Tin 8/13/01

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Thong Cao Bao Ch Ngay 13.8.2001 Cua Uy Ban Bao Ve Quyen Lam Ngi Viet Nam



* Ban phuc trnh ve xoa bo Ky th chung toc cua Phai oan Ha Noi trc Uy hoi Nhan quyen LHQ b Uy ban Bao ve Quyen lam Ngi Viet Nam phan bac

* Lien Hiep Quoc tuyen xng ai lao H.T Thch Huyen Quang la Ngi tu v lng thc b bat b trai phep



Khoa hop lan th 53 cua Phan ban Nhan quyen Lien Hiep Quoc ang dien ra tai ien Quoc lien Geneve suot thang 8. Nhan dp nay, Uy ban Bao ve Quyen lam Ngi Viet Nam len tieng nhac lai hien trang bat b cac nha lanh ao cac ton giao tai Viet Nam; trong co trng hp ai lao Hoa thng Thch Huyen Quang va quan che 2 nam Hoa thng Thch Quang o ke t hom 1.6.01. Nam nay, Uy hoi Nhan quyen Lien Hiep Quoc chnh thc tuyen xng ai lao Hoa thng Thch Huyen Quang, X ly Thng vu Vien Tang Thong, Giao hoi Phat giao Viet Nam Thong nhat, la "Ngi tu v lng thc b bat b trai phep", sau khi To Hanh ong chong Bat b trai phep cua Lien Hiep Quoc at th en nha cam quyen Ha Noi, hom 12.9.2000, hoi ly do bat b Hoa thng nhng khong c Ha Noi bien chnh hay tra li. Trong hai ngay 8 va 9.8.2001, Phai oan Ha Noi do ong Nguyen Quy Bnh, ai s Thng trc tai Lien Hiep Quoc Geneve, cam au ben canh ba Hoang Bch Lien, chuyen gia thuoc Vu Quoc te cua Bo Ngoai giao t Ha Noi sang, a trnh bay ban Phuc trnh dai 25 trang anh may ve hien trang tai Viet Nam tren lnh vc xoa bo ky th chung toc trc Uy ban Xoa bo Ky th chung toc cua Lien Hiep Quoc.

Vao luc 14 gi chieu th nam 8.8.01, trc khi Phai oan Ha Noi len tieng phuc trnh, cac chuyen gia Lien Hiep Quoc a nghe Uy ban Bao ve Quyen lam Ngi Viet Nam phan bac phuc trnh cua Ha Noi, ma Uy ban co trong tay t truc. Uy ban Xoa bo Ky th chung toc cua Lien Hiep Quoc bao gom 17 chuyen gia thuoc cac nuc Anh, Argentina, An o, B, Cuba, Cyprus, c, Egypt, Ecuador, Guinea, Hoa Ky, Nam Phi, Nga, Phap, Pakistan, Rumania va Trung quoc. Ba Patricia Nozipho January-Bardill, Bao cao vien LHQ ac nhiem chong Ky th chung toc, a khen ngi va nong nhiet cam n Uy ban Bao ve Quyen lam Ngi Viet Nam cung cap nhng tin tc chnh xac, cu the ve hien trang ky th chung toc tai Viet Nam, ac biet oi vi ong bao Thng Tay nguyen cung nh cac nhom dan toc t ngi thng du Bac Viet. Nh the, ba noi, chung toi se hieu ro hn khi lat na ay ngoi nghe ban Phuc trnh cua Ha Noi.

Trong phuc trnh phan bac Ha Noi nay, Uy ban Bao ve Quyen lam Ngi Viet Nam dung cac c lieu e minh chng rang nha cam quyen Ha Noi a gia tang chnh sach an ap oi vi cac dan toc t ngi. Uy ban cung to cao cac sac luat, ngh nh gian ac nham vo hieu cac van kien bao ve Quyen con ngi, nhng cuoc cung bc hang trieu ngi i vung Kinh te mi, cng chiem at ai cua to tien ngi Thng giao cho am thc dan ngi Viet, cac cuoc an ap ton giao, nhng cuoc bat b trai phep, tra tan, lua quan oi chiem ong buon lang ngi Thng sau cac cuoc bieu tnh thang 2.2001, cung nh cng bc phu n dan toc t ngi khong c sinh san. Ke t nam 1982, khi ky ket tham gia cac Cong uc quoc te cua Lien Hiep Quoc, theo le Viet Nam phai moi hai nam mot lan en phuc trnh tnh trang nhan quyen trong nuc mnh trc Uy hoi Nhan quyen Lien Hiep Quoc tai Geneve.  Nhng Ha Noi a vang mat cac nam 1993, 1995, 1997 va 1999. Nam nay, 2001, mi gop chung 8 nam ay vao mot ban Phuc trnh oc nhat. Nhan nh ve ban Phuc trnh nay, ong Vo Van Ai, Chu tch Uy ban Bao ve Quyen lam Ngi Viet Nam, tuyen bo : "That ang tiec rang nha cam quyen Viet Nam van gi mai chnh sach "tuyen bo" oi vi cong ong quoc te : oi vi Ha Noi, ch can tuyen bo moi s eu tot ep, moi quyen con ngi c ton trong tai Viet Nam, la co the phui tay trc cac ngha vu phai thc hien oi vi cong ong the gi Trong nhan quan ay, ban Phuc trnh cua Viet Nam ch la mot tam vai chap va nhng li tuyen bo ay nguy tn nham che khuat thc tai an ap cac dan toc t ngi. Mat khac, ban Phuc trnh cho thay s be tac toan dien ve nhng nguyen tac phap ly c ban dung e an ap (nh "an ninh quoc gia", "quan che hanh chnh" chang han) ma Lien Hiep Quoc a to cao la nhng ieu nguy hiem cho Quyen con ngi".

Ban phuc trnh 22 trang phan bac Ha Noi cua Uy ban Bao ve Quyen lam Ngi Viet Nam mang ta e "Xam pham Quyen cac Dan toc t ngi vung Thng du Bac Viet va Tay nguyen Trung phan" a uc gi en tan tay cac chuyen gia Lien Hiep Quoc ba tuan le trc khi khoa hop lan th 53 khai mac tai Geneve, nay em ra trnh bay truc Uy ban Xoa bo Ky th chung toc cua Lien Hiep Quoc luc 14 gi chieu th nam 8.8.01.

Sau ay, vao luc 15 gi cung ngay, ong Nguyen Quy Bnh oc ban Phuc trnh cua Ha Noi. Nghe xong, cac chuyen gia Lien Hiep Quoc at nhieu cau hoi thac mac. ac biet cau hoi cua ba Gabriele Britz (c): "Suot ban phuc trnh ong luon dung ch "ethnic" sau cac sac luat hay d an ve chng trnh giao duc, cac trung hoc, v.v... danh cho cac dan toc t ngi. Nh vay chng to cac ong a ky th cac dan toc t ngi, xem ho "bat bnh thng" so vi ngi Kinh "bnh thng"?". Ong Bnh xin loi rang ong khong hieu noi dung cua cau hoi va xin c giai thch. Ong Michael E. Sherifis (Cyprus), Chu tch Uy ban, ap: "Ong co mot em e suy ngh ve cac cau hoi cua chung toi hom nay, ngay mai (9.8.01) ong rang tra li trc Uy ban".

Chuyen gia Lien Hiep Quoc Regis de Gouttes (Phap) th ch trch s khang nh cua Ha Noi khi tuyen bo "khong he co ky th chung toc tai Viet Nam". Ong cho rang "chang co quoc gia nao trong the gii dam khang nh nh the". Sang hom sau, ong Bnh cong nhan y kien nay, nhng khong giai thch g them.

Bao cao vien Lien Hiep Quoc ac nhiem chong ky th chung toc, ba Patricia Nozipho January-Bardill (Nam Phi) anh gia ban Phuc trnh cua Ha Noi thieu cac d lieu cu the neu ro nhng hnh anh chi tiet ve s phan bo cung s tien hoa cac dan toc t ngi trong cong ong Viet Nam. iem nay, Uy ban Bao ve Quyen lam Ngi Viet Nam nhan xet rang dan so Viet Nam khong ngng gia tang, nam 1975 ong bao Thng Tay nguyen co 1,5 trieu ngi, the nhng ban Phuc trnh cua Ha Noi ch c lng 5 en 600.000 ma thoi, qua ay co the hieu ra s "mat mat" hay ao thai dan so to ln dng nao.

Cac chuyen gia Lien Hiep Quoc at mot loat cau hoi ve tieu chuan chon la, tnh cach ai dien va hieu nang cua cac ai dien dan toc t ngi Quoc hoi. Ba Gabriele Britz (c) to ve nghi ng ve s tham d thc hu cua cac dan toc t ngi vao guong may Nha nuc; ba t hoi ve tnh cach cng ep cua chnh sach giao duc qua cac ky tuc xa danh cho thieu nhi thuoc dan toc t ngi (de a ti s ong hoa), hay bo buoc ri bo nhng phng phap trong trot truyen thong cua to tien, hoac van e ke hoach hoa nhan khau nh cng bc phu n khong c thu thai.

Trong khi ban Phuc trnh cua Ha Noi khoe khoang ve cac luat phap bao ve dan toc t ngi, th chuyen gia Lien Hiep Quoc, ong Luis Valencia-Rodriguez (Ecuador) hoi ve cac the thc thc hien cho s bao ve nay ma ban Phuc trnh chang he nhac ti. Phu hoa vi cac chuyen gia Lien Hiep Quoc khac, ong nhan xet ban Phuc trnh a hoan toan im lang ve nhng trung hp b ky th c em ra xet x truc cac toa an. Ong cung noi rang luat phap Viet Nam con thieu chuyen ngan nga nan ky th chung toc. iem nay, chuyen gia Lien Hiep Quoc, ong Regis de Gouttes (Phap) nhan xet rang, trong danh sach cac luat phap bao ve c nhac nh qua ban Phuc trnh a bo sot nhng ieu quy nh nham han che s bao ve ay, nh ieu 4 tren Hien phap nam 1992 ban cap cho chu ngha Mac-Lenin va t tung Ho Ch Minh oc ton quan ly xa hoi, ieu 70 tren cung Hien phap bat buoc s t do ton giao phai quy phuc chnh sach cua Nha nuc, lai na, cac ieu trong Bo Luat Hnh s ve "an ninh quoc gia" nham len an nhng hoat ong hay thai o lam rac roi ang cong san Viet Nam, hoac ieu 205a trong bo Luat Hnh s trng phat "s li dung cac quyen t do dan chu va cac quyen can ban xam pham li ch cua Nha nuc".

Cac chuyen gia Lien Hiep Quoc, ong Chengyuan Tang (Trung quoc), ong Patrick Thornberry (Anh) va ong Regis de Gouttes (Phap) bieu to s quan ngai cua Uy ban Xoa bo Ky th chung toc cua LHQ ve t do ton giao tai Viet Nam va yeu cau Phai oan Ha Noi giai thch. Ve "thieu so ton giao" nay, chuyen gia LHQ Regis de Gouttes nhac nh en cac cuoc an ap ton giao do Uy ban Bao ve Quyen lam Ngi Viet Nam cung cap. Ong neu len trung hp cua Hoa thng Thch Quang o, Vien trng Vien Hoa ao, Giao hoi Phat giao Viet Nam Thong nhat, a b bat tham van vao thang 10 nam 2000 ch v cam au phai oan cua Giao hoi i cu tr cac nan nhan b lu lut tai ong bang song Cu Long.

Cac chuyen gia Lien Hiep Quoc con chat van ve cac vu chiem at cua to tien cac dan toc t ngi, can tr t do i lai, cng bc phu n thuoc dan toc t ngi khong c thu thai, dung quan oi an ap nhng cuoc bieu tnh bat bao ong cua ngi Thung Tay nguyen hoi thang 2.2001, so phan Ngi Vt bien Viet Nam tr ve t cac trai Hong Kong, Ma Lai ..., cung hoan canh cac tre em lai My sau cuoc chien va qua. Phai oan Ha Noi a tra li cac iem tren ay vao sang th Sau 9.8.01 bang nhng li tuyen bo chung chung, nhng khang nh vo bang. Nhng nhat thiet khong chu i vao chi tiet hay cu the cua bat c cau hoi nao. Ho lap i lap lai luan c trong ban Phuc trnh a ra chieu hom truc, ngha la tong ket mot doc nhng "13.000 van ban phap ly, trong co 40 ieu luat va bo luat, tren 120 quyet nh, gan 850 ngh nh cua Chnh phu va Thu tng, cung tren 3000 van kien phat xuat t cac Bo va Cuc cua Nha nuc nham thiet lap mot guong may bao am s ap dung luat phap".

Hai s kien lam noi bat len trnh o va kha nang cua ong ai s Nguyen Quy Bnh, Trng phai oan Ha Noi.  Ay la khi cac chuyen gia thuoc Uy ban Xoa bo Ky th chung toc cua Lien Hiep Quoc tuyen dng no lc cua cac to chc Phi chnh phu, nh Uy ban Bao ve Quyen lam Ngi Viet Nam, a cung cap thong tin chnh xac va cu the cho Lien Hiep Quoc. Li tuyen dng nay lam ong ai s Nguyen Quy Bnh noi nong, ong hung ho phan ng nh Tarzan noi gian: "Xin cac chuyen gia Lien Hiep Quoc ch nen nghe nhng thong tin do chnh phu Viet Nam cung cap ma tho Ch nghe li cac to chc "goi la" Phi chnh phu kia, ma y kien cua chung rat "xo xien", "khong khach quan" va "vo trach nhiem". Chuyen gia Lien Hiep Quoc, ong Yuri Reshetov (Lien bang Nga), Pho chu tch Uy ban Xoa bo Ky th chung toc, lien phan ng manh: "Cac chuyen gia LHQ thuoc Uy ban Xoa bo Ky th chung toc cua Lien Hiep Quoc la nhng ca nhan oc lap, ho co tha hieu biet e t phan oan nhng nguon tin cung cap cho cong tac va kha nang van hanh cua ho". Ong Vo Van Ai th bnh luan: "S kien nay cho chung ta thay ro nao trang cua mot THIEU SO cam quyen gom 2 trieu ang vien cong san, ma v ac quyen ac li, a xam pham nhng ky th chung toc trang trn nhat, nhng an ap ton giao va chnh tr khoc liet nhat oi vi A SO 77 trieu dan Viet Nam".

S kien th hai, la ap cau hoi cua ba Gabriele Britz (c) ve cach chon cac ai bieu dan toc t ngi vao Quoc hoi, ong Nguyen Quy Bnh boc lo s that t tiem thc, rat Freud, cua ong: "Ho a c Chon Len mot cach t do ... " (They are freely SELECTED...). Nhng mot thanh vien cua phai oan ngoi canh ong, chac la co van hay thu trung, thuc cui cho vao ong, ong lien noi cha: "A... a... y toi muon noi: "Ho c Bau C len mot cach t do ..." (They are freely ELECTED)!


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