The site was last updated on
24 Aug 2000
First steps of First aid
This week's tip is for all of the
dogs owners. These are the basic steps of how to handle a dog that got injured in any way.
The first aid means, taking the dog away of the injury place to a safer one and take care
so the injury won't get worst. A right care and action, will be able to act the body's
motion, make the pain easier to the dog, and let the curing begin. But a wrong treatment,
while the handler is in a mental feelings, might work wrong with wrong actions that can
hurt the dog more. It is important to work fast and comely while a professional help has
Breathing: Look at the dog's chest and check if the breathing is regular. In a regular
position, the dog will breath in the beet of 20-30 breathing a min. Many times it is
faster after a traffic accident. A short breath that a longer one comes after it, might
show that the dog got hurt in his breathing system.
Breathing system: if the dog is unconscious, pull forward his head and neck, open the
mouth and take out all things that might close the air hole. Then pull the tong gently
out. This action is very important at breeds with flat faces, that the tong might close
the air holes.
Heart: Check for the dog's heart beats in the inner part of the back leg, to feel the
heart beats, push hard on the dog's chest behind the elbow. The beat at large dogs is
50-90 beats a min, and smaller dogs, is should be faster, even might get to 150 a min.
There are 3 reflexes that you should check at
1. Eyes reflexes, touch gently at the point where the eye and muzzle get together. If the
dog in conscious, he will blink automatically.
2. Light reflexes, light with a flash light to the dog's eye. The pupil will shrink. If it
didn't happened, the heart might be in the stage of less blood, if it was small from
the start, it might point that the dog has a brain damage.
3. Legs reflexes, pinch hard the inner skin of the dog's back leg's paw. If there is no
reaction, the dog might be in a deep unconscious, or that the heart have stopped from
beating. If the unconscious is only slight, the dog will react by pulling the leg back to
Shocks and collapses.
How to recognize a shock?
A shock is the stage when the heart don't supply enough blood to the body. This stage can
even get an hour after a traffic accident. The dog gets weak, the heart beats and
breathing are fast and the body is cold to touch.
The action to act, if the shock is not caused by a heart attack, you need to put a blanket
over the dog not tight, to watch his body temperature. Make sure he breaths freely, and
call a vet as soon as possible.