyramids



Great Pyramid of Giza





Khufu Revealed


(Khufu  =  Cheops) 





Revelations of the Pyramid





4,500-year-old fragment of papyrus found in Egypt



4,500-Year-Old Harbor (and Papyrus) Discovered in Egypt


Uploaded 2013





Oldest Egyptian writing on papyrus displayed for first time


Uploaded 14 July 2016






The Sphinx


The Sphinx, Giza, Egypt


Standard Timeline



The Great Sphinx


Episode # 7 of 10 from the documentary series Ancient Mysteries with Leonard Nimoy






Riddle of the Sphinx







Talkin' it up!


Some documentaries about theories about the pyramids and the Sphinx


The Age of the Sphinx



Sphinx - Mystery in Stone








Secrets of the Pyramids and the Sphinx


Episode from the documentary series History's Mysteries


Graham Hancock


1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PotS7hPQZTU


2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lWGwNC0WJE0&feature=relmfu 


3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PPsAskGCluw&feature=relmfu


4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2nSOrDu3B6I&feature=relmfu


5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cRaJ_ey6kGA&feature=relmfu




1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h3Ad2IsFvoY&feature=related


2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DCkQGMj_sRM&feature=relmfu



The Mystery of the Sphinx


Charlton Heston presents the theories of John Anthony West









Some documentaries about Ancient Egypt



Egypt Uncovered


5 episodes


Episode 1. Chaos and Kings (5 clips) 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OwqYjoOJ7Sc 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SU1qGz5poyc&feature=relmfu 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vkpr2CfyQGU&feature=relmfu 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hm4dgYL0pVI&feature=relmfu 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ytPhdiO738&feature=relmfu 


Episode 2. Pyramid   -   Resurrection Machine

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ESVy9_ekVKI&feature=relmfu


2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oTOOu4l8ehE&feature=relmfu 


3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4atU2ELZ7oM&feature=relmfu 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jhnIkiLRuwA&feature=relmfu 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1szt52DQSkY&feature=relmfu 


Episode 3. Age of Gold


1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rwBB8Hn0ltU&feature=relmfu 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TX5usAwizvc&feature=relmfu 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zVXXZxTIvLM&feature=relmfu 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2Y0o2WoERI&feature=relmfu 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8wKOuf5ozVU&feature=relmfu 


Episode 4. Dieties and Demons

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vwcBknhF55U&feature=relmfu 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QRuSiD8MkfU&feature=relmfu 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HRna8RKNFYs&feature=relmfu 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RBUngJ85rWM&feature=relmfu 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YMr8dMj6u6Q&feature=relmfu 


Episode 5. Mummies Into the Afterlife

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d7zFKoUn1o4&feature=relmfu 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JGb5XUXXhDU&feature=relmfu 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LmPoER_t3Iw&feature=relmfu 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W8Vs9LOy1rc&feature=relmfu 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bcnB0Wm13KQ&feature=relmfu







Pharaohs, Tombs, and Gods


Lecture by Gregory Aldrete, # 5 from History of the Ancient World





Life and Death in Ancient Egypt


Documentary from the BBC programme Chronicle











Egyptian Maths


Ancient Chinese = Ancient Egyptians = modern computers (multiplication and division methods)











Egypt's Christians


The Coptic Orthodox Church



Christians of the Nile Valley







The city and its texts







Provincial Cultures in the Principate


Lecture by Dominic Rathbone


6 June 2015











History of Egypt to Today (to 2008)


By a blogger (2 clips)


1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gRW7h8PeXtk&feature=related


2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ZB87C7_gSQ&feature=relmfu 


3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lJ8WQcPN0Hw



Egypt in the last 800 years (to 2011) 


By another blogger







The Mameluks



The Mamluks


Discussion of the BBC weekly program In Our Time with Melvyn Bragg, September 2013


The Mamluks were brought from the Caucasus to Egypt as slaves and eventually ruled Egypt and Syria from ca. 1250 to 1517. They stopped the Mongol invaders and Crusaders and dominated the Middle East until their defeat by the Ottoman Turks. 






Continue to next page, 6. Indus Valley

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