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Highlands Ranch High School - Mr. Sedivy
Highlands Ranch, Colorado

- World History -
Personalities of the Italian Renaissance

Early Renaissance

Petrarch (1304 - 1347)
(Fransesco) Petrarch is considered the "Father of the Renaissance." Petrarch found old Roman works and studied them, and he also encouraged others to study them. Petrarch wrote love poems to "Laura" (like Dante's Beatrice). His poems were more realistic than the courtly love poems of the troubadours. He was a Catholic, but held a more secular view. Petrarch wrote constantly, and died while writing.

Machiavelli was a writer. He wrote "The Prince."

Painters and Sculptors

Giotto (1276 - 1337)
Giotto was a painter. He began the trend of more life-like representations of people in painting - more 3-D. (His paintings were too strange for his lifetime, and were ignored until the Renaissance.)

Giotto: FaithMourning of Christ, Giotto
GIOTTO: Wall paintings in the Cappella dell'Arena in Padua, 1306.
Left: Faith. Right: The Mourning of Christ.

Sandro Botticelli was a 15th-century painter, notably the "Birth of Venus."

Botticelli, The Birth of Venus
BOTTICELLI: The Birth of Venus, 1485.
Painted for the Villa of Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici.
Click the painting for an enlargement.

Donatello (1386 - 1466)
Donatello was a sculptor.

St. GeorgeHerod's Feast, Donatello
Left: St. George, 1416. Marble statue from the Church of Or San Michele, Florence.
Right: Herod's Feast, 1427. Gilt bronze relief from a font in S. Giovanni, Siena.

High Renaissance

Raphael (1483 - 1520)
Raphael was a painter, designed buildings, and studied the ruins of Rome.

Raphael, Pope Leo X
RAPHAEL, Pope Leo X (Medici)
with two cardinals
- 1518

Raphael, Galatea
RAPHAEL, Galatea - 1543
Click art for an enlargement.

RAPHAEL, School of Athens


Michelangelo (1475 - 1564)
Michelangelo was a painter and sculptor, the Sistine Chapel.

Creation of Adam
The Creation of Adam. 1508-1512
Section of ceiling of Sistine Chapel
Click art for an enlargement

Last Judgement
The Last Judgement. 1534-1541
Altar wall of Sistine Chapel

Click art for an enlargement
David. 1501-1504
Marble, approx. 13' 5" high
Click art for an enlargement


Leonardo da Vinci (1469 - 1527)
Leonardo da Vinci was a painter, sculptor, inventor, etc. Leonardo da Vinci is THE "Renaissance Man," but he was/is less well-known than Michelangelo.

More information:
The Life, Art, Anatomical Studies, and Inventions of Leonardo da Vinci


Self Portrait - 1512
Red chalk

study of wing
Study of the
Construction and
Control of a Wing
Pen and ink
A bat-like wing with
flexible construction.
Mona Lisa
Mona Lisa
1502 - 1503
Proportions of the
Human Figure
After Vitruvius

Pen and ink


Brunelleschi designed the dome on the Florence Cathedral in 1420.

Florence Cathedral
Florence Cathedral - 1420

Dome design by

1. What Was the Renaissance?

2. Personalities of the Italian Renaissance

3. Renaissance Art

4. The Protestant Reformation

5. Martin Luther, Lutheranism

6. John Calvin, Calvinism

7. Anglicanism and King Henry VIII

8. French Huguenots,
Summary of the Protestant Reformation

9. Renaissance and Reformation Quotes

10. Most Important Invention of the Renaissance

Related Information
The Life, Art, Anatomical Studies, and
Inventions of Leonardo da Vinci

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Historical Periods of
World History Class Study

| Prehistory | Mesopotamia & Phoenicians |
| Ancient Egypt | Greece | Rome |
| Medieval History | The Renaissance and Reformation |
| Exploration | National Monarchies |
| The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment |
| Colonial America and American Revolution |
| The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era



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